Pyeongchang County

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Not to be confused with Pyongyang.
Pyeongchang
평창군
County
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Pyeongchang-gun
 • McCune-Reischauer P'yŏngch'ang-gun[1]
Official logo of Pyeongchang
Emblem of Pyeongchang
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country  South Korea
Region Gangwon
Administrative divisions 1 eup, 7 myeon
Area
 • Total 1,463.65 km2 (565.12 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 43,706
 • Density 30/km2 (80/sq mi)
 • Dialect Gangwon

Pyeongchang (Korean pronunciation: [pʰjʌŋtɕʰaŋ]; in full, Pyeongchang-gun [pʰjʌŋtɕʰaŋɡun]) is a county in Gangwon province, South Korea located in the Taebaek Mountains region. It is also home to several Buddhist temples, including Woljeongsa. It is located approximately 180 km (110 mi) east of Seoul, the capital of South Korea. Pyeongchang will host the 2018 Winter Olympics and the 2018 Winter Paralympics.[2]

Geography[edit]

Woljeongsa octagonal nine-story pagoda

The altitude of Pyeongchang is wide-ranging, with 84% of its territory comprising mountains with average elevations of 750 m (2,460 ft).[3]

Its best-known place, the township of Daegwallyeong-myeon, averages between 700 to 800 m (2,300 to 2,600 ft) above sea level, with some areas over 1,000 m (3,300 ft) high.[4] Daegwallyeong-myeon has a monsoon humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dwb) with warm, humid summers and long, cold and dry winters (see climate).

Tourism[edit]

The area is popular with mountain hikers, especially at the southern part of Mount Seoraksan.[5]

Alpensia ski resort is a tourist attraction and has 6 slopes for skiing and snowboarding, with runs up to 1.4 km (0.87 mi) long, for beginners and advanced skiers, and an area reserved for snowboarders. The resort is open year-round.[6]

Alpensia will be the focus of the 2018 Cultural Olympiad, with a new, purpose-built concert hall within the resort.[7]

A 250 km per hour KTX line will be built between Wonju and Gangneung via Pyeongchang for the 2018 Winter Olympics and will put Pyeongchang within 50 minutes of travel time from Seoul.[8]

Buddhist temple Woljeongsa of the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism is located on the eastern slopes of Odaesan.[9]

The Lee Seung-bok Memorial Center is located in Nodong-ri, Yongpyeong-myeon.

Sport[edit]

Pyeongchang hosted the 2013 Special Olympics World Winter Games. The 2018 Winter Olympic Games will be held in Pyeongchang.

2018 Winter Olympic Games[edit]

On 6 July 2011, Pyeongchang was announced as the host city for the 2018 Winter Olympics and the 2018 Winter Paralympics. The other candidate cities were Annecy, France and Munich, Germany. It will be the third Winter Games in Asia after the 1972 games in Sapporo, Japan and the 1998 games in Nagano, Japan. It will also be the first Asian city to host the games outside of Japan. Pyeongchang won their 2018 bid after two previous failed attempts for the 2010 and 2014 Winter Olympics, in which it lost to Vancouver, Canada, and Sochi, Russia respectively.[10] It will be the first ski resort town to host the Winter Olympics since the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville, France.

The name of the county is Pyeongchang, but the local authorities, the PyeongChang Organizing Committee for the 2018 Olympic & Paralympic Winter Games (POCOG) and the International Olympic Committee are generally using the CamelCase PyeongChang.

Dragon Valley Ski Resort

Olympic venues and Dream Program[edit]

In preparation for the 2018 Olympics, the region will build facilities including hotels and a world-class ski resort, named Alpensia, which is currently under construction. As of June 2011, a ski jump tower has already been built to its full height, although not fully completed. At the bottom of the hill, an Olympic Stadium is in its early stages of construction. A test event for the IBU World Cup biathlon was staged in Pyeongchang in February 2008.[11]

The region is implementing its so-called 2008 Dream Program, a legacy of the 2010 bid. It has mounted its fifth sports and cultural program, involving 123 participants from 31 countries, who were invited because they live where there is no snowfall and have no opportunity to participate in winter sports.[11]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The district includes one small city (eup), Pyeongchang-eup (평창읍) and seven townships (myeon):

Pyeong chang-map.png

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Daegwallyeong, Pyeongchang (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
4.4
(39.9)
12.9
(55.2)
17.6
(63.7)
20.5
(68.9)
22.8
(73)
22.8
(73)
18.6
(65.5)
14.0
(57.2)
7.0
(44.6)
0.5
(32.9)
11.5
(52.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7.7
(18.1)
−5.5
(22.1)
−0.5
(31.1)
7.0
(44.6)
11.9
(53.4)
15.7
(60.3)
19.1
(66.4)
19.1
(66.4)
14.1
(57.4)
8.3
(46.9)
1.9
(35.4)
−4.4
(24.1)
6.6
(43.9)
Average low °C (°F) −12.6
(9.3)
−10.5
(13.1)
−5.2
(22.6)
1.2
(34.2)
6.3
(43.3)
11.2
(52.2)
16.0
(60.8)
16.1
(61)
10.0
(50)
3.1
(37.6)
−2.8
(27)
−9.1
(15.6)
2.0
(35.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 62.6
(2.465)
53.6
(2.11)
75.6
(2.976)
89.5
(3.524)
122.3
(4.815)
201.0
(7.913)
326.7
(12.862)
420.9
(16.571)
307.3
(12.098)
124.9
(4.917)
76.9
(3.028)
36.8
(1.449)
1,898
(74.724)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.5 10.5 11.3 9.5 11.1 13.2 17.6 17.8 13.0 8.7 10.1 9.4 142.7
 % humidity 67.3 67.0 67.5 61.0 68.4 79.2 85.7 87.0 84.6 75.2 69.9 67.3 73.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 197.2 185.2 202.3 226.6 229.4 179.8 138.1 130.7 143.9 193.3 176.4 191.9 2,194.8
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "P’yŏngch’ang-gun: South Korea - name, geographic coordinates, administrative division, and map". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2011-07-08. 
  2. ^ "S. Korean city to host 2018 Winter Olympics" CNN. 6 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-06
  3. ^ "VI. Environment and meteorology - Geographic Characteristics of PyeongChang and its Vicinity". Retrieved 2011-07-08. 
  4. ^ "Pyeongchang, Korea". Gamesbids.com. 2007-08-02. Retrieved 2011-07-07. 
  5. ^ "Gangwon-do » Yangyang-gun". Korean Tourism Organization. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  6. ^ "Gangwon-do » Pyeongchang-gun » Alpensia Resort". Korean Tourism Organization. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  7. ^ "Press Release: PyeongChang 2018 boosts cultural Olympiad plan with new Alpensia concert hall (SportsFeatures.com)". PyeongChang 2018 Bid Committee. 2010-07-23. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  8. ^ "PyeongChang2018 Candidate File - Volum 3: 15 Transport" (PDF). © PyeongChang 2018 Bid Committee. Retrieved 5 Sep 2011. 
  9. ^ Lee, Cin Woo (16 March 2012). "Beyond Seoul: 19 reasons to explore Korea". CNN Go. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  10. ^ "Pyeongchang named as host city for 2018 Winter Olympics". Daily Telegraph. 6 July 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2011. 
  11. ^ a b "Pyeongchang Gets into Position for 2018 Olympic Winter Games Bid". Gamesbids.com. Retrieved 2011-07-07. 
  12. ^ "평년값자료(1981–2010) 대관령(100)". Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2011-05-11. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°22′N 128°24′E / 37.367°N 128.400°E / 37.367; 128.400