National Parliament (East Timor)
Tetum: Parlamentu Nasionál
Portuguese: Parlamento Nacional
President of the National Parliament
Length of term
|Authority||Title III, Part III, Constitution of East Timor|
|Party-list proportional representation|
|July 7, 2012|
|Parliament of Timor-Leste in Dili on June 21, 2002.|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The National Parliament (Tetum: Parlamentu Nasionál, Portuguese: Parlamento Nacional) is the unicameral national legislature in East Timor. It was created in 2001 as the Constituent Assembly while the country was still under the supervision of the United Nations, but renamed itself to the National Parliament with the attaining of national independence on May 20, 2002.
The number of members of the parliament may range between 52 and 65; it started with 88 members, due to the Constituent Assembly's decision to reform as the National Parliament rather than holding new elections. All members serve five-year terms. Members are elected by a party-list system. The parliament sits in the National Parliament Building in the capital, Dili, which was specially refurbished with AUD 1.8 million of Australian aid assistance in the leadup to independence.
As with many other nations, the party most able to gain a working majority in the parliament forms a government. The members of parliament subsequently elect the head of government, the Prime Minister, who is currently Xanana Gusmão. Legislation in some areas may be vetoed by the directly elected head of state, the President, though its role is limited by the constitution.
There is universal franchise for all citizens over the age of 17, although voting is not compulsory.
Presidents of the National Parliament of East Timor
- Francisco Guterres (20 May 2002–8 August 2007)
- Fernando de Araújo (8 August 2007–30 July 2012)
- Vicente da Silva Guterres (30 July 2012–Present)
- List of members of the parliament of East Timor, 2001–2007
- List of members of the parliament of East Timor, 2007–2012
- List of members of the parliament of East Timor, 2012–present
- Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste