|Carries||Six (6) lanes of motor vehicles, pedestrian/bicycle path|
|Maintained by||New York City Department of Transportation|
|Total length||2,810 feet (860 m)|
|Longest span||177 feet (54 m)|
|Clearance below||39 feet (12 m)|
|Opened||September 10, 1954|
|Daily traffic||37,019 (2008)|
The Pulaski Bridge in New York City connects Long Island City in Queens to Greenpoint in Brooklyn over Newtown Creek. It was named after Polish military commander and American Revolutionary War fighter Kazimierz Pułaski (Casimir Pulaski) because of the large Polish-American population in Greenpoint. It connects 11th Street in Queens to McGuinness Boulevard (formerly Oakland Street) in Brooklyn.
The Pulaski Bridge opened to traffic on September 10, 1954. It served as a replacement for the nearby Vernon Avenue Bridge, which had linked Vernon Avenue in Long Island City with Manhattan Avenue in Greenpoint.
Designed by Frederick Zurmuhlen, the Pulaski Bridge is a bascule bridge, a type of drawbridge. It carries six lanes of traffic and a pedestrian sidewalk over the water, Long Island Rail Road tracks, and the entrance to the Queens-Midtown Tunnel. The pedestrian sidewalk is on the west or downstream side of the bridge, which has good views of the industrial areas surrounding Newtown Creek, the skyline of Manhattan, and of a number of other bridges, including the Williamsburg Bridge, the Queensboro Bridge, and the Kosciuszko Bridge. The bridge was reconstructed between 1991 and 1994.
From 1979 until 1990, a message reading "Wheels Over Indian Trails" was painted on the Pulaski Bridge over the approach to the Queens-Midtown Tunnel. The artwork was created by John Fekner as a tribute to the thirteen Native American tribes who inhabited Long Island.
According to StreetsBlog, in response to the lack of adequate bicycle facilities currently on the Pulaski Bridge, the NYC Department of Transportation has begun studying the possibility of installing dedicated bicycle lanes on the bridge, as of November 2012. The study is expected to take several months. Since the Pulaski is a drawbridge with an open section in the middle, it presents several challenges not face by other bridges. First, physical dividers must be lightweight yet securely installed so they don't come loose when the drawbridge is opened. Secondly, the joints where the two leaves come together must be somehow protected to make them more bicycle wheel-friendly.
- "New York City Bridge Traffic Volumes 2008" (PDF). New York City Department of Transportation. March 2010. p. 97. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
- Robinson, George (December 7, 2003). "F.Y.I.". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
- "Bridge Linking Greenpoint Section of Brooklyn and Long Island City Is Opened". The New York Times. September 11, 1954. p. 19. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
- Holloway, Lynn (March 20, 1994). "Pulaski Project Nearing Finish". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
- McKinley, Jesse (May 21, 1995). "F.Y.I.". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
- "The Course". ING New York City Marathon. Retrieved 2010-02-27.
- Miller, Stephen. "DOT Begins Study of Dedicated Pulaski Bridge Bike Lane". StreetBlog.org. November 21, 2012.