Oskar von Boddien

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Oskar von Boddien
Oskar von Boddien Kc with OL.jpg
Von Boddien's Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
Bundeswehr Military History Museum, Dresden
Born 19 April 1900
Neuruppin
Died 6 January 1942(1942-01-06) (aged 41)
Yevpatoria, Ukraine
Allegiance German Empire German Empire (to 1918)
Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Years of service ?–1942
Rank Oberst (Posthumously)
Battles/wars

World War I
World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Oskar von Boddien (19 April 1900 – 6 January 1942) was a highly decorated Oberst in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded the Aufklärungs-Abteilung 22 (22nd Reconnaissance Battalion) of the 22nd Infantry Division. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Oskar von Boddien was killed 6 January 1942 near Yevpatoria, Ukraine. He was posthumously promoted to Oberst and was awarded Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross.

Oberst (Colonel) Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller, commander of Infanterie-Regiment 105 (105th Infantry Regiment) of the 72nd Infantry Division and charged by the AOK 11 with the leadership of the battles for Yevpatoria, on 6 January 1942 ordered the Aufklärungs-Abteilung 22 to attack the harbor area and conquer the city. Von Boddien together with the 1st Squadron under Oberleutnant (First Lieutenant) von Frankenberg commence the attack. Von Boddien was mortally hit by machine gun fire and von Frankenberg was wounded.

Awards and decorations[edit]

Wehrmachtbericht reference[edit]

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
Monday, 12 January 1942 Bei dem im Wehrmachtbericht vom 7. Januar gemeldeten sowjetischen Landungsunternehmen in Jewpatoria auf der Krim ließ der Gegner in zähen Häuser- und Straßenkämpfen 600 tote Soldaten und 1300 Partisanen auf dem Kampffeld. 203 Gefangene fielen in unsere Hand. Dieser Erfolg ist in besonderem Maße dem entschlossenen Zupacken des Oberstleutnants von Boddien zuzuschreiben, der als Kommandeur der Aufklärungsabteilung einer Infanteriedivision in diesem Kampf gefallen ist. Der Führer und Oberste Befehlshaber der Wehrmacht hat diesem tapferen Offizier nachträglich das Eichenlaub zum Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes verliehen.[4] In the Armed Forces report of 7 January announced Soviet landing operations at Yevpatoria in the Crimea, the opponents lost and left behind in fierce house and street fighting, 600 dead soldiers and 1,300 partisans on the battlefield. 203 prisoners fell into our hands. This success is particularly attributed to the determined actions of Lieutenant Colonel von Boddien, who as commander of the Reconnaissance Battalion of Infantry Division was killed in this battle. The Führer and Supreme Commander of the Army has subsequently awarded this brave officer the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ a b Thomas 1997, p. 57.
  2. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 116.
  3. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 52.
  4. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 8.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6. 
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943 (in German). München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 3-423-05944-3. 

External links[edit]