Qatar Armed Forces

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Qatar Armed Forces
Leadership
Commander-in-Chief Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
Minister of Defence Major General Hamad Bin Ali Al Attiyah
Chief of General Staff Major-General Ghanem bin Shaheen Al-Ghanem
Manpower
Military age 18 years of age
Available for
military service
Males aged 15–49: 306,850 (note: includes non-nationals (2000 est.)), age 15–49
Fit for
military service
Males age 15–49: 160,899 (2000 est.), age 15–49
Reaching military
age annually
Males: 6,471 (2000 est.)
Active personnel 11,800 total
*Army 8,500
*Navy 1,800
*Air Force 1,500
Expenditures
Budget US$ $816 million (FY99/00)
Percent of GDP 0.81% (FY99/00)
Related articles
History Gulf War
Libyan civil war

The Qatar Armed Forces are the military forces of Qatar. The country maintains a modest military force of approximately 11,800 men, including an army (8,500), navy (1,800) and air force (1,500). Qatar's defence expenditures accounted for approximately 4.2% of gross national product in 1993. Qatar has recently signed defence pacts with the United States in 2002[1] and 2013[2] and with the United Kingdom, as well as with France earlier in 1994. Qatar plays an active role in the collective defence efforts of the Gulf Cooperation Council; the other five members are Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, the UAE, and Oman. The presence of a large American military base in the country provides the country with a guaranteed source of defence and national security.

History[edit]

Qatar took part in the Gulf War of 1991, with a battalion at the Battle of Khafji. It also hosted the 614th Tactical Fighter Squadron at Doha.[3]

In July 2008, the US Defence Security Cooperation Agency announced Qatar’s official request for logistics support, training, and associated equipment and services. The total value of the support arrangements could be as high as $400 million.

In March 2011, Qatar announced the participation of its Air Force in the enforcement of the Libyan no-fly zone.[4]

Army[edit]

This is the largest branch of the Qatar Armed Forces. Qatar maintains a modest military force of approximately 11,800 men; the army is made of 8,500 men. The lack of sufficient indigenous manpower to staff the army is a continuing problem, Qatari citizens constitute only 30 percent of the army, in which more than twenty nationalities are represented.

Initially outfitted with British weaponry, Qatar shifted much of its procurement to France during the 1980s in response to French efforts to develop closer relations. The tank battalion is equipped with French-built AMX-30 main battle tanks. Other armored vehicles include French AMX-10P APCs and the French VAB, adopted as the standard wheeled combat vehicle. The artillery unit has a few French 155mm self-propelled howitzers. The principal antitank weapons are French Milan and HOT wire-guided missiles.

Qatar had also illicitly acquired a few Stinger shoulder-fired SAMs, possibly from Afghan rebel groups, at a time when the United States was trying to maintain tight controls on Stingers in the Middle East. When Qatar refused to turn over the missiles, the United States Senate in 1988 imposed a ban on the sale of all weapons to Qatar. The ban was repealed in late 1990 when Qatar satisfactorily accounted for its disposition of the Stingers.

Qatari tank battalion fought in the Gulf war in 1991, their AMX-30's took part in the battle of Khafji. Qatari contingent, composed mostly of Pakistani recruits, acquitted itself well during the war.

Qatar signed a contract with the German defence company Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) for the delivery of 24 artillery systems PzH 2000 and 62 LEOPARD 2 main battle tanks.[5]

The US DSCA announces that Qatar wants to join its neighbor the UAE, and field 2 medium-range THAAD batteries of its own.

Their request is worth up to $6.5 billion, and includes up to 12 THAAD Launchers, 150 THAAD missiles, 2 THAAD Fire Control and Communications units, 2 AN/TPY-2 THAAD Radars, and 1 Early Warning Radar (EWR). The USA would also sell them the required trucks, generators, electrical power units, trailers, communications equipment, fire unit test & maintenance equipment, system integration and checkout, repair and return, training, and other support.[6]

Major Army units[edit]

  • 1x Armored Brigade (1x armd battalion,1x mech battalion,1x arty battalion)
  • 4x Mechanized Battalions
  • 1x Royal Guard Brigade (3x Inf.battalions)
  • 1x Special Forces Battalion
  • 2x Artillery Battalions

Tanks and vehicles[edit]

Artillery and anti tank missiles[edit]

Surface to air missiles[edit]

Small arms[edit]

Qatar Emiri Air Force[edit]

Main article: Qatar Air Force

The Qatar Emiri Air Force was formed in 1974, three years after achieving independence from Great Britain in 1971. Initially equipped with ex-RAF Hawker Hunters, the air force soon began expansion with six Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jets in 1979. Fourteen Dassault Mirage F1 were delivered between 1980-84. After the Gulf War, Qatar's air force infrastructure was upgraded by France for $200 million, leading to the order of nine single seat Mirage 2000-5DEA multi-role combat aircraft and three two seat Mirage 2000-5DDA combat trainers in August 1994. Deliveries started in December 1997, and involved the buy back of the remaining 11 Mirage F1s by France that were later sold on to Spain.,[20] The current commander of the Qatar Emiri Air Force is Brigadier General Mubarak Mohammed Al Kumait Al Khayarin.

British pilots in Oman remain on duty with the air force, and French specialists are employed in a maintenance capacity. Nevertheless, an increasing number of young Qataris have been trained as pilots and technicians.

Its units include:

As of January 1993, all the air force's aircraft were based at Doha International Airport.[21]

Air Force equipment[edit]

Qatari Mirage F1
Qatari Dassault Mirage 2000 fighter jet flying over Libya during Military intervention
Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service Notes
Dassault Mirage 2000  France Multirole fighter Mirage 2000-5 14 Operated by the 7th Air Superiority Squadron, first delivery 1997
Boeing 737 AEW&C  United States Airborne early warning and control Boeing 737 AEW/C 0 3 on order[22]
Airbus A330 MRTT  Europe Aerial refuelling and transport A330 MRTT 0 2 on order[22]
Dassault Falcon 900  France VIP transport 2
Airbus 340  France VIP transport 2
Airbus 320
 France
transport

1

Airbus 310
 France
transport

1

Airbus 300
 France
transport

1
Boeing 747-SP
 United States
transport

2

Boeing C-17 Globemaster III  United States Strategic air transport C-17A 4

One aircraft operated by Qatar Amiri Flight, 4 Entered service between 2009-2012

Boeing 707  United States VIP transport 2
Boeing 727  United States VIP transport 1
Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules  United States Tactical air transport C-130J-30 4 All entered service in 2011
Piper Cherokee  United States Training and Liaison PA-28 Archer 10
Piper PA-34 Seneca  United States Training and Liaison PA-34 Seneca 4
Pilatus PC-21   Switzerland Basic & Advanced Trainer aircraft PC-21 0 24 on order[23]
Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet  France Advanced trainer/light attack Alpha Jet E 6 Operated by the 6th Close Support Squadron
Boeing AH-64 Apache  United States Attack helicopter AH-64D 0 24 on order[22]
NHIndustries NH90  Europe Medium transport NH-90 0 12 on order[22]
NHIndustries NH90  Europe Anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and Anti-surface unit warfare (ASuW) NFH-90 0 10 on order[24]
Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma
 France
Helicopter

12 (6 SA-330J+6 SA-332F Super-Puma\SA-532 Cougar)

Westland Lynx-HC28
 United Kingdom
Helicopter

3 (status unknown)

Aérospatiale Gazelle  France Utility/attack helicopter SA 342G (12)/L (2) 14 Operated by 6th Close Support Squadron
Sikorsky UH-60R Sea Hawk
 United States
ASW helicopter


6 ordered
AgustaWestland AW139  Italy 18 Tactical transport, 3 medivac 21
Sikorsky S-92  United States VIP transport 2
Westland Commando  United Kingdom Transport/utility and maritime patrol helicopter Commando 2A, 2C and 3 variants 12-13 Commando 2A/2C are operated by 9th Multirole Squadron

Commando 3 are operated by 8th Anti Surface Vessel Squadron

Historical Aircraft[edit]

Missiles[edit]

Other equipment:-[edit]

Future aircraft[edit]

  • In July 2008, Qatar’s Emiri Air Force signed a EUR 260 million (currently about $400 million) contract with AgustaWestland for 18 AW139 medium twin helicopters (formerly the AB139, until the Bell partnership dissolved in 2005).[25] The helicopters will be used for utility tasks, troop transport, search and rescue, border patrol, special forces operations, law enforcement and homeland security. Three additional aircraft were ordered in March 2011 for Medivac services.[26]
  • As of January 2011, the Air Force is evaluating the Eurofighter Typhoon, the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, the Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, the Boeing F-15E and the Dassault Rafale to replace its current fighter inventory of Dassault Mirage 2000-5s. The total order will be between 24–36 aircraft with a procurement decision to be made by the end of 2012.[27]

The Defense Security Cooperation Agency notified Congress April 16 of a possible Foreign Military Sale to Kuwait for 1 C-17 Globemaster III aircraft and associated equipment, parts, training and logistical support for an estimated cost of $371 million.[28]

Navy[edit]

Qatar has a small 1,800-man navy, including its marine police force and coastal defence artillery. Since 1990, the Qatari Navy has increased its manpower.

The navy headquarters is at Doha there is also a base at Halul island. The commander of the Navy is Commodore Mohammed Nasser al-Mohanadi.

Boats[edit]

Auxiliary[edit]

  • 2 Halmatic (Vosper Thornycroft) Pilot craft
  • 4 Rotrork craft

Special Maritime Forces[edit]

  • 11 fast interceptor boats  Qatar

Missiles and Equipment[edit]

Future Acquisitions[edit]

The patrol boat program calls for the delivery of six patrol boats with the first unit beginning construction in 2012 and being delivered by 2014. Although the proposals for the corvette program are due in the near-term as well, AMI believes that the four corvettes may not begin construction for several more years as Damen/Nakilat may want to gain some experience with the smaller 62-meter patrol boat hulls prior to moving on the larger Sigma hulls. If the QENF wishes to move the corvette program forward to an earlier date, it could start some of the hull blocks at Nakilat and/or at Damen in the Netherlands much earlier.[29]

The Qatar Coast Guard Services placed an order for 17 new fast patrol boast from Turkish company ARES Shipyard. The deal of 17 vessels consists in 10x "ARES 110 Hercules" multi-role patrol craft 117 tons, 5x "ARES 75 Hercules" multi-role patrol craft 58 tons and 2x "ARES 150 Hercules" multi-role patrol craft 245 tons. These Fast Patrol Boats will be constructed using advanced composite materials and are expected to be completed within the next 5 years.[30]

March 31, 2014. Nakilat Damen Shipyards Qatar (NDSQ) and Qatar Armed Forces have signed two MoUs for the construction of seven vessels at Qatar’s premier shipyard ($851 million). The MoUs signed by NDSQ and Qatar Armed Forces concern six 50m-long axe-bow high-speed patrol vessels and one 52m-long diving support vessel for the Qatar Armed Forces. All vessels are highly sophisticated state-of-the-art naval ships built based on proven designs providing unparalleled seaworthiness. The diving support vessel includes decompression capabilities. A large Integrated Logistic Support package is also mentioned in the MoUs.[31]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. and Qatar Sign Pact to Update Bases, December 12, 2002
  2. ^ Hagel Lifts Veil on Major Military Center in Qatar, New York Times
  3. ^ The Gulf War with the 401TFW/614TFS Lucky Devils. Lucky-devils.net. Retrieved on 2011-03-28.
  4. ^ Qatar premier defends military participation. gulfnews.com (2011-03-22). Retrieved on 2013-09-26.
  5. ^ http://www.defence-aerospace.com/article-view/release/144373/kmw-wins-%E2%82%AC1.9bn-contract-to-renew-qatari-armored-brigade.html
  6. ^ Gulf States Requesting ABM-Capable Systems
  7. ^ a b c d Qatar Orders 24 PzH 2000 Self-Propelled Howitzers and 62 Leopard 2 A7+ Main Battle Tanks - Deagel.com, April 18, 2013
  8. ^ http://www.defensenews.com/article/20130714/DEFREG04/307140005/Report-Qatar-Order-118-German-Battle-Tanks
  9. ^ "Qatar Qatari army land ground forces military equipment armoured armored vehicle intelligence UK - Army Recognition". Armyrecognition.com. 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  10. ^ a b "Piranha II 2 90 mm gun Qatar Qatari army pictures photos images combat anti-tank wheeled armoured UK - Army Recognition - Army Recognition". Armyrecognition.com. 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  11. ^ "The Wheeled Piranha Fighting Vehicle Family". Tanknutdave.com. 2011-11-24. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  12. ^ "VAB (Vehicule de l'Avant Blinde) Wheeled Armoured Fighting Vehicle". Army Technology. 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  13. ^ "Qatar orders 27 military vehicles from Renault". defenceWeb. 2011-12-12. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  14. ^ "Denel G5 155mm - Towed Howitzer - History, Specs and Pictures - Military Tanks, Vehicles and Artillery". Militaryfactory.com. 2012-03-14. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  15. ^ $23.9B in Deals Announced on Last Day of DIMDEX - Defensenews.com, 27 March 2014
  16. ^ http://www.defensenews.com/article/20140714/DEFREG04/307140029/US-Qatar-Buy-Patriot-Missiles-11B-Deal
  17. ^ Jane's Special Forces Recognition Guide, Ewen Southby-Tailyour (2005), p. 446
  18. ^ Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (January 27, 2009). ISBN 9780710628695
  19. ^ Gangarossa, Gene Jr. Heckler & Koch: Armorers of the Free World (2001)
  20. ^ Scramble on the Web – Qatar Emiri Air Force. Scramble.nl. Retrieved on 2011-03-28.
  21. ^ United Arab Emirates, Library of Congress Country Study, 1993
  22. ^ a b c d http://www.defensenews.com/article/20140327/DEFREG04/303270033/-23-9B-Deals-Announced-Last-Day-Dimdex
  23. ^ http://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/qatar-signs-deal-for-24-pilatus-pc-21s-374615/
  24. ^ http://www.defencetalk.com/qatar-to-buy-french-nh90-military-helicopters-59159/
  25. ^ Qatar Armed Forces Sign Contract for 18 AW139 Helicopters – ASDNews. Asd-network.com. Retrieved on 2011-03-28.
  26. ^ "The Qatar Armed Forces Order Three EMS-Configured AW139s" Agusta Westland 21 March 2011
  27. ^ "Qatar targets multibillion-dollar fighter jet deal". The National. 6 January 2011. 
  28. ^ http://www.defense-aerospace.com/article-view/release/144371/kuwait-to-buy-additional-c_17-for-%24371m.html
  29. ^ News | Doha international Maritime Defence Exhibition And Conference
  30. ^ http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1685
  31. ^ http://damensharjah.com/en/news/2014/03/qatar-armed-forces-sign-mou-for-qar-3_1bn

See also[edit]