National Air Force of Angola
|National Air Force of Angola
Força Aérea Nacional Angolana
Angolan Air Force emblem
|Active||21 January 1976 –|
|General||Francisco Lopes Gonçalves Afonso|
|Attack||Su-25, Su-22, Mi-24/35|
|Fighter||Su-27, MiG-23, MiG-21|
|Patrol||Fokker F27, EMB-110|
|Trainer||Yak-11, PC-7, Tucano|
|Transport||L-100, An-12, An-26, C.212, Mi-8|
The National Air Force of Angola (Portuguese: Força Aérea Nacional Angolana, FANA) is the air branch of the Armed Forces of Angola. Angola became independent from Portugal on 11 November 1975. However, the foundations for the establishment of the air force were laid before independence when members of the then Flying Club of Angola were assembled at Luanda in October 1975. These people and aircraft left behind by the Portuguese Air Force formed the basis for the air transport branch of the force.
The force was formally established on 21 January 1976 as the People's Air and Air Defence Force of Angola (Força Aérea Popular de Angola/Defesa Aérea e Antiaérea (FAPA/DAA)). Its first batch of Soviet MiG fighter aircraft was delivered in mid-December 1975. The FAPA/DAA fought several battles with South African Air Force aircraft in November 1981, October 1982, and twice in September 1987.
Circa 1983-85, in order to enhance MPLA's combat capacity, Romania sent 150 flight instructors and other aviation personnel, who contributed to the establishment of an Angolan Military Aviation School.
The FAN has bases at Luanda, Belas, Luena, Kuito, Lubango and Namibe, often referred to by its pre-1985 name of Mocamedes. The World Factbook, produced by the CIA, reported that by 2007 the name of the force had changed to "National Air Force".
Most of the inventory is out of service, and refers to historical equipment delivered along the years. FAN has many bases – most of them, former Portuguese Air Force bases and other courtesy of the cold war – but few airplanes that actually fly. The main body of the active air force is made of transport/cargo planes, used for moving supplies, equipment and personnel between parts of the country.
Accidents and incidents
On 14 September 2011, an Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia, operated by the Angolan Air Force, crashed just after takeoff from Nova Lisboa Airport, killing 11 army officers (including three generals, among them Kalias Pedro) and six civilians. The accident occurred at 11:30 am at the airport, with a military delegation on board the flight at Albano Machado Airport.
- Cooper, Tom & Weinert, Peter (2010). African MiGs: Volume I: Angola to Ivory Coast. Harpia Publishing LLC. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-9825539-5-4.
- Cooper and Weinert 2010, 52, 54, 60.
- "Non official site with history of FAN" (in Portuguese). fanangola.webnode.pt. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- "World Air Forces 2015 pg. 10". Flightglobal Insight. 2015. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
- "Angolan Air Force embraer crash". .flightglobal.com. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
- "Accident Description". Aviation Safety Network. 14 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
- "Angola: Huambo air force plane crash kills generals". BBC News. 15 September 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2012
- "Angola army says 17 killed in air crash". Dawn.com. 14 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
- "17 Killed in Wednesday Air Force plane crash". Angola Press Agency. 15 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2011.