Air Force of El Salvador

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Salvadoran Air Force
El Salvador Air force Badge.svg
El Salvador Air force badge
Active 20 March 1923-present
Country El Salvador
Branch Air Force
Role "To defend state sovereignty and integrity of the national airspace. Support surface forces in fulfilling their respective missions, contribute to maintaining internal peace, provide disaster relief and assisting national efforts in welfare works public ".
Size 68 aircraft in service
Nickname Air Force El Salvador.
Colors blue and white
Engagements Honduras and Salvadorian conflict 1969, El Salvador civil war (1979-1992)
Insignia
Roundel Tumb

The Salvadoran Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Salvadoreña) is the air force of the Armed Forces of El Salvador, and is independent from the army and navy.

Early history[edit]

The Salvadoran Army Air Force (Spanish: Fuerza Aérea Ejército de Salvador) was formed on 20 March 1923 during a period of heavy interest in aviation in El Salvador. In 1947 after signing the treaty of Rio (which was a mutual defence treaty among the states of America including the USA), El Salvador with a US air mission and increased transferes of aircraft El Salvador built up a large force of aircraft.[clarification needed]

Recent operations[edit]

IAI Arava 201 of the Salvadorean Air Force in 1975
Douglas DC-6B of the Fuerza Aerea Salvadorena at Miami in 1975

The Salvadoran Air Force first saw action in the 1969 Football war against Honduras equipped with F4U Corsairs and P-51 Mustangs. From the late 1970s isolated guerilla actions rapidly developed into a civil war, US aid to El Savador in 1980 consisted of six UH-1Hs and four in 1981; they were used as gunships. Other deliveries brought that number up to 40 UH-1Hs in service.In February 1982 onwards the USA delivered eight A-37B Dragonflies, 12 UH-1Hs, four O-2As and three C-123Ks. In celebration of the 189th anniversary of the Armed Forces of El Salvador, 6 May 2013 the Salvadoran Government, announced the planned purchase of 10 A-37 aircraft from Chile.[1]

A four-engined Douglas DC-6B provided longer range logistical capability between 1975 and its retirement in 1998. It was used on supply flights to and from the United States.[2] In December 1984 two AC-47s were delivered to be in service with the other three C-47s in use. The civil war ended in mutual exhaustion in 1990 and the airforce was geared for internal security.

Aircraft inventory[edit]

Aircraft Origin Type Versions Dates In service Notes
Cessna T-41 Mescalero  United States Trainer T-41D 1 FAS 95 Aircraft reconnaissance and patrol
ENAER T-35 Pillan[3]  Chile Trainer T-35A
T-35B
1
3
EAM/FAS 70,71,72,74 Training Aircraft
Fouga Magister[3]  France Jet trainer 1 FAS 510 Aircraft out of service since 2004
C-47D transport[4]  United States Military transport aircraft 3 FAS 106,109 and 124 are part of military aviation museum.
Basler BT-67[3]  United States Tactical Transport 2 FAS 116 commissioned in early January 2014, 118 is expected to be commissioned later this year.
IAI Arava 202[3]  Israel Transport 2 FAS 801,803
UH-1H[3]  United States Utility helicopter UH-1H 8 FAS 208,215,261,283,290,292,297,300
Bell UH-1M[5]  United States Utility helicopter and Attack helicopter, El Salvador is the only country that have both male and female pilots who fly the UH-1M 1 FAS 228
Bell 412[3]  United States Utility helicopter 412EP 4 One is occupied by the presidency of El Salvador, modifications (VIP) FAS-250,252,253,254
MD Helicopters Hughes 500E[3]  United States Utility/Assault/Armed Recon helicopter MD 500 "E" and MD 500 "D" 8 500E 8, 3 MD 500E 2012 New and 5 1984 500E FAS 38,42,45,46,47,48,49,50.
Schweizer 300[3]  United States Utility helicopter 300C 2 EAM/FAS 151,153
Bell 206LIII[3]  United States Utility helicopter 1 Taken by the presidency of El Salvador YS-1001N
Bell 407[3]  United States Utility helicopter 1 Taken by the presidency of El Salvador
Learjet 45[4]  United States transport VIP aircraft 1 N56LF
Cessna 210[3]  United States Utility 2 YS-11N, YS-12N All out of service since 1996
Socata Rallye[3]  France utility Rallye 235G 2 FAS 61,63
Cessna O-2 Skymaster[3]  United States Liaison 337G
O-2A
O-2B
1
7
1
FAS 608,610,613,617,620,621,622,624,625
Cessna A-37 Dragonfly[3]  United States Attack A-37B 16 Active Cessna OA/A-37B FAS 421,424,425,427,432,434,435,436,437,438,439,440,441,442,443,444 stored FAS 422,428,433. 10 ex Chilean Air Force examples where received on 31 March 2014, official presentation was held on 7 May 2014 during the armed forces day.

[4] [6] [7]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Eastwood A.B. and Roach J.R., Piston Engined Airliner Production List, 2007, The Aviation Hobby Shop
  • World Aircraft information files Brightstar publishing London File 342 sheet 2

External links[edit]