Operation Niblick

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Operation Niblick
Information
Country United States
Test site NTS Area 12, Rainier Mesa; NTS, Areas 1-4, 6-10, Yucca Flat
Period 1963-1964
Number of tests 41
Test type underground shaft
Max. yield 249 kilotonnes of TNT (1,040 TJ)
Navigation
Previous test series Operation Roller Coaster
Next test series Operation Whetstone

The United States's Niblick nuclear test series[1] was a group of 41 nuclear tests conducted in 1963-1964. These tests [note 1] followed the Operation Roller Coaster series and preceeded the Operation Whetstone series.

United States' Niblick series tests and detonations
Name [note 2] Date time (UT) Local time zone [note 3][2] Location [note 4] Elevation + height [note 5] Delivery [note 6]
Purpose [note 7]
Device [note 8] Yield [note 9] Fallout [note 10] References Notes
Pekan 12 August 1963 23:45:00.13 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3bw 37°02′30″N 116°00′59″W / 37.04164°N 116.01644°W / 37.04164; -116.01644 (Pekan) 1,197 m (3,927 ft) - 302.27 m (991.7 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
8 kt Venting detected, 1.1 MCi (41 PBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1]
Satsop 15 August 1963 13:00:00.15 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U2g 37°09′15″N 116°04′39″W / 37.15407°N 116.07756°W / 37.15407; -116.07756 (Satsop) 1,306 m (4,285 ft) - 224.94 m (738.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
3 kt [5][6][7][1]
Kohocton - 1 (with Natches) 23 August 1963 13:20:00.15 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U9ak 37°07′30″N 116°02′11″W / 37.12492°N 116.03626°W / 37.12492; -116.03626 (Kohocton - 1) 1,289 m (4,229 ft) - 254.51 m (835.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
less than 20 kt Venting detected, 3 kCi (110 TBq) [3][4][6][7][1]
Natches - 2 (with Kohocton) 23 August 1963 13:20:00.14 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U9ak1 37°07′30″N 116°02′10″W / 37.12492°N 116.03612°W / 37.12492; -116.03612 (Natches - 2) 1,261 m (4,137 ft) + underground shaft,
weapons development
less than 20 kt [6][7][1]
Ahtanum 13 September 1963 13:53:00.15 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U2l 37°09′48″N 116°04′54″W / 37.16333°N 116.08157°W / 37.16333; -116.08157 (Ahtanum) 1,320 m (4,330 ft) - 225.55 m (740.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
1 kt Venting detected, 35 Ci (1,300 GBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1]
Bilby 13 September 1963 17:00:00.13 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3on 37°03′38″N 116°01′21″W / 37.06053°N 116.02237°W / 37.06053; -116.02237 (Bilby) 1,215 m (3,986 ft) - 714.3 m (2,344 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
249 kt Venting detected, 1 Ci (37 GBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1]
Carp 27 September 1963 14:20:00.13 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3cb 37°02′14″N 116°00′59″W / 37.03728°N 116.01643°W / 37.03728; -116.01643 (Carp) 1,193 m (3,914 ft) - 329.55 m (1,081.2 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
80 t Venting detected on site, 1.1 kCi (41 TBq) [3][4][8][6][7][1]
Narraguagus 27 September 1963 17:30:00.15 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U2f 37°09′17″N 116°04′27″W / 37.15473°N 116.07423°W / 37.15473; -116.07423 (Narraguagus) 1,302 m (4,272 ft) - 150.27 m (493.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
80 t Venting detected, 160 Ci (5,900 GBq) [4][8][6][7][1]
Grunion 11 October 1963 14:00:00.11 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3bz 37°02′14″N 116°01′19″W / 37.03735°N 116.02196°W / 37.03735; -116.02196 (Grunion) 1,193 m (3,914 ft) - 261.31 m (857.3 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
8 kt Venting detected, 4 kCi (150 TBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1]
Tornillo 11 October 1963 21:00:00.155 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U9aq 37°07′07″N 116°02′05″W / 37.11867°N 116.03473°W / 37.11867; -116.03473 (Tornillo) 1,267 m (4,157 ft) - 149.05 m (489.0 ft) underground shaft,
peaceful research
380 t Venting detected, 520 Ci (19,000 GBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1] Plowshare experiment to provide a clean device for excavations.
Clearwater 16 October 1963 17:00:00.14 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U12q 37°11′53″N 116°13′49″W / 37.19812°N 116.23038°W / 37.19812; -116.23038 (Clearwater) 2,233 m (7,326 ft) - 548.03 m (1,798.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
60 kt Venting detected, 4.6 kCi (170 TBq) [3][4][6][7][1]
Mullet 17 October 1963 15:00:00.15 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U2ag 37°07′51″N 116°04′04″W / 37.13076°N 116.06783°W / 37.13076; -116.06783 (Mullet) 1,275 m (4,183 ft) - 60.35 m (198.0 ft) underground shaft,
safety experiment
less than 20 kt [6][7][1]
Anchovy 14 November 1963 16:00:00.12 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3bq 37°02′22″N 116°01′09″W / 37.03947°N 116.01913°W / 37.03947; -116.01913 (Anchovy) 1,194 m (3,917 ft) - 260.25 m (853.8 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
9 kt Venting detected on site, less than 230 kCi (8,500 TBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1]
Mustang 15 November 1963 15:00:00.15 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U9at 37°07′56″N 116°02′52″W / 37.13226°N 116.04776°W / 37.13226; -116.04776 (Mustang) 1,257 m (4,124 ft) - 165.81 m (544.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
2 kt Venting detected, 100 Ci (3,700 GBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1]
Greys 22 November 1963 17:30:00.15 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U9ax 37°07′09″N 116°02′46″W / 37.11929°N 116.04604°W / 37.11929; -116.04604 (Greys) 1,248 m (4,094 ft) - 300.84 m (987.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
20 kt Venting detected, less than 460 Ci (17,000 GBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1]
Barracuda - 2 (with Sardine) 4 December 1963 16:38:30.13 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3cr 37°02′38″N 116°00′47″W / 37.04386°N 116.01295°W / 37.04386; -116.01295 (Barracuda - 2) 1,202 m (3,944 ft) - 263.3 m (864 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
less than 20 kt Venting detected on site, 100 Ci (3,700 GBq) [4][6][7][1] Simultaneous, separate holes.
Sardine - 1 (with Barracuda) 4 December 1963 16:38:30.118 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3ch 37°02′23″N 116°01′48″W / 37.03959°N 116.03009°W / 37.03959; -116.03009 (Sardine - 1) 1,194 m (3,917 ft) - 262 m (860 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
8 kt Venting detected on site, 30 Ci (1,100 GBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1] Simultaneous, separate holes.
Eagle 12 December 1963 16:02:00.15 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U9av 37°07′52″N 116°02′41″W / 37.13098°N 116.04476°W / 37.13098; -116.04476 (Eagle) 1,254 m (4,114 ft) - 164.59 m (540.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
5.3 kt Venting detected off site, 760 Ci (28,000 GBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1]
Tuna 20 December 1963 15:24:00.13 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3de 37°03′10″N 116°02′03″W / 37.05277°N 116.03413°W / 37.05277; -116.03413 (Tuna) 1,203 m (3,947 ft) - 414.35 m (1,359.4 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
less than 20 kt Venting detected on site, less than 0.1 Ci (3.7 GBq) [3][4][6][7][1]
Fore 16 January 1964 16:00:00.15 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U9ao 37°08′31″N 116°03′01″W / 37.14205°N 116.05014°W / 37.14205; -116.05014 (Fore) 1,263 m (4,144 ft) - 490.42 m (1,609.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
38 kt Venting detected, 1.2 kCi (44 TBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1]
Oconto 23 January 1964 16:00:00.15 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U9ay 37°07′35″N 116°02′14″W / 37.12637°N 116.0372°W / 37.12637; -116.0372 (Oconto) 1,260 m (4,130 ft) - 264.69 m (868.4 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
10.5 kt Venting detected off site, 30 kCi (1,100 TBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1]
Club 30 January 1964 16:00:00.15 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U2aa 37°08′10″N 116°04′18″W / 37.13616°N 116.07153°W / 37.13616; -116.07153 (Club) 1,283 m (4,209 ft) - 180.44 m (592.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
2 kt Venting detected, 590 Ci (22,000 GBq) [3][4][8][6][7][1]
Solendon 12 February 1964 15:38:00.12 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3cz 37°03′24″N 116°01′48″W / 37.05659°N 116.02998°W / 37.05659; -116.02998 (Solendon) 1,206 m (3,957 ft) - 150.17 m (492.7 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
less than 20 kt Venting detected on site, 10 Ci (370 GBq) [3][4][6][7][1]
Bunker 13 February 1964 15:30:00.15 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U9bb 37°07′55″N 116°02′00″W / 37.13201°N 116.03325°W / 37.13201; -116.03325 (Bunker) 1,270 m (4,170 ft) - 226.77 m (744.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
1.5 kt Venting detected on site, less than 420 Ci (16,000 GBq) [3][4][8][6][7][1]
Bonefish 18 February 1964 15:37:19.12 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3bt 37°03′34″N 116°02′03″W / 37.05937°N 116.03405°W / 37.05937; -116.03405 (Bonefish) 1,207 m (3,960 ft) - 300.76 m (986.7 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
5 kt Venting detected, 19 Ci (700 GBq) [4][8][6][7][1]
Mackerel 18 February 1964 15:37:37.124 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U4b 37°05′44″N 116°03′06″W / 37.09558°N 116.05159°W / 37.09558; -116.05159 (Mackerel) 1,236 m (4,055 ft) - 333.71 m (1,094.8 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
less than 20 kt [6][7][1]
Klickitat 20 February 1964 15:30:00.15 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U10e 37°09′03″N 116°02′28″W / 37.15084°N 116.04098°W / 37.15084; -116.04098 (Klickitat) 1,273 m (4,177 ft) - 492.56 m (1,616.0 ft) underground shaft,
peaceful research
70 kt Venting detected, less than 10 Ci (370 GBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1] A Plowshare device-development experiment to produce an improved nuclear explosive for excavation applications.
Handicap 12 March 1964 15:00:00.01 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U9ba 37°07′48″N 116°02′14″W / 37.12995°N 116.03726°W / 37.12995; -116.03726 (Handicap) 1,261 m (4,137 ft) - 143.26 m (470.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
200 t Venting detected on site, 300 Ci (11,000 GBq) [3][4][8][6][7][1]
Pike 13 March 1964 16:02:00.12 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3cy 37°03′02″N 116°00′44″W / 37.05042°N 116.01224°W / 37.05042; -116.01224 (Pike) 1,211 m (3,973 ft) - 114.5 m (376 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
2 kt Venting detected off site, 120 kCi (4,400 TBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1] Vented massively for 69 seconds after detonation until quieted by chimney collapse. Possible fault crack.
Hook 14 April 1964 14:40:00.15 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U9bc 37°07′44″N 116°01′51″W / 37.12887°N 116.0307°W / 37.12887; -116.0307 (Hook) 1,276 m (4,186 ft) - 203.67 m (668.2 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
3 kt Venting detected on site, less than 350 Ci (13,000 GBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1]
Sturgeon 15 April 1964 14:30:00.12 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3bo 37°02′38″N 116°01′09″W / 37.04393°N 116.01911°W / 37.04393; -116.01911 (Sturgeon) 1,198 m (3,930 ft) - 149.77 m (491.4 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
2 kt Venting detected, 230 Ci (8,500 GBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1]
Bogey 17 April 1964 15:29:52.28 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U9au 37°07′10″N 116°02′05″W / 37.11944°N 116.03476°W / 37.11944; -116.03476 (Bogey) 1,265 m (4,150 ft) - 118.84 m (389.9 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
less than 20 kt Venting detected on site, less than 60 Ci (2,200 GBq) [3][4][6][7][1]
Turf 24 April 1964 20:10:00.15 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U10c 37°08′59″N 116°03′22″W / 37.14982°N 116.05609°W / 37.14982; -116.05609 (Turf) 1,272 m (4,173 ft) - 506.88 m (1,663.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
38 kt Venting detected, less than 200 Ci (7,400 GBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1]
Pipefish 29 April 1964 20:47:00.12 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3co 37°02′22″N 116°01′38″W / 37.03954°N 116.02735°W / 37.03954; -116.02735 (Pipefish) 1,194 m (3,917 ft) - 261.92 m (859.3 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
15 kt I-131 venting detected, 0 [3][8][5][6][7][1]
Driver 7 May 1964 13:00:00.15 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U9ar 37°07′13″N 116°02′28″W / 37.12021°N 116.04116°W / 37.12021; -116.04116 (Driver) 1,253 m (4,111 ft) - 148.19 m (486.2 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
less than 20 kt Venting detected on site, 37 Ci (1,400 GBq) [3][4][6][7][1]
Backswing 14 May 1964 14:40:00.15 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U9aw 37°07′02″N 116°02′23″W / 37.11729°N 116.03981°W / 37.11729; -116.03981 (Backswing) 1,257 m (4,124 ft) - 163.37 m (536.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
8 kt Venting detected on site, 37 Ci (1,400 GBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1]
Minnow 15 May 1964 16:15:00.12 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3cv 37°02′30″N 116°00′47″W / 37.04167°N 116.01297°W / 37.04167; -116.01297 (Minnow) 1,199 m (3,934 ft) - 241.34 m (791.8 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
6 kt [5][6][7][1]
Ace 11 June 1964 16:45:00.15 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U2n 37°08′55″N 116°04′37″W / 37.14856°N 116.07687°W / 37.14856; -116.07687 (Ace) 1,300 m (4,300 ft) - 262.74 m (862.0 ft) underground shaft,
peaceful research
3 kt Venting detected on site, 9 Ci (330 GBq) [3][4][6][7][1] A Plowshare device-development experiment to produce an improved nuclear explosive for excavation applications.
Bitterling 12 June 1964 14:01:00.1 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3cu 37°02′20″N 116°00′47″W / 37.03892°N 116.01293°W / 37.03892; -116.01293 (Bitterling) 1,196 m (3,924 ft) - 192.6 m (632 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
500 t [9][8][6][7][1]
Duffer 18 June 1964 13:30:00.2 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U10ds 37°09′57″N 116°02′21″W / 37.16595°N 116.03928°W / 37.16595; -116.03928 (Duffer) 1,288 m (4,226 ft) - 445.71 m (1,462.3 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
150 t Venting detected, less than 41 Ci (1,500 GBq) [4][8][6][7][1]
Fade 25 June 1964 13:30:00.14 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U9be 37°06′40″N 116°01′47″W / 37.11109°N 116.02965°W / 37.11109; -116.02965 (Fade) 1,280 m (4,200 ft) - 205.16 m (673.1 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
6 kt Venting detected on site, 35 Ci (1,300 GBq) [3][4][5][6][7][1]
Dub 30 June 1964 13:33:00.14 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U10a 37°10′28″N 116°03′26″W / 37.17434°N 116.05736°W / 37.17434; -116.05736 (Dub) 1,282 m (4,206 ft) - 258.56 m (848.3 ft) underground shaft,
peaceful research
11.7 kt Venting detected on site, 29 Ci (1,100 GBq) [3][8][5][6][7][1] A Plowshare experiment to develop emplacement techniques.

References[edit]

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