Reggane

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Reggane
رقان
Commune and town
Tanezrouft-Reggane(1990).jpg
Location of Reggane Commune within Adrar Province
Location of Reggane Commune within Adrar Province
Reggane is located in Algeria
Reggane
Reggane
Location of Reggane within Algeria
Coordinates: 26°43′13″N 0°10′22″E / 26.72028°N 0.17278°E / 26.72028; 0.17278Coordinates: 26°43′13″N 0°10′22″E / 26.72028°N 0.17278°E / 26.72028; 0.17278
Country  Algeria
Province Adrar Province
District Reggane District
Elevation 217 m (712 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 20,402
Time zone CET (UTC+1)

Reggane (from Berber "Argan"; Arabic: رقان‎) is a town and commune, and the capital of Reggane District, in Adrar Province, central Algeria. Reggane lies in the Sahara Desert near an oasis. According to the 2008 census it has a population of 20,402,[1] up from 14,179 in 1998,[2] with an annual growth rate of 3.8%.[1] Berber tribes and people live in and around Reggane.

History[edit]

To the east of Reggane there was until 1965 a rocket launching site where numerous civilian and military ballistic rockets were launched. France began its nuclear testing program in the vicinity of Reggane, conducting four such tests during the Algerian War in 1960 and 1961, before independence.[3]

Geography[edit]

The town of Reggane and its neighbouring villages lie next to the southernmost oases of the Tuat region, which stretches northward to Adrar. The Tidikelt region, a plain with isolated oases, lies to the east, including towns such as In Salah, In Ghar, Aoulef and Tit. To the west is the sandy Erg Chech desert, while to the south lies the vast barren plain of the Tanezrouft.

Climate[edit]

Reggane has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with long, extremely hot summers and short, very warm winters. Daytime temperatures are known to consistently approach 50 °C (122 °F) in summer and nighttime temperatures routinely remain above 30 °C (86 °F). Average annual rainfall is extremely low, with only 10 mm (0.39 in). The sky is nearly always clear throughout the year and cloudy days are extremely rare. Reggane is often quoted as one of the hottest spots worldwide.

Climate data for Reggane
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 22.0
(71.6)
25.8
(78.4)
29.2
(84.6)
34.7
(94.5)
39.7
(103.5)
44.4
(111.9)
46.8
(116.2)
45.7
(114.3)
42.2
(108)
35.9
(96.6)
27.5
(81.5)
22.5
(72.5)
34.7
(94.47)
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.9
(58.8)
18.1
(64.6)
21.5
(70.7)
26.7
(80.1)
31.2
(88.2)
36.3
(97.3)
38.6
(101.5)
37.8
(100)
34.5
(94.1)
28.4
(83.1)
20.4
(68.7)
15.7
(60.3)
27.01
(80.62)
Average low °C (°F) 7.8
(46)
10.3
(50.5)
13.8
(56.8)
18.7
(65.7)
22.6
(72.7)
28.1
(82.6)
30.4
(86.7)
29.9
(85.8)
26.7
(80.1)
20.9
(69.6)
13.3
(55.9)
8.9
(48)
19.28
(66.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 1.4
(0.055)
1.1
(0.043)
1.2
(0.047)
1.6
(0.063)
0.5
(0.02)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
0.5
(0.02)
0.2
(0.008)
1.2
(0.047)
0.5
(0.02)
1.8
(0.071)
10.1
(0.398)
Source #1: NOAA (1964-1990)[4]
Source #2: climatebase.ru (humidity)[5]

Transportation[edit]

Reggane is the last town on the Tanezrouft track heading south across the Sahara Desert to Mali. Customs and police inspection here are mandatory before crossing the Sahara Desert. The Tanezrouft track is the southern part of Algeria's N6 national highway, which connects to Adrar to the north and Bordj Badji Mokhtar to the south. Another highway, the N52, leads through the Tidikelt region to Aoulef and eventually In Salah.

The town is served by Reggane Airport,[6] located about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of the town.

Education[edit]

6.0% of the population has a tertiary education, and another 15.6% has completed secondary education.[7] The overall literacy rate is 75.9%, and is 85.0% among males and 66.3% among females.[8]

Localities[edit]

As of 1984, the commune was composed of 11 localities:[9]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population: Wilaya d'Adrar" (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  2. ^ "Algeria Communes". Statoids. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  3. ^ http://www.johnstonsarchive.net/nuclear/tests/FR-ntests1.html
  4. ^ "Climate Normals for In Salah". Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "In-Salah, Algeria". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  6. ^ "Reggane Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  7. ^ "Structure relative de la population résidente des ménages ordinaires et collectifs âgée de 6 ans et plus selon le niveau d'instruction et la commune de résidence." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "Taux d'analphabétisme et taux d'alphabétisation de la population âgée de 15 ans et plus, selon le sexe et la commune de résidence ." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  9. ^ "Décret n° 84-365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya d'Adrar" (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne,. 19 December 1984. p. 1472. Archived from the original on 2 March 2013 or before. Retrieved 1 July 2013.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)


Neighbouring towns and cities