Religious affiliation in the United States Senate

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While the religious preference of elected officials is by no means an indication of their allegiance nor necessarily reflective of their voting records, the religious affiliation of prominent members of all three branches of government is a source of commentary and discussion among the media and public. The topic is also of interest to religious groups and the general public who may appeal to Senators of their denomination on religious or moral issues facing the United States Senate.

Incumbent United States Senators[edit]

The following lists show the count of the reported religious affiliation of the members of the United States Senate in the 113th Congress.[1]

Catholic[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
Kelly Ayotte, Official Portrait, 112th Congress 2.jpg Kelly Ayotte Republican New Hampshire Catholic[2][3]
Mark Begich, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Mark Begich Democrat Alaska Catholic[4][5]
Maria Cantwell, official portrait, 110th Congress.jpg Maria Cantwell Democrat Washington Catholic[6][7]
Senator Bob Casey official photo 2010.jpg Bob Casey, Jr. Democrat Pennsylvania Catholic[8][9]
Sen Susan Collins official.jpg Susan Collins Republican Maine Catholic[10][11]
Joe Donnelly, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Joe Donnelly Democrat Indiana Catholic[12][13]
Richard Durbin official photo.jpg Dick Durbin Democrat Illinois Catholic[14][15]
SenatorGillibrandpic.jpg Kirsten Gillibrand Democrat New York Catholic[16][17]
Tom Harkin official portrait.jpg Tom Harkin Democrat Iowa Catholic[18][19]
Heidi Heitkamp official portrait 113th Congress.jpg Heidi Heitkamp Democrat North Dakota Catholic[20][21]
John Hoeven, Official Senate Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg John Hoeven Republican North Dakota Catholic[22][23]
Mike Johanns official Senate photo.jpg Mike Johanns Republican Nebraska Catholic[24][25]
Tim Kaine, official 113th Congress photo portrait.jpg Tim Kaine Democrat Virginia Catholic[26][27]
Mary Landrieu Senate portrait.jpg Mary Landrieu Democrat Louisiana Catholic[28][29]
Leahy2009.jpg Patrick Leahy Democrat Vermont Catholic[30][31]
Joe Manchin official portrait 112th Congress.jpg Joe Manchin Democrat West Virginia Catholic[17][32]
Edward Markey, official portrait, 114th Congress.jpg Ed Markey Democrat Massachusetts Catholic[33][34]
Robert Menendez, official Senate photo.jpg Bob Menendez Democrat New Jersey Catholic[35][36]
Claire McCaskill, Official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Claire McCaskill Democrat Missouri Catholic[37][38]
Barbara Mikulski.jpg Barbara Mikulski Democrat Maryland Catholic[39][40]
Lisa Murkowski.jpg Lisa Murkowski Republican Alaska Catholic[41][42]
Patty Murray, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Patty Murray Democrat Washington Catholic[43][44]
Jack Reed, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Jack Reed Democrat Rhode Island Catholic[45][46]
Jim Risch official portrait.jpg Jim Risch Republican Idaho Catholic[47][48]
Marco Rubio, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Marco Rubio Republican Florida Catholic[49][50]
Pat Toomey, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Pat Toomey Republican Pennsylvania Catholic[51][52]
David Vitter-112th congress-.jpg David Vitter Republican Louisiana Catholic[53][54]

Christian[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
John Walsh, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg John Walsh Democrat Montana Christian[55]

Presbyterian[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
LamarAlexander.jpg Lamar Alexander Republican Tennessee Presbyterian[56][57]
John Barrasso official portrait 112th Congress.jpg John Barrasso Republican Wyoming Presbyterian[58][59]
Thomas Carper.jpg Tom Carper Democrat Delaware Presbyterian[60][61]
Chris Coons, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Chris Coons Democrat Delaware Presbyterian[62][63]
Dan Coats, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Dan Coats Republican Indiana Presbyterian[64][65]
Mike Enzi, official portrait, 111th Congress.jpg Mike Enzi Republican Wyoming Presbyterian[66][67]
Deb Fischer, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Deb Fischer Republican Nebraska Presbyterian[68][69]
Kay Hagan official photo.jpg Kay Hagan Democrat North Carolina Presbyterian[70][71]
Jim Inhofe, official photo portrait, 2007.jpg Jim Inhofe Republican Oklahoma Presbyterian[72][73]
Rand Paul, official portrait, 112th Congress alternate.jpg Rand Paul Republican Kentucky Presbyterian[74][75]
Jay Rockefeller official photo.jpg Jay Rockefeller Democrat West Virginia Presbyterian[76][77]
Richard Shelby, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Richard Shelby Republican Alabama Presbyterian[78][79]
Mark Warner, official 111th Congress photo portrait.jpg Mark Warner Democrat Virginia Presbyterian[80][81]

Jewish[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
Richard Blumenthal Official Portrait.jpg Richard Blumenthal Democrat Connecticut Judaism[82][83]
Barbara Boxer, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Barbara Boxer Democrat California Judaism[84][85]
Ben Cardin, official Senate photo portrait.jpg Ben Cardin Democrat Maryland Judaism[86][87]
Dianne Feinstein, official Senate photo 2.jpg Dianne Feinstein Democrat California Judaism[88][89]
Al Franken Official Senate Portrait.jpg Al Franken Democrat Minnesota Judaism[90][91]
Carl Levin official portrait.jpg Carl Levin Democrat Michigan Judaism[92][93]
Bernie Sanders.jpg Bernie Sanders Independent Vermont Judaism[94][95]
Brian Schatz official portrait.jpg Brian Schatz Democrat Hawaii Judaism[96][97]
Charles Schumer official portrait.jpg Chuck Schumer Democrat New York Judaism[98][99]
Ron Wyden official photo.jpg Ron Wyden Democrat Oregon Judaism[100][101]

Baptist/Southern Baptist[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
Roy Blunt, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Roy Blunt Republican Missouri Baptist[102][103]
Cory Booker Senate.jpg Cory Booker Democrat New Jersey Baptist[104]
John Boozman, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg John Boozman Republican Arkansas Baptist[105][106]
Tom Coburn official portrait 112th Congress.jpg Tom Coburn Republican Oklahoma Baptist[107][108]
CochranThad(R-MS).jpg Thad Cochran Republican Mississippi Baptist[109][110]
Ted Cruz, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Ted Cruz Republican Texas Baptist[111][112]
Lindsey Graham, Official Portrait 2006.jpg Lindsey Graham Republican South Carolina Baptist[113][114]
Sen Chuck Grassley official.jpg Chuck Grassley Republican Iowa Baptist[115][116]
John McCain official portrait 2009.jpg John McCain Republican Arizona Baptist[117][118]
Sen Mitch McConnell official.jpg Mitch McConnell Republican Kentucky Baptist[119][120]
SenatorRogerWicker(R-MS).jpg Roger Wicker Republican Mississippi Baptist[121][122]

Methodist/United Methodist[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
Richard Burr Official Picture 2.jpg Richard Burr Republican North Carolina Methodist[123][124]
Johnny Isakson.jpg Johnny Isakson Republican Georgia Methodist[125][126]
Jerry Moran, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Jerry Moran Republican Kansas Methodist[127][128]
Rob Portman, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Rob Portman Republican Ohio Methodist[129][130]
Pat Roberts official photo.jpg Pat Roberts Republican Kansas Methodist[131][132]
Jeff Sessions official portrait.jpg Jeff Sessions Republican Alabama Methodist[133][134]
Elizabeth Warren--Official 113th Congressional Portrait--.jpg Elizabeth Warren Democrat Massachusetts Methodist[135][136]
Debbie Stabenow, official portrait.jpg Debbie Stabenow Democrat Michigan Methodist[137][138]

Mormon/The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church)[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
Mike Crapo Official Photo 110th Congress.jpg Mike Crapo Republican Idaho Mormon[139][140]
Jeff Flake, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Jeff Flake Republican Arizona Mormon[141][142]
Orrin Hatch, official 110th Congress photo.jpg Orrin Hatch Republican Utah Mormon[143][144]
Dean Heller, Official Senate Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Dean Heller Republican Nevada Mormon[145][146]
Mike Lee official portrait 112th Congress.jpg Mike Lee Republican Utah Mormon[147][148]
Harry Reid official portrait 2009.jpg Harry Reid Democrat Nevada Mormon[149][150]
Tom Udall portrait.jpg Tom Udall Democrat New Mexico Mormon[151][152]

Lutheran[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
Sherrod Brown official photo 2009.jpg Sherrod Brown Democrat Ohio Lutheran[153][154]
Martin Heinrich, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Martin Heinrich Democrat New Mexico Lutheran[155][156]
Tim Johnson official portrait, 2009.jpg Tim Johnson Democrat South Dakota Lutheran[157][158]
Ron Johnson, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Ron Johnson Republican Wisconsin Lutheran[159][160]
Jeff Merkley, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Jeff Merkley Democrat Oregon Lutheran[161][162]
Tim Scott, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Tim Scott Republican South Carolina Lutheranism[163][164]

Protestant[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
Bobcorker.jpg Bob Corker Republican Tennessee Protestant[165][166]
Chris Murphy official portrait.jpg Chris Murphy Democrat Connecticut Protestant[167][168]
Jeanne Shaheen, official Senate photo portrait, 2009.jpg Jeanne Shaheen Democrat New Hampshire Protestant[169][170]
John Thune, official portrait, 111th Congress.jpg John Thune Republican South Dakota Protestant[171][172]

Episcopalian[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
Saxby Chambliss.jpg Saxby Chambliss Republican Georgia Episcopalian[173][174]
Angus King, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Angus King Independent Maine Episcopalian[175][176]
Bill Nelson.jpg Bill Nelson Democrat Florida Episcopalian[177][178]
Sheldon Whitehouse 2010.jpg Sheldon Whitehouse Democrat Rhode Island Episcopalian[179][180]

Buddhist[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
Mazie Hirono, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Mazie Hirono Democrat Hawaii Jōdo Shinshū Buddhism[181][182]

Church of Christ[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
John Cornyn official portrait, 2009.jpg John Cornyn Republican Texas Church of Christ[183][184]

Church of God[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
Jon Tester, official 110th Congress photo.jpg Jon Tester Democrat Montana Church of God[185][186]

United Church of Christ[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
Amy Klobuchar.jpg Amy Klobuchar Democrat Minnesota United Church of Christ[187][188]
Senator Mark Kirk official portrait.jpg Mark Kirk Republican Illinois United Church of Christ [1][189]

Unaffiliated[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation Notes
Tammy Baldwin, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Tammy Baldwin Democrat Wisconsin Unaffiliated[190][191] Baptized Episcopalian[192]
Michael Bennet Official Photo.jpg Michael Bennet Democrat Colorado Unaffiliated[193][194] Raised in both Jewish and Christian traditions.[195]
MarkUdall-Senate Portrait.jpg Mark Udall Democrat Colorado Unaffiliated[196][197] Raised Presbyterian

Compared with general population[edit]

The most basic breakdown of the above data indicates that 85% of the Senate is Christian (compared with 78%[198] of the population) and 10% of the Senate is Jewish (compared with 1.7% of the population).

The following list compares reported religious affiliations of U. S. Senators to religious statistics of the demographics of the United States of America:

  • Catholics are represented by 28% of the Senate for 25.9% of the population. (1.08×)
  • Baptists are represented by 10% of the Senate for 17.2% of the population. (0.58×)
  • Unaffiliated persons are represented by 3% of the Senate for 16.1% of the population. (0.19×)
  • Methodists are represented by 8% of the Senate for 7.2% of the population. (1.11×)
  • Lutherans are represented by 5% of the Senate for 4.6% of the population. (1.09×)
  • Presbyterians are represented by 13% of the Senate for 2.8% of the population. (4.64×)
  • Episcopalians are represented by 4% of the Senate for 1.8% of the population. (2.22×)
  • Jewish people are represented by 10% of the Senate for 1.7% of the population. (5.88×)
  • Latter-Day Saints are represented by 7% of the Senate for 1.4% of the population. (5.00×)
  • Muslims are represented by 0% of the Senate for 0.6% of the population. (0.00×)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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