|United States Senator
January 3, 2007
Serving with Al Franken
|Preceded by||Mark Dayton|
|County Attorney of Hennepin County|
|Preceded by||Michael O. Freeman|
|Succeeded by||Michael O. Freeman|
|Born||Amy Jean Klobuchar
May 25, 1960
|Alma mater||Yale University
University of Chicago
|Religion||United Church of Christ|
Amy Jean Klobuchar (//, born May 25, 1960) is the senior United States Senator from Minnesota. She is a member of the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party, an affiliate of the Democratic Party. She is the first woman to be elected as a senator for Minnesota and is one of twenty female senators serving in the 113th United States Congress.
She previously served as the county attorney for Hennepin County, Minnesota, the most populous county in Minnesota. She was a legal adviser to former Vice President Walter Mondale. She has been named by The New York Times as one of the seventeen women most likely to become the first female President of the United States, and by MSNBC as a possible nominee to the U.S. Supreme Court.
- 1 Early life, education, and career
- 2 U.S. Senate
- 3 Political positions
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Electoral history
- 6 Footnotes
- 7 External links
Early life, education, and career
Born in Plymouth, Minnesota, Klobuchar is the daughter of Rose Katherine (née Heuberger), who retired at age 70 from teaching second grade, and James John "Jim" Klobuchar, an author and a retired sportswriter and columnist for the Star Tribune. Jim Klobuchar's grandparents were Slovene immigrants and his father was a miner on the Iron Range; Amy's maternal grandparents were from Switzerland.
Klobuchar attended public schools in Plymouth and was valedictorian at Wayzata High School. She received her Bachelor's degree magna cum laude in political science from Yale University in 1982, where she was a member of the Yale College Democrats and the Feminist Caucus. Her senior thesis was published as Uncovering the Dome, a 150-page history describing the ten years of politics surrounding the building of the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Klobuchar served as an associate editor of the University of Chicago Law Review and received her Juris Doctor in 1985 at the University of Chicago Law School.
Klobuchar was elected as Hennepin County attorney in 1998, and re-elected in 2002 with no opposition. In 2001 Minnesota Lawyer named her "Attorney of the Year". Klobuchar was President of the Minnesota County Attorneys Association from November 2002 to November 2003. Besides working as a prosecutor, Klobuchar was a partner at the Minnesota law firms Dorsey & Whitney and Gray Plant Mooty before seeking public office.
In early 2005 Mark Dayton announced that he would not seek re-election to the U.S. Senate, and Klobuchar was recognized early as a favorite for the DFL nomination for the 2006 election. EMILY's List endorsed Klobuchar on September 29, 2005, and Klobuchar won the DFL's endorsement on June 9, 2006. Klobuchar gained the support of the majority of DFL state legislators in Minnesota during the primaries. A poll taken of DFL state delegates showed Klobuchar beating her then closest opponent, Patty Wetterling, 66% to 15%. In January, Wetterling dropped out of the race and endorsed Klobuchar. Former Senate candidate and prominent lawyer Mike Ciresi, who was widely seen as a serious potential DFL candidate, indicated in early February that he would not enter the race; that removal of her most significant potential competitor for the DFL nomination was viewed as an important boost for Klobuchar.
In the general election, Klobuchar faced Republican candidate Mark Kennedy, Independence Party candidate Robert Fitzgerald, Constitution candidate Ben Powers, and Green Party candidate Michael Cavlan. Klobuchar consistently led Kennedy in the polls throughout the campaign. Klobuchar won with 58% of the vote to Kennedy's 38% and Fitzgerald's 3%, carrying all but eight of Minnesota's 87 counties. Klobuchar became the first woman to be elected as the U.S. Senator from Minnesota. (Muriel Humphrey, the state's first female senator and former Second Lady of the United States, was appointed to fill her husband's unexpired term and not elected.)
Klobuchar faced State Representative Kurt Bills and won a second term to the U.S. Senate. She won convincingly, receiving 65.2% of the votes compared to 30.6% for Bills.
As of September 2009, 58% of Minnesotans approved of the job she was doing, with 36% disapproving. On March 12, 2010, Rasmussen Reports indicated 67% of Minnesotans approved of the job she was doing. The Winona Daily News described her as a "rare politician who works across the aisle." Walter Mondale stated “She has done better in that miserable Senate than most people there."
On March 30, 2008, Klobuchar announced her endorsement of Senator Barack Obama in the Democratic presidential primary, promising her unpledged superdelegate vote for him. She cited Obama's performance in the Minnesota caucuses, where he won with 66% of the popular vote, as well as her own "independent judgment."
For the 111th Congress, Klobuchar is assigned to the following committees:
- Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry
- Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation
- Committee on the Judiciary
- Joint Economic Committee
- Impeachment Trial Committee on the Articles against Judge G. Thomas Porteous, Jr.
As a Democrat, Klobuchar's political positions have generally been in line with modern liberalism in the United States. She is pro-choice, supports LGBT rights, favors federal social services such as Social Security and universal health care, and was critical of the Iraq War.
In March 2007, Klobuchar went on an official trip to Iraq with Senate colleagues Sheldon Whitehouse, John E. Sununu, and Lisa Murkowski. Klobuchar noted that U.S. troops were completing their job and working arduously to train the Iraqis.
Klobuchar opposed President George W. Bush's plan to increase troop levels in Iraq in January 2007. In May 2007, after president Bush vetoed a bill (which Klobuchar voted for) that would fund the troops but would impose time limits on the Iraq War, and supporters failed to garner enough congressional votes to override his veto, Klobuchar voted for additional funding for Iraq without such time limits, saying she "simply could not stomach the idea of using our soldiers as bargaining chips".
Klobuchar opposes free trade agreements that some perceive to cause a loss of jobs in the U.S.; however, she has wavered on her opposition to such trade agreements since her election. A current trade agreement with Peru may achieve her support on grounds of expanded labor and environmental protections, even though they contain the same language as past trade agreements.
In August 2007, Klobuchar was one of only 16 Democratic senators and 41 Democratic house members to vote in favor of the "Protect America Act of 2007", which was widely seen as eroding the civil liberty protections of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act and posing difficult questions relative to the Fourth Amendment. Klobuchar did however, vote against granting legal immunity to telecom corporations that cooperated with the NSA warrantless surveillance program.
During the hearing of U.S. Supreme Court nominee Elena Kagan, Klobuchar sparred with Senator Tom Coburn when he questioned the nominee about his perception that Americans were "losing freedom." Klobuchar argued that the "free society" the senator favored was one in which women were underrepresented in government, including no representation on the Supreme Court or the Senate Judiciary Committee.
In 2011, Klobuchar introduced S.978, the Commercial Felony Streaming Act, a bill that would make unauthorized streaming of copyrighted material for the purpose of "commercial advantage or personal financial gain" a felony under US copyright law. Backed by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and praised by industry groups, the legislation has been enormously unpopular among critics who believe it would apply to those who stream or post videos of copyrighted content on public sites such as YouTube. Justin Bieber has on radio called for Klobuchar to be "locked up" for supporting a bill that would make "unauthorized web streaming of copyrighted material a felony".
Klobuchar voted for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in December 2009, and she voted for the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010. In December 2012, Klobuchar advocated to "repeal or reduce" the tax on medical devices included in the Affordable Care Act, as it would be harmful to businesses in her state. Despite this, on September 30, 2013, Klobuchar voted to remove a provision which would repeal the medical device tax from a government funding bill in opposition to the provision being used as a condition in keeping the government open.
Senator Klobuchar has been an active supporter of outdoor recreation legislation, including the Recreational Trails Program (RTP) and the Travel Promotion Act. When the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee passed MAP-21, legislation ending the 1991 user pay-user benefit provision for RTP, trail interests and state park officials warned that the new policy could effectively end the program by relegating recreational trail projects to competition for funding among a broad category of authorized non-highway projects. Klobuchar led efforts to alter the proposal, working closely with recreation interests to develop a floor amendment that would reauthorize the RTP program unchanged. Although she faced bipartisan leadership in support of the committee’s proposal, Klobuchar managed to secure acceptance of her new language by the legislation’s floor manager, and she won strong bipartisan support for her amendment. The result was Senate passage in early 2012 of new surface transportation legislation, which continued RTP with $85 million in guaranteed annual funds and no significant change in its operations.
As chair of the Subcommittee on Competitiveness, Innovation, and Export Promotion, Klobuchar continued to champion vital recreation programs. She played a key role in the 2010 passage of the Travel Promotion Act and the creation of Brand USA, an advertising effort to recover the traditional U.S. share of the international tourism market that will highlight national parks and their natural treasures. With Klobuchar’s active support, the program has been granted $100 million per annum in matching federal funding, is widely expected to bring millions of additional visitors and billions of dollars to the U.S. and its parks each year, and has become the focus of a major White House initiative.
On June 6, 2012, Klobuchar received the Sheldon Coleman Great Outdoors Award, the recreation community's most prestigious award, at a special Great Outdoors Week celebration presented by the American Recreation Coalition. The award, created in 1989 to honor the lifelong efforts of Sheldon Coleman, is presented to individuals whose personal efforts have contributed substantially to enhancing outdoor experiences across America. The winner is selected by a panel of 100 national recreation community leaders, ranging from corporate executives to key federal and state officials and nonprofit organization community leaders. Sen. Klobuchar is the fifth woman, and the first woman serving in Congress, to receive the honor.
As Attorney of Hennepin County, Senator Klobuchar was a strong advocate for Minnesota’s first felony driving while intoxicated law. Klobuchar also focused on the prosecution of violent and career criminals while serving as County Attorney.
Through the examination of several investigative methods Klobuchar worked to ensure that those who were innocent would not be mistaken to be guilty. Looking at a paper on a pilot project for eyewitness identification it is visible that Klobuchar is concerned with establishing the most accurate methods for determining guilt, or innocence. In this paper Klobuchar and Lindell suggest five procedures to minimize eyewitness misidentification.
The first procedure is the use of double-blind line up administration. This is a method in which the individual who shows the victim identification images of possible suspects, or the photographic line-up, does not have any knowledge of the identity of the suspect. Double-blind line-up administration is used to avoid suggestive measures. This would ensure that there could be no influence on the witness, allowing them to generate a response independently.
Next it is necessary that the witness’ statement of certainty be documented at the time of the identification. If statement is taken later feedback may over inflate confidence. Judgment is considered as most accurate at initial identification. This is procedure is essential in acquiring reliable information from the witness.
Another recommended procedure is the effective use of fillers, which are non-suspect individuals who are present in the line. Fillers should closely match the description of the witness as much, if not more than the suspect. The reason for this is to prevent obvious distinction. The suspect should not easily be set apart from the other individuals present in the line-up, and a strong resemblance should enforce the necessary examination by the witness.
Furthermore, the witness should be advised that there is a possibility that the suspect is not present in the line-up. This procedure should be used in order to promote the use of process of elimination, rather than relative judgment. Relative judgment is the process by which the witness selects the individual most closely matching their recollection because they assume that the suspect must be present. Being aware of the possibility that the suspect may not be present, will promote the idea that it is acceptable if the witness does not find the suspect in the line-up, and that they do no have to choose the “next best thing.”
Finally, the last procedure recommended by Senator Klobuchar and Hilary Lindell is that of sequential presentation. This should be used when presenting the line-up of photographs. Allowing the witness to look at each image one at a time will promote the use of absolute judgment rather than relative judgment.
Klobuchar's husband John Bessler is a private practice attorney and a professor at the University of Baltimore School of Law; a native of Mankato, Bessler attended Loyola High School and is a graduate of the University of Minnesota. Klobuchar and Bessler were married in 1993 and have a daughter, Abigail Klobuchar Bessler, who was born in 1995.
|United States Senate election in Minnesota, 2012 |
|DFL||Amy Klobuchar (incumbent)||1,854,595||65.23||+7.1|
|Open Progressive||Michael Cavlan||13,986||0.49||n/a|
|United States Senate election in Minnesota, 2006|
Note: The ±% column reflects the change in total number of votes won by each party from the previous election.
Hennepin County Attorney
|Hennepin County Attorney election, 2002|
|Hennepin County Attorney election, 1998|
|Nonpartisan||Sheryl Ramstad Hvass||219,676||49.4|
- Senate Web site (2007). "U.S. Senator for Minnesota Amy Klobuchar: Biography". Archived from the original on February 21, 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-23.
- Zernike, Kate (2008-05-18). "She Just Might Be President Someday". New York Times.
- Curry, Tom. "Practical female politico sought for court - Politics - Capitol Hill - msnbc.com". MSNBC. Retrieved 2010-07-20.
- 1982 Yale Banner, p. 394.
- Klobuchar, Amy (April 1986). Uncovering the Dome (reprint ed.). Waveland Press. ISBN 0-88133-218-6.
- The Fix – The Friday Line: Can Democrats Get to 6?. Retrieved October 2, 2006.
- Full list of poll results at Minnesota United States Senate election, 2006#Polling
- "SurveyUSA News Poll #15748". Surveyusa.com. Retrieved 2010-07-20.
- Buoen, Roger. "Klobuchar to endorse Obama". MinnPost.com. Archived from the original on 18 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-31.
- "Senate Leaders Announce Bipartisan Committee To Investigate Judge G. Thomas Porteous" (Press release). Senate Democratic Caucus. 2010-03-17. Archived from the original on 5 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-29.
- "Klobuchar said she saw gains in the training of Iraqi police in Anbar Province's capital city.". klobuchar.senate.gov. Star Tribune (republished on Senate.gov). 27 March 2007. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
- Diaz, Kevin (2007-01-08). "Minnesota delegation offers cool response". Star Tribune. Archived from the original on October 21, 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-09.
- U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote
- "Senator Klobuchar Statement on Emergency Supplemental Bill Passage". klobuchar.senate.gov. US Senate. 27 May 2007. Archived from the original on 25 July 2007. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
- Microsoft Word - Document27
- John Dean (2007-08-10). "The So-Called Protect America Act: Why Its Sweeping Amendments to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act Pose Not Only a Civil Liberties Threat, But a Greater Danger As Well". Archived from the original on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-14.
- Prof. Marty Lederman (2007-08-23). "How Many Americans Might Be Under Surveillance?". Retrieved 2007-09-14.
- "110th Congress / Senate / 2nd session / Vote 15". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 15 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes on Passage of the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008". The U.S. Senate. Archived from the original on 6 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- Edwards, Stassa (July 4, 2010). "Not-So-Subtle Sexism at the Kagan Hearings". Ms. Magazine blog. Archived from the original on 12 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-05.
- "URGENT: Congress Wants to Make Streaming a Felony". Demand Progress. Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. Retrieved August 3, 2011.
- "Tons Of YouTube Users Putting Up Videos In Protest To S.978". July 6, 2011. Techdirt. Archived from the original on 10 July 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
- Justin Bieber: Klobuchar should be 'locked up' (Minnesota Star Tribune)
- "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. Archived from the original on 4 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 113th Congress – 1st Session: Vote 210". Legislation & Records. United States Senate. Retrieved 2013-09-30.
- Kevin Diaz (September 30, 2013). "Complicated shutdown votes for key Minnesotans". StarTribune.
- "Biography". Retrieved 2013-05-06. (official Senate webpage, 2013)
- (Klobuchar&Lindell 2005)
- (Klobuchar& Lindell 2005)
- Klobuchar, Amy and Hilary Lindell. 2005. “Protecting the Innocent/Convicting the Guilty: Hennepin County’s Pilot Project in Blind Sequential Eyewitness Identification.” William Mitchell Law Review 32(1) 1-27. http://heinonline.org.ezproxy.library.uvic.ca/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/wmitch32&collection=journals&page=1
- "A Minnesota Leader Who Makes a Difference". Retrieved September 19, 2012.
- "Statewide Results for U.S. Senator". sos.state.mn.us. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
- "Unofficial Results: General Election". Minnesota Secretary of State. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- "County Offices: Official Results". Minnesota Secretary of State. Archived from the original on 17 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-05.[dead link]
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Amy Klobuchar.|
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Amy Klobuchar|
- Senator Amy Klobuchar official U.S. Senate site
- Amy Klobuchar for Senate
- Amy Klobuchar at DMOZ
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
- Minnesota Public Radio — Campaign 2006: Amy Klobuchar collected news coverage and commentary
|County Attorney of Hennepin County
|Party political offices|
|Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Minnesota
|United States Senate|
|U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Minnesota
Served alongside: Norm Coleman, Al Franken
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
as U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Missouri
|Order of Precedence of the United States||Succeeded by
as U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Rhode Island