Outline of Kenya

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The location of Kenya
An enlargeable relief map of the Republic of Kenya

The Republic of Kenya (/ˈknjə/; IPA: [ˈkɛnja]) is a country in East Africa.

Lying along the Indian Ocean, at the equator, Kenya is bordered by Ethiopia (north), Somalia (northeast), Tanzania (south), Uganda plus Lake Victoria (west), and South Sudan (northwest). The capital city is Nairobi, 2nd largest in Africa (after Cairo). Kenya spans an area about 85% the size of France or Texas. The population has grown rapidly in recent decades to roughly 38 million. Kenya has numerous wildlife reserves, containing thousands of animal species.

The country is named after Mount Kenya, a significant landmark and the second among the highest mountain peaks of Africa,[1][2] and both were originally usually pronounced /ˈknjə/[3] in English, though the native pronunciation and the one intended by the original transcription Kenia was [ˈkɛnja].[4] During the presidency of Jomo Kenyatta in the 1960s, the current English pronunciation of /ˈkɛnjə/ became widespread because his name retained the native pronunciation.[5] Before 1920, the area now known as Kenya was known as the British East Africa Protectorate and so there was no need to mention mount when referring to the mountain.[1]

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Kenya:

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable basic map of Kenya

Geography of Kenya[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Kenya
Main article: Geography of Kenya
 Uganda 933 km
 Ethiopia 861 km
 Tanzania 769 km
 Somalia 682 km
 South Sudan 232 km
  • Coastline: Indian Ocean 536 km

Environment of Kenya[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Kenya
Main article: Environment of Kenya

Natural geographic features of Kenya[edit]

Regions of Kenya[edit]

Main article: Regions of Kenya

Ecoregions of Kenya[edit]

Administrative divisions of Kenya[edit]

Counties of Kenya[edit]
Main article: Counties of Kenya

Kenya is divided into 47 Counties

Code County Former Province Area (km2) Population
Census 2009
1 Mombasa Coast 212.5 939,370 Mombasa (City)
2 Kwale Coast 8,270.3 649,931 Kwale
3 Kilifi Coast 12,245.9 1,109,735 Kilifi
4 Tana River Coast 35,375.8 240,075 Hola
5 Lamu Coast 6,497.7 101,539 Lamu
6 Taita-Taveta Coast 17,083.9 284,657 Voi
7 Garissa North Eastern 45,720.2 623,060 Garissa
8 Wajir North Eastern 55,840.6 661,941 Wajir
9 Mandera North Eastern 25,797.7 1,025,756 Mandera
10 Marsabit Eastern 66,923.1 291,166 Marsabit
11 Isiolo Eastern 25,336.1 143,294 Isiolo
12 Meru Eastern 5,127.1 1,356,301 Meru
13 Tharaka-Nithi Eastern 2,409.5 365,330 Chuka
14 Embu Eastern 2,555.9 516,212 Embu
15 Kitui Eastern 24,385.1 1,012,709 Kitui
16 Machakos Eastern 5,952.9 1,098,584 Machakos
17 Makueni Eastern 8,008.9 884,527 Wote
18 Nyandarua Central 3,107.7 596,268 Ol Kalou
19 Nyeri Central 2,361.0 693,558 Nyeri
20 Kirinyaga Central 1,205.4 528,054 Kerugoya / Kutus
21 Murang'a Central 2,325.8 942,581 Murang'a
22 Kiambu Central 2,449.2 1,623,282 Kiambu
23 Turkana Rift Valley 71,597.8 855,399 Lodwar
24 West Pokot Rift Valley 8,418.2 512,690 Kapenguria
25 Samburu Rift Valley 20,182.5 223,947 Maralal
26 Trans Nzoia Rift Valley 2,469.9 818,757 Kitale
27 Uasin Gishu Rift Valley 2,955.3 894,179 Eldoret
28 Elgeyo-Marakwet Rift Valley 3,049.7 369,998 Iten
29 Nandi Rift Valley 2,884.5 752,965 Kapsabet
30 Baringo Rift Valley 11,075.3 555,561 Kabarnet
31 Laikipia Rift Valley 8,696.1 399,227 Nanyuki
32 Nakuru Rift Valley 7,509.5 1,603,325 Nakuru
33 Narok Rift Valley 17,921.2 850,920 Narok
34 Kajiado Rift Valley 21,292.7 687,312 Kajiado
35 Kericho Rift Valley 2,454.5 752,396 Kericho
36 Bomet Rift Valley 1,997.9 730,129 Bomet
37 Kakamega Western 3,033.8 1,660,651 Kakamega
38 Vihiga Western 531.3 554,622 Vihiga
39 Bungoma Western 2,206.9 1,375,063 Bungoma
40 Busia Western 1,628.4 743,946 Busia
41 Siaya Nyanza 2,496.1 842,304 Siaya
42 Kisumu Nyanza 2,009.5 968,909 Kisumu
43 Homa Bay Nyanza 3,154.7 963,794 Homa Bay
44 Migori Nyanza 2,586.4 917,170 Migori
45 Kisii Nyanza 1,317.9 1,152,282 Kisii
46 Nyamira Nyanza 912.5 598,252 Nyamira
47 Nairobi Nairobi 694.9 3,138,369 Nairobi (City)
Totals 581,309.0 38,610,097 Nairobi
Map of counties
Municipalities of Kenya[edit]

Major towns:

Some smaller towns:

Demography of Kenya[edit]

Main article: Demographics of Kenya

Government and politics of Kenya[edit]

Main article: Government of Kenya and Politics of Kenya

Branches of the government of Kenya[edit]

Main article: Government of Kenya

Executive arm of the government of Kenya[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Kenya[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Kenya[edit]

Main article: Court system of Kenya

Foreign relations of Kenya[edit]

International organisation membership[edit]

Kenya is a member of: The Republic of Kenya is a member of:[6]

Law and order in Kenya[edit]

Main article: Law of Kenya

Military of Kenya[edit]

Main article: Military of Kenya

Local government in Kenya[edit]

History of Kenya[edit]

Main article: History of Kenya, Timeline of the history of Kenya, and Current events of Kenya

Culture of Kenya[edit]

Main article: Culture of Kenya

The arts in Kenya[edit]

Sports in Kenya[edit]

Main article: Sports in Kenya

Economy and infrastructure of Kenya[edit]

Main article: Economy of Kenya

Education in Kenya[edit]

Main article: Education in Kenya

Health in Kenya[edit]

Main article: Health in Kenya

See also[edit]

Main article: Kenya


  1. ^ a b Reuter. "British East Africa Annexed--"Kenya Colony"" (News). The Times (London). Thursday, 8 July 1920. (42457), col C, p. 13.
  2. ^ "East Africa: Kenya: History: Kenya Colony". Encyclopædia Britannica 17 (15 ed.). 2002. pp. 801, 1b. ISBN 0-85229-787-4. 
  3. ^ "Kenya". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. 
  4. ^ The Spelling of Kenya. B. J. Ratcliffe. Journal of the Royal African Society, Vol. 42, No. 166 (Jan. 1943), pp. 42–44
  5. ^ Foottit, Claire (2006) [2004]. Kenya. The Brade Travel Guide. Bradt Travel Guides Ltd. ISBN 1-84162-066-1. 
  6. ^ "Kenya". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. 3 July 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2009. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Kenya

Travel & Tourism