Prithviraj Chavan

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For other people named Prithviraj Chauhan, see Prithviraj Chauhan (disambiguation).
Prithviraj Chavan
पृथ्वीराज चव्हाण
Prithviraj Chavan Mugshot.jpg
22nd Chief Minister of Maharashtra
Assumed office
11 November 2010
Preceded by Ashok Chavan
Constituency Karad
Personal details
Born (1946-03-18) 18 March 1946 (age 68)
Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
Nationality Indian
Political party Indian National Congress
Spouse(s) Satvasheela
Residence Satara
Alma mater BITS, Pilani
University of California, Berkeley
Religion Hinduism

Prithviraj Chavan (Marathi: पृथ्वीराज चव्हाण) (born 17 March 1946) is the 22nd and current Chief Minister of Maharashtra, a state in Western India. Born in Indore, Madhya Pradesh Chavan is a graduate of Birla Institute of Technology and Science and University of California in mechanical engineering. He spent time working in the field of aircraft instrumentation and designing audio recorders for anti-submarine warfare in the US before returning to India and becoming an entrepreneur in 1974. Referred to in the media as a technocrat with a clean, non-controversial image, a low-profile leader. Chavan served as the Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs and Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances, and Pensions. Chavan was also General Secretary of the All-India Congress Committee (AICC), in-charge of many states, including Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Haryana, Gujarat, Tripura, and Arunachal Pradesh.

Chavan drawn into politics after meeting with the Rajiv Gandhi. He has been involved in the Indian National Congress bureaucracy for most of his adult life, notably as a member of the Rajya Sabha (the upper house of the India's Parliament) and later architect of the civil nuclear liability bill. He was first elected to the Lok Sabha in 1991 and followed it up in subsequent elections. Chavan held five portfolios in the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government that includes the ministry of science and technology. He became chief minister of Maharashtra in 2010 at the instance of Congress President Sonia Gandhi succeeding Ashok Chavan.

Early life[edit]

Prithviraj Chauhan was born to politicians Anandrao alias Dajisaheb Chavan and Premalakaki Chavan.He is the eldest of three siblings. His younger sisters are Nirupama Ajitrao Yadav-Deshmukh and Vidyulata Venkatrao Ghorpade. Dajisaheb was a Member of the Lok Sabha from the Karad constituency from 1957 to 1973 & served as a Minister in the cabinets of Prime Ministers Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri and Indira Gandhi. Upon Dajisaheb's death, Chavan's mother Premalakaki contested from her late husband's constituency and served for all consecutive terms till her death in 1991.

Chavan began his schooling at a local Municipal Marathi-medium school in Karad (his parents could have sent him to any boarding school of their choice, but they firmly believed their son should receive the same education as other children). After his father moved to Delhi, Chavan joined Nutan Marathi School (a Hindi-medium school) in Delhi. Despite having changed the medium of instruction mid-school, Chavan, who was a brilliant and hardworking student, continued to do well in his studies.

Chavan graduated in Mechanical Engineering from the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani. After graduation in 1967, he won a UNESCO scholarship in Germany and later moved to pursue a Master of Science degree from the University of California, Berkeley. He wrote articles on computer science; engineering design; and also contributed to research in computerization. He also worked briefly in the USA as a design engineer, working on defence electronics, anti-submarine warfare, and computer storage systems.

Political career[edit]

Chavan started his political career in 1991; his name was proposed by Mr. Hindurao Sakharam Jagtap (President Karad Taluka Youth congress Committee)as the Congress party nominee in place of his late mother, and won the family seat of Karad thrice, in 1991, 1996 and 1998 and lost it in 1999.[1]

He was the Minister of State for the ministries of Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs and in charge of Prime Minister's Office. Earlier he was also the Minister Of State in charge of the Department Of Atomic Energy. He retained his image of "Mr. Clean" which fetched prestigious post of chief minister after departure of Ashok Chavan on account of Adarsh Scam.

Barely days into his tenure as the Chief Minister Of Maharashtra, he, along with Civil Aviation minister Praful Patel, met Jairam Ramesh, the Minister for Environment And Forests and successfully convinced him to give the environmental clearance for the much delayed Navi Mumbai International Airport. He was instrumental in fostering Jaitapur Power Project through direct counseling of natizens. He has also announced reformations in higher and technical education in Maharashtra. He took initiative to enhance research at the University level providing enhanced Scholarships so that people can take up the task full-time. In the very first year, he took staunch steps to curb corruption in cooperative sector through RBI by dissolution of Directorate of Maharashtra State Cooperative Bank. He took firm steps to put down the builder lobby infamous for unfair practices, especially in the urban areas of Mumbai & Pune.

Personal life[edit]

Pritviraj Chavan Born in Indore is married to Satvasheela. They have a daughter Ankita and a son Jai. Ankita got married on Nov 11 2013 in Delhi.[2]

Posts held[edit]

  • 1991-92 Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Science and Technology.
  • 1992-93 Member, Committee on Science and Technology, Ministry of Environment and Forests.
  • 1994-96 Member, Standing Committee on Finance and Planning.
  • 1996-99 Member, Committee on Provision of Computers to Members of Parliament.
  • 2000-01 Spokesperson, All India Congress Committee.
  • 2002-04 Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Defence.
  • 2004-22 May 2009 and 28 May 2009 onward Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office.

Important Decisions taken by his government in Maharashtra[edit]

Department of Social Justice

  • 16 percent reservation to the Marathas who are educationally & socially weak
  • First state to bring in law against black magic & superstitions
  • Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar’s memorial at Indu mills
  • E-scholarship benefits to Lakh students

Home Department

  • Helpline numbers — 103 for Mumbai and 1091 for rest of Maharashtra — for women in distress
  • Special court to clear Atrocity cases
  • Fast track courts for cases on women assault

Department of Housing Development

  • Protection to Mumbai slums built before Jan 1, 2000
  • Affordable houses to mill workers on the mill land (Deemed Conveyance)
  • Independent Officers for Housing development complaints

Public Health Department

  • Dial 108 for free ambulance facility under the Emergency Medical Services
  • Dial 104 to get avail of blood under 'Blood-on-Call' scheme
  • Rajiv Gandhi Jeevandayee Arogya Yojana for low income group
  • Free medicines from Government hospital for the patients in the state
  • Child Health Plan

Department of Agriculture Campaign for dry land farming Concession to farmers on electricity bills under Krishi Sanjivani Yojana

Minorities Development Department

  • 5 percent reservation for Muslims who are educationally & socially weak
  • Special Fund for Madrasa modernization. Inclusion of Mathematics and Science in curriculum
  • Special ITI and Polytechnic

Department of Food and Civil Supplies

  • Implementation of food security scheme has benefited 8 crore people

Industries, Energy and Labour Department

  • New attractive policies for industrial development

Urban Development Department

  • Rapid development of infrastructure in Mumbai. Started Metro and Monorail

Water Conservation Department

  • Ambitious projects like Cement Nala & Bandhare

Department of Revenue and Forest

  • Facility of providing certificates easily through centers in rural areas
  • Policies to prevent unauthorized constructions, appointment of Committee
  • Division of Thane districts. Formation of Palghar as a new district
  • Automatic NA in urban areas

Department of Women and Child Development

  • Sukanya and Manodhairya scheme to protect women

Co-operation Department

  • Cooperative Housing Societies can claim land ownership

Law and Judiciary Department

  • National Law University at Mumbai, Nagpur and Aurangabad.

Department of School Education

  • Effective implementation of RTE Act.

General Administration Department

  • Two years training at YASHADA to officers on probation

Department of Textiles

  • 11 lakh new jobs created under new Textile Policy


  1. ^ Gupta, Smita (10 November 2010). "Prithviraj, with a clean image, takes up key political assignment". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 
  2. ^ Deshpande, Rajeev (29 November 2013). "Techknow neta: The aerospace engineer who became a politician". The Times Of India. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Ashok Chavan
Chief Minister of Maharashtra
11 Nov 2010 - Present
Succeeded by