Rondônia ( Portuguese pronunciation: [ʁõˈdõniɐ] ) is a [2 ] state in Brazil, located in the north-western part of the country. To the west is a short border with the state of Acre, to the north is the state of Amazonas, in the east is Mato Grosso, and in the south is Bolivia. Its capital is Porto Velho. The state was named after Candido Rondon.
Geography [ edit ]
Rondonia was originally home to over 200,000 km2 of
rainforest, but has become one of the most deforested places in the Amazon. By 2003 around 70,000 km2 of rainforest had been cleared. [3 ]
The area around the
Guaporé River is part of the Beni savanna ecoregion. [4 ]
Samuel Dam is located in the state, on the Jamari River. [5 ]
Demographics [ edit ]
According to the
IBGE of 2008, there were 1,519,000 people residing in the state. The population density was 6.6 inh./km². Urbanization: 66.8% (2004); Population growth: 2.2% (1991-2000); Houses: 430,747 (2005). [6 ]
The last PNAD (National Research for Sample of Domiciles) census revealed the following numbers: 832,000
Brown ( Multiracial) people (54.81%), 546,000 White people (35.95%), 115,000 Black people (7.56%), 16,000 Asian people (1.08%), 8,000 Amerindian people (0.53%). [7 ]
Major cities (2014) [ edit ]
Porto Velho 494,013
Rolim de Moura 55,807
Ouro Preto do Oeste 40,010
Pimenta Bueno 37,830
Native Brazilians [ edit ]
Indigenous Territories in Rondônia.
As of 2011
Indigenous Territories in Rondônia, with two more in process of being demarcated. The largest of these, the [8 ] Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau Indigenous Territory, covers over 1.8 million hectares. Another, the [9 ] Rio Omerê Indigenous Territory, is home to the Kanoê and Akuntsu people. Both tribes were the victims of massacres by cattle ranchers in the 1970s and 1980s and currently number just four and five individuals respectively. [10 ] [11 ]
there were 21
Infrastructure [ edit ]
International Airport [ edit ]
Porto Velho/Governador Jorge Teixeira de Oliveira International Airport.
Belmonte Airport is located in the state capital of Porto Velho. [12 ]
Port is connecting Porto Velho to Humaitá, Manicoré and Manaus.
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
Coordinates: 10°54′S 62°46′W / 10.90°S 62.76°W