São Vicente, São Paulo
Brazil's first village
Cellula-Mater of Nationality
Birthplace of Democracy in the Americas
Location of São Vicente
|• Mayor||Luís Cláudio Bili|
|• Total||148 km2 (57 sq mi)|
|Elevation||6 m (20 ft)|
|• Density||2,186.48/km2 (5,663.0/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (UTC-3)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-2 (UTC-2)|
|HDI (2000)||0,798 – medium|
|Website||São Vicente City|
São Vicente (after Saint Vincent of Saragossa, the patron Saint of Lisbon, Portugal) is a coastal municipality at southern São Paulo, Brazil. Its population in 2010 (IBGE census) was 332,445 inhabitants.
It was the first Portuguese permanent settlement in the Americas and the first capital of the Captaincy of São Vicente, roughly the present state of São Paulo. Established as a proper village in 1532 by Martim Afonso de Sousa on what was then the Porto dos Escravos ("Port of the Slaves"), operated by three Portuguese colonists who trafficked on slaves captured by allied tribes, São Vicente is titled Cellula Mater (Mother Cell) of Brazil for being the first organized town in the country. The first City Council of all the Americas was democratically elected and established in São Vicente on August 22, 1532.
Today's city is located on the western half of coastal São Vicente Island, being mostly a bedroom community for the larger and wealthier neighbouring port and commercial city of Santos on the island's eastern half. A small north-south hill range separates for the most part the two cities' urban areas, but they are contiguous in the north and on a narrow beach strip in the south. São Vicente also has a small fishing industry in its portion on the mainland, where there are a few small settlements.
A suspension bridge linking the island to Praia Grande on the mainland was first constructed in 1914; a second link, the Mar Pequeno Bridge, was opened in 1981. São Vicente is linked to the capital city of São Paulo by the Imigrantes Highway and to the southern coast by the Manuel da Nóbrega Highway.
It is the birthplace of soccer player Robinho.
Twin towns — Sister cities
São Vicente is twinned with:
- "Do Litoral ao Planalto". História do Brasil: Área Vicentina.
- Lawrence, Rachel (January 2010). Alyse Dar, ed. Brazil (Seventh ed.). Apa Publications GmbH & Co. / Discovery Channel. pp. 183–204.
- (Portuguese) São Vicente's official home page
- (Portuguese) Portal Nosso São Paulo
- (Portuguese) São Vicente São Paulo Brazil
||Cubatão, São Paulo and São Bernardo do Campo|
|Mongaguá and Praia Grande||Santos|