List of Scouting memorials

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Scouting memorials)
Jump to: navigation, search

Throughout the world there are many Scouting memorials, monuments and gravesites.

Baden-Powell grave – Nyeri, Kenya, near Mount Kenya

Africa[edit]

Kenya[edit]

Asia[edit]

Nepal[edit]

Philippines[edit]

  • Manila – The Boy Scout Cenotaph near the entrance of Manila North Cemetery. A cenotaph also in memory of the Filipino scouts and scout masters who died in that plane crash in Bombay, India. It has marble plaques on its sides which donated by the different Scouting organizations around the world. Its feature is the huge Scout Sign with a cross inside its fingers.
  • Tacloban - a junction is named after the movement and a statue on the middlemost isle depicts a boy scout doing the scout sign. It is reported that this life-like sized statue is the oldest and the first boy scout monument in the Philippines. There is also another monument in a junction located near Palo.

Europe[edit]

Austria[edit]

Lower Austria[edit]

  • Saint George Chapel in Berndorf (German: Georgskapelle), erected by the Scout Group and Old Scout Guild of Berndorf, inaugurated on 19 October 1983.[5][6]
  • Commemorative plaque in Neulengbach, commemorating the first Scoutcamps of Austria in Neulengbach during World War I[7][8]
  • Commemorative stone in the Scoutcenter Strandburg Silbersee in Höflein,commemorating all deceased Scouts of the Österreichischer Pfadfinderbund[9]
  • Commemorative stone in Klosterneuburg, Buchberg, commemorating the National Jamboree in 1991[10]
  • Commemorative plaque in Neunkirchen, commemorating 100 years of Scouting on a place named Pfadfinderwiese[11]
  • Guild-Scout-Way (German: Gilde-Pfadfinder-Weg), Amstetten, Quarter Ulmerfeld, there is a Way of the Cross erected by the local Guild Scouts with paintings of the founder of the local Scout Group[12][13][14]
  • "Boy Scouts Street" (German: Pfadfinderweg) in Gloggnitz[15]
  • "Boy Scouts Street" (German: Pfadfinderweg) in Laa an der Thaya
  • "Boy Scouts Street" (German: Pfadfinderweg) in Amstetten
  • Commemorative stone in Gloggnitz, commemorating Johannes Österreicher. Johannes Österreicher founded the Scout group in Gloggnitz in 1928 and served as chaplain of this Catholic Scout group. The Commemorative stone was erected in June 2008 by the local Guild Scouts.[16]
  • Franz Renner Bridge(German: Franz Renner-Brücke) in the Scout Campsite in the Urltal, commemorating Franz Renner longtime Group Scoutmaster of Waidhofen an der Ybbs.[17]

Salzburg[edit]

  • Großarl,
    • "Europetable" (German: Europatisch) commemorating Robert Baden-Powell and the a United Europe[18]
    • "Heavenknot" (German: Himmelsknoten) – wooden reef knot with ISGF badge[18]
    • Scout Salute[18]
  • Commemorative stone in Oberndorf, commemorating all Scouts of the group, who died during World War II
  • Gravesite of Karl "Kara" Barteis, Anthering.[19][20]
  • Gravesite of Clemens Röbl OFM, Bruck an der Glocknerstraße Clemens Röbl was an important Scoutmaster for Catholic Scouting in Tyrol and Carinthia.[21]
  • "Boy Scouts Street" (German: Pfadfinderweg) in Salzburg, a street next to the house where Emmerich Teuber lived
  • Untersberg, there is a Gipfelkreuz (cross on the summit of a mountain), called Roverkreuz (Rover cross), erected in 1962. The cross was made by the Scout group Salzburg 6 Maxglan.[22] In 2012 a commemorative plaque for Schurli Sturm senior, one of the Scouts from Maxglan was added.[23]

Styria[edit]

  • Baden-Powell-Avenue (German: Baden-Powell-Allee), Graz[24]
  • Fürstenfeld,
    • "Boy Scouts Street" (German: Pfadfinderweg) in[25]
    • memorial commemorating the founder of the Scout group of the city Franz Schragen. The memorial was erected in 1978.[25]
  • Limberg bei Wies, Commemorative plaque in the yard of the Castle Limberg, commemorating Josef Dolschek. He was an important Scoutleader in Styria and administrator of the castle.[26]
  • Straß, Commemorative stone commemorating the first Scouting activities in Austria in 1909[27][28][29]

Tyrol[edit]

  • Innsbruck – a memorial for all deceased scouts of Tyrol, it is located at the Tummelplatz in Amras.[30]
  • Glotzen (a mountain near Wattens), there is a Gipfelkreuz (cross on the summit of a mountain) made by the Scout group of Wattens, Glotzen, erected in 1958. It shows a Fleur-de-lis.[31][32]
  • Malgrübler (a mountain in the Voldertal), there is a Gipfelkreuz called Scout cross (German: Pfadfinderkreuz). It was erected in 1957 commemorating the 100th birthday of the Founder from the Scout group of Hall in Tirol.[33][34]
  • Helm (a mountain in East Tyrol on the border to South Tyrol), there is a Gipfelkreuz erected in 1958, made by Josef Tschurtschenthaler and erected by Scouts from Germany, Italy, Switzerland, France, Spain, Belgium and the Netherlands.[35]
  • Gilfert (a mountain in the Tux Alps), there is a Gipfelkreuz, commemorating the Scout Hermann Scherer from the Scout group Innsbruck 7. He died on the Gilfert through an avalanche in January 1959. The cross was erected in October 1959.[36]

Upper Austria[edit]

Vienna[edit]

  • Commemorative plaque in Vienna, Apostelgasse 9, commemorating one of the first Austrian Scout troops[43][44]
  • Commemorative stone in Vienna, Rathauspark commemorating 10th World Conference of ISGF in 1973.[45]
  • Commemorative plaque in Vienna,Kahlenbergdörfl commemorating all deceased Austrian Scouts and Girl Guides[46]
  • Commemorative plaque in Vienna,Laxenburger Straße 111, commemorating one of the first Austrian Scout troops, founded in 1911 by the Hungarian priest Köhler.[47]
  • Gravesite of Emmerich Teuber and Wilhelm Teuber-Weckersdorf, Dornbacher Friedhof, Gruppe III, Grave Number 9, Vienna[48][49][50][51]
  • Gravesite of the Scoutmaster Karl Ludwig "Karolus" Slonek, Zentralfriedhof, Gate III, Gruppe VIII, Reihe 4, Grave Number 19[52]
  • Gravesite of the Karl "Dadi" Prohazka und Helene "Lona" Prohazka, Karl "Dadi" Prohazka served as Chief Scout of the Österreichischer Pfadfinderbund 1950-1982 and Honorary Chief Scout 1982-1990, Chair of the Österreichischer Jugendherbergenverband 1946-1976 he joined Scouting in 1914, his wife Lona served as a Cub Leader and International Commissioner of the Bund Österreichischer Pfadfinderinnen 1948-1950, Sieveringer Friedhof, Abteilung II, Gruppe 10, Grave Number 29[53]
  • DDr. Heinrich Maier Street (German: DDr. Heinrich Maier Straße), Vienna
  • Johann-Petrak-Street (German: Johann-Petrak-Gasse), Vienna,[54] Johann Petrak was an important Scoutmaster in Vienna. He founded 6 Scout troops in Vienna and was also active in underground Scouting during the German occupation.
  • Baden-Powell-Square (German: Baden-Powell-Platz), in a park in the 22nd district of Vienna.[55][56][57]
  • Roman Köhler Bridge (German: Roman-Köhler-Steg), Handelskai near the Hilton Hotel, commemorating the teacher and Scoutmaster Roman Köhler, he served as a Scoutmaster from 1930 to 1968 and also volunteered in several jobs on regional and national level within Vienesse and Austrian Scouting.[58]

Czech Republic[edit]

Ivančena stone mound
  • The stone mound at Ivančena was founded in 1946 as a memorial to a group of Scouts who were executed on April 1945 in Cieszyn, Poland, for their part in anti-Nazi resistance. It is continuously being expanded: visitors contribute rocks from all parts of the world; it also contains a piece of moon rock brought by Neil Armstrong.[59][60]

Germany[edit]

Castle Ludwigstein is a living memorial of German youth movement
Scout monument in Ostrzeszów

Hungary[edit]

Scout statue, Budapest
  • Budapest – Scout statue of the St. Emeric monument

Italy[edit]

  • "Baden-Powell street" (Italian: Via B.Powell), Monfalcone[15][71]
  • Commemorative plaque in Trieste commemorating the See-Skaut-Schule/Scouti marini di Trieste (Sea Scouts School) 1915–1918. It was erected in 2009 by Austrian and Italian Scouts.[72]
  • Messina, Sicily on the Via Dina e Clarenza across from the Santuario della Madonna de Montalto. It was dedicated in 2009 by to Scouts in Messina.

Luxembourg[edit]

The International Scouting One Penny Monument, Wiltz, Luxembourg
  • Wiltz - The "International Scouting One Penny Monument"

Erected on 28 May 1982, offered by the Scouts of Wiltz with the help of Scouts and Guides of the world, in honour of Lord Robert Baden-Powell 1857-1941 Founder of the Scout Movement. The sculpture of the Roman travertine is 3.5 meters high with a base approximately 11 tons and was made by the sculptor Lucien Wercollier from Luxembourg. Scouts who visited Wiltz each donated 1 penny. This paid for the monument and so it got its name.

Former grave site Jan van Hoof

Netherlands[edit]

Poland[edit]

Memorial of ZHP. Łódź

Romania[edit]

Slovenia[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

  • Brownsea Island Scout camp
    Stone on Brownsea Island commemorating the first scout camp.
  • Plaque at Seton Birthplace, Wellington Terrace, South Shields, Durham (now part of South Tyneside)
  • One World Garden, Hylands Park, Chelmsford. Built as thanks for the use of Hylands Park during the 21st World Scout Jamboree 2007.
  • Scout Memorial, Nelson, Lancashire – The memorial is of a young boy scout in full uniform and stands on the forecourt area between Nelson Town Centre Library, the Town Hall and the new Liberata Business Centre. It was recently refurbished to a high standard by Pendle Borough Council and is one of a few such statues in the UK which commemorates Scouting losses in the Great War.[74]
  • Buffalo Statue and Lawn, Gilwell Park, Epping Forest, London – commemorates the Unknown Scout who helped spread Scouting to the United States
  • Bust of Robert Baden-Powell, Gilwell Park
  • The Ideal Scout, Gilwell Park – a copy of the original statue in Philadelphia
  • Baden-Powell House, London, having a museum and granite statue of Baden-Powell by sculptor Don Potter
  • Plaque in grounds of Richmond Castle, North Yorkshire, commemorating the period from 1908–1910 during which Baden-Powell lived in the barracks that formerly stood on site.
  • Plaque on a stone plinth in the quiet rose gardens at Paddington Recreation Ground, London (near Maida Vale underground station) commemorating Boy Scouts from the Paddington & St Marylebone District (now part of Westminster Scout District) who died during World War II. Yearly memorial and wreath laying ceremony held on Remembrance Day (11 November) at 2:30 pm by Westminster District Scouts.
  • A statue of Robert Baden-Powell is on Poole Quay looking out towards Brownsea Island. The statue is close to the point from which the boat took him and the first scouts to the first camp on Brownsea Island.

North America[edit]

The Ideal Scout

Canada[edit]

Mexico[edit]

  • Scout Statue, Tlalpan Forest, Mexico City (Monumento al Scout, Bosque de Tlalpan, Ciudad de México)

United States[edit]

Scouting
Founders
Others
James E. West grave

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

A memorial to the young scout Timothy Brooks Jones (1954–1969) was erected in 1971 by the 1st North Epping Scout Group. Tim died in a tragic swimming accident, unrelated to scouts, in December 1969. Scouts was an integral part of Tim's life and he spent a vast amount of his time in bush land adjoining the Scout Den. A plaque in his honour has been placed at the base of a flag pole outside the North Epping hall.

Unfortunately the flag pole developed a severe lean so for safety reasons the Epping Scout Troop removed it using their pioneering-construction skills. At the decommissioning of the flag pole a small ceremony was held for Timothy Brooks Jones. The plaque was re-dedicated in a ceremony coinciding with the centenary of Scouting in Australia.

At Gilwell Park, Gembrook, Victoria the De Molnar Memorial Hall was opened 26 January 1964. The building commemorates the former International Commissioner and Deputy Camp Chief of Hungary and Chairman of Melbourne Scout District Fritz de Molnar.[89]

Central and South America[edit]

Baden-Powell statue in Rio de Janeiro.

Brazil[edit]

  • A statue honoring Baden-Powell, inscribed "Founder of Scouting", is located in a park in the Gloria section of central Rio de Janeiro.
  • A statue on the Praia do Flamengo in Rio de Janeiro was given to the youth of Brazil by the youth of Chile for their aid in the 1923 earthquake. A stamp honoring the statue was issued in 1954.[90]

Venezuela[edit]

  • A Full Torso Statue it's located in Bello Campo, Municipio Chacao, Estado Miranda, Caracas, Venezuela.

Film tributes[edit]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ''Chief Scout Of The World'' geocache (GCM40K). Geocaching.com. Retrieved on 8 May 2012.
  2. ^ Baden Powell, Robert (1938). "Birds and Beasts in Africa". MacMillan and Co, LTD. Retrieved 9 March 2007. 
  3. ^ Kenya Boy Scouts Association (1965). "Paxtu: Baden-Powell's Home at Nyeri, Kenya". ScoutWeb South Africa. Retrieved 9 March 2007. 
  4. ^ "Ein Berg für Baden-Powell". SCOUTING-Unabhängige Zeitschrift für Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder (in German). 1/2007: 26. 2007. 
  5. ^ Waltraud Rohrbacher (2012). "Georgskapelle". Der Gildenweg (in German). 1/2012: 9. 
  6. ^ Hannes Konold (2011). "Franz Eichberger". berndorfer brücke-Pfarrblatt der Pfarre Berndorf-St.Margareta (in German). 66/2011: 2. 
  7. ^ Albert J.Dräger; Kurt Pribich; Karl Turetschek (2005). "Neulengbach-Versuchswerkstätte für Österreichs Pfadfinderschaft-Von den begründenden Anfängen 1915 bis zum ersten deutschen Pfadfindertag auf Schloß Prunn". SCOUTING-Unabhängige Zeitschrift für Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder (in German). 4/2005: 11–14. 
  8. ^ Albert J.Dräger (2005). "90 Jahre Neulengbacher Lager 1915–2005". Unser Weg (in German) (Österreichischer Pfadfinderbund). 02/2005: 2–6. 
  9. ^ "Ich bin heimgegangen-Unseren Toten". Unser Weg-Die Pfadfinderzeitung (in German) (Österreichischer Pfadfinderbund). 5-6/1964: 30. 1964. 
  10. ^ "DONAU 91 - Gedenksteinenthüllungsfeier" (in German). Retrieved 2012-09-30. 
  11. ^ Brandstätter, Ewald (October 2007). "Neunkirchen hat eine Pfadfinderwiese". Der Gildenweg (in German). 3/2007: 29. 
  12. ^ Pfadfindergilde Ulmerfeld-Hausmening-Neufurth (October 2007). "Ulmerfeld". Der Gildenweg (in German). 3/2007: 33. 
  13. ^ Pfadfindergilde Ulmerfeld-Hausmening-Neufurth (June 2007). "Ulmerfeld-Hausmening-Neufurth". Der Gildenweg (in German). 2/2007: 15. 
  14. ^ "Jahrespreise "Gilde-aktiv" für 2006 vergeben-Ein Griff ins Volle". Der Gildenweg (in German). 4/2007: 8. December 2007. 
  15. ^ a b c d Winter, Gerhard (September 2007). "Internationales-Pfadfinderallerlei Pfadfinderweg". ÖPBSG Nachrichten (in German): 13. 
  16. ^ Pfadfindergilde Gloggnitz-Wartenstein (October 2008). "Gedenktafelenthüllung für Prälat Johannes Österreicher". Der Gildenweg (in German). 3/2008: 14. 
  17. ^ Pfadfindergilde Waidhofen/Ybbs (October 2008). "Leserbrief von "Resi Renner" anläßlich der Namensgebung und Brückensegegnung der "Franz-Renner-Brücke" am Lagerplatz im Urltal.". Der Gildenweg (in German). 3/2008: 30. 
  18. ^ a b c Pfadfinder-Gilde Europa-Forum Großarl (2004). "Der Europatisch, Der Himmelsknoten,Der Pfadfindergruß". Auf den Spuren der Gilde-Pfadfinder in Großarl (in German): 3–5. 
  19. ^ "Das Grab von Karl "Kara" Barteis" (in German). Retrieved 28 December 2007. 
  20. ^ "Kara Barteis". Der Kreis-Rundbrief an alte Pfadfinderfreunde (in German) (Österreichischen Pfadfinderbund) 8/66: 9. December 1966. 
  21. ^ "An seinem 10.Todestage wurde P.Clemens Röbl, dem Träger des Pfadfinder-Waldabzeichens Nr.1 in Österreich, an seinem Grabe in St.Anton an der Glocknerstraße der "Silberne Steinbock" verliehen". Unser Ziel-Organ für Führer und Mitarbeiter der Pfadfinder Österreichs (in German) (Pfadfinder Österreichs) 4: 55. 15 April 1961. 
  22. ^ "Sonwendfeier und Andacht am Roverkreuz". Die Glocke-Informationszeitschrift der Pfadfindergruppe Salzburg 6 Maxglan (in German). 6/2002: 6. June–July 2002. 
  23. ^ Fritz Ortner (October 2012). "Gipfelsieg mit 76 Jahren und neuer Hüfte". Der Gildenweg (in German). 3/2012: 20. 
  24. ^ Pfadfinder-Gilde Österreichs. "Unsere Organisation". Pfadfinder-Gilde Österreichs Einmal Pfadfinder-immer Pfadfinder! (in German): 7. 
  25. ^ a b Ziegler, Horst (1999). Die Geschichte der österreichischen Pfadfinderbewegung aus steirischer Sicht (in German). Fürstenfeld: Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen Österreichs-Landesverband Steiermark. p. 94. 
  26. ^ Ziegler, Horst (1999). Die Geschichte der österreichischen Pfadfinderbewegung aus steirischer Sicht (in German). Fürstenfeld: Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen Österreichs-Landesverband Steiermark. p. 68. 
  27. ^ Wilhelm Otto Neubäck (2009). "Von unserer Tätigkeit". STPS Mitteilungsblatt (in German) (Steiermärkische Pfadfinderbriefmarken Sammler) 97: 2. 
  28. ^ Mayr, Tom (2009). "100 Jahre Pfadfinderidee in Österreich" (in German). Retrieved 12 November 2009. [dead link]
  29. ^ Willi Baumgartner (December 2009). "100 Jahre Pfadfinderidee in Österreich ausgegangen von Strass in der Steiermark". Der Gildenweg (in German). 4/2009: 9. 
  30. ^ Schredt, Franz Xaver (1982). Logbuch der Tiroler Pfadfinder (in German). Innsbruck: Verlag Dr. Rudolf Erhard. p. 173. 
  31. ^ Christian Holzner (October–December 1997). "40 Jahre "Glotzenkreuz"". Pfeifzeichen (in German) (Pfadfindergruppe Wattens) 8: 8. 
  32. ^ Christian Holzner (Spring 2007 – Autumn 2008). "Gipfelmesse und 50 Jahre Gipfelkreuz". Pfeifzeichen-Das Magazin von Pfadfindern, für Pfadfinder (in German) (Pfadfindergruppe Wattens) 24: 17. 
  33. ^ Sabine Bader. "Entstehungsgeschichte der Haller Pfadfinder" (in German). Retrieved 15 October 2008. 
  34. ^ Schredt, Franz Xaver (1982). Logbuch der Tiroler Pfadfinder (in German). Innsbruck: Verlag Dr. Rudolf Erhard. p. 162. 
  35. ^ Holzer Rudl. "Das Gipfelkreuz am Helm" (in German). Österreichischer Alpenverein Sektion Sillian. Retrieved 14 November 2008. 
  36. ^ Schredt, Franz Xaver (1982). Logbuch der Tiroler Pfadfinder (in German). Innsbruck: Verlag Dr. Rudolf Erhard. p. 172. 
  37. ^ Österreichisches Pfadfindermuseum (Austrian Scout Museum) (April 2000). ÖPM Seminar Skriptum 7.Jamboree 1951 (doc) (in German). 
  38. ^ Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen Österreichs (21 July 2001). "reunion". B.open daily official campnews national jamboree 2001 (in German/English) (6): 8. 
  39. ^ Merzl, Ewald (2007). PfadfinderInnen 1938 Mitgelaufen?Angepasst?Verfolgt? (in German). Vienna: Alwa&Deil. p. 26. 
  40. ^ Fördervereins St. Georg für Pfadfinder- und Jugendgruppen in Europa. "2: Chronik des Vereins im Überblick" (in German). Retrieved 28 December 2007. 
  41. ^ Fördervereins St. Georg für Pfadfinder- und Jugendgruppen in Europa. "4.2: Waldkapelle bei Lohnsburg" (in German). Retrieved 28 December 2007. 
  42. ^ Pfadfindergilde Enns (December 2008). "Eröffnung des Pfadfinder-Platzes beim Pfadfinderheim der Gruppe Enns". Der Gildenweg (in German). 4/2008: 10. 
  43. ^ Pribich, Kurt (2004). Logbuch der Pfadfinderverbände in Österreich (in German). Vienna: Pfadfinder-Gilde-Österreichs. p. 180. 
  44. ^ Albert J.Dräger (December 2002). "90 Jahre Pfadfinder in Österreich". Der Gildenweg (in German). 4/2002: 14. 
  45. ^ Pribich, Kurt (2004). Logbuch der Pfadfinderverbände in Österreich (in German). Vienna: Pfadfinder-Gilde-Österreichs. p. 220. 
  46. ^ Albert J.Dräger (June 2008). "Das Opfergedenken". Der Gildenweg (in German). 2/2008: 10. 
  47. ^ Obi (December 2011). "Pfadfindergruppe 1 feiert 100.Geburtstag". Der Gildenweg (in German). 4/2011: 22. 
  48. ^ Pribich, Kurt (2004). Logbuch der Pfadfinderverbände in Österreich (in German). Vienna: Pfadfinder-Gilde-Österreichs. p. 287. 
  49. ^ "Hptm Emmerich "Papa" Teuber". Der Kreis-Rundbrief an alte Pfadfinderfreunde und Förderer der Pfadfinderbewegung-Informationen des ÖPB-Archivs (in German) (Archiv des Österreichischen Pfadfinderbundes und Georgs-Gilde Wien) 7: 3. October 2011. 
  50. ^ Bertl Dräger (2009). "Grab von Papa Teuber". Der Gildenweg (in German). 3/2009: 17. 
  51. ^ "Oberst i.R. Wilhelm "Onkel" Teuber-Weckersdorf". Der Kreis-Rundbrief an alte Pfadfinderfreunde und Förderer der Pfadfinderbewegung-Informationen des ÖPB-Archivs (in German) (Archiv des Österreichischen Pfadfinderbundes und Georgs-Gilde Wien) 8: 4. April 2012. 
  52. ^ "FM Karl Ludwig "Karolus" Slonek". Der Kreis-Rundbrief an alte Pfadfinderfreunde und Förderer der Pfadfinderbewegung-Informationen des ÖPB-Archivs (in German) (Archiv des Österreichischen Pfadfinderbundes und Georgs-Gilde Wien) 8: 3. April 2012. 
  53. ^ "DFM Karl "Dadi" Prohazka und DFM Helene "Lona" Prohazka". Der Kreis-Rundbrief an alte Pfadfinderfreunde und Förderer der Pfadfinderbewegung-Informationen des ÖPB-Archivs (in German) (Archiv des Österreichischen Pfadfinderbundes und Georgs-Gilde Wien) 10: 3–4. September 2012. 
  54. ^ Pfadfindergilde Johann Petrak (October 2007). "Johann-Petrak-Gasse". Der Gildenweg (in German). 3/2007: 24. 
  55. ^ Margareta Slanec (October 2010). "Aktion "Waldputz" und Eröffnung des Baden-Powell-Platzes". Der Gildenweg (in German). 3/2010: 7. 
  56. ^ Margareta Slanec (September 2010). "Anlass zum Feiern: Einladung zur "Baden-Powell-Platz" Eröffnung". Gut Pfad-Die Zeitung der Wiener Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen (in German). 9-10/2010: 4. 
  57. ^ "Neues aus Wien: "Baden-Powell-Platz"". Gut Pfad-Die Zeitung der Wiener Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen (in German). 11-12/2010: 5. November 2010. 
  58. ^ Manfred Walden (December 2011). "Der Brückenbauer Roman Köhler oder von der Seilbrücke zur Betonbrücke". Der Gildenweg (in German). 4/2011: 21. 
  59. ^ "IVANČENA" (in Czech). 3. skautský oddíl Český Těšín. 15 April 2012. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  60. ^ Kočí, Kateřina. "Ivančena - Lysá hora" (in Czech). Actaea - společnost pro přírodu a krajinu. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  61. ^ Georg Ahollinger; Andreas Hänsch (2004). "Pfadfinder errichten Gedenktafel zur Erinnerung an zerstörtes Heim". SCOUTING — Unabhängige Zeitschrift für Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder (in German). 2/2004: 30. 
  62. ^ Philipp Müller (July 2005). "Pfadfinderehrenmal". rot.graue blätter-internetschrift der pfadfinderschaft grauer reiter (in German) 43: 13. Retrieved 2012-06-10. 
  63. ^ Simone Christoph. "GOTT zur Ehr´ – Den Menschen zur Einkehr — Zum Dank uns´rem Schöpfer!" (in German). Retrieved 28 December 2007. 
  64. ^ Maria Matthaei (2007). "Ein Kreuz für den Gipfel — Zeichen des Glaubens und des Dienstes". SCOUTING — Unabhängige Zeitschrift für Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder (in German). 4/2007: 43. 
  65. ^ Martin "Einstein"Sebald (2009). "Pfadfinden 100 in Deutschland-Der Abschluss der Feierlichkeiten". SCOUTING — Unabhängige Zeitschrift für Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder (in German). 4/2009: 42. 
  66. ^ Pfadfinder-Geschichtswerkstatt-PGW e.V. (July 2008). "Deutsches Pfadfinderjubiläum 1909–2009" (PDF). FORUM für Pfadfinder-Geschichte (in German). 1/2008: 4. Retrieved 27 August 2008. 
  67. ^ Oliver Leffler(Ukawe) (2009). "Pfadfinden 100 in Deutschland-Geburtstagsfest in Gottsdorf". SCOUTING — Unabhängige Zeitschrift für Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder (in German). 2/2009: 38–39. 
  68. ^ Lothar Dulcos (Latte) (2009). "Pfadfinder-Straßen, Wege, Plätze-Begehbare Zeugen der Pfadfinderbewegung". SCOUTING — Unabhängige Zeitschrift für Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder (in German). 3/2009: 45. 
  69. ^ Hans H.Gold (2009). "Pfadfinder-Straßen, Wege, Plätze-Begehbare Zeugen der Pfadfinderbewegung". SCOUTING — Unabhängige Zeitschrift für Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder (in German). 2/2009: 53. 
  70. ^ Almi (2010). "An Fred Joseph erinnert nun auch ein Denkmal". SCOUTING — Unabhängige Zeitschrift für Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder (in German). 3/2010: 54. 
  71. ^ "Straßenschild für Baden-Powell". SCOUTING-Unabhängige Zeitschrift für Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder (in German). 4/2007: 55. 2007. 
  72. ^ Bertl Dräger (December 2009). "Unternehmen Gedenktafel S.S.S. TRIEST". Der Gildenweg (in German). 4/2009: 13. 
  73. ^ de:Pfadfinderbewegung in Rumänien
  74. ^ Nelson Scout memorial. Ww1cemeteries.com. Retrieved on 8 May 2012.
  75. ^ Each local council office and the BSA Headquarters in Irving, Texas also have copies.
  76. ^ Town of Whitman – Civic Groups
  77. ^ Mount Baden-Powell, San Gabriel Mountains. Pinetreeweb.com (10 December 2009). Retrieved on 8 May 2012.
  78. ^ Kentucky Historical Marker Number: 50 Location: 322 East Third Street, Covington, Kenton County, Description: Boyhood home of "Uncle Dan," youth leader, outdoorsman, artist and author. Born in Cincinnati and later came to Covington to live. Inaugurated Boy Scout movement in America, 1905, and was one of the first National Commissioners of the Boy Scouts of America. He was awarded the first medal for outstanding citizenship of state of Kentucky.
  79. ^ National Historic Landmarks Program (NHL). Tps.cr.nps.gov (23 June 1965). Retrieved on 8 May 2012.
  80. ^ DANIEL CARTER BEARD MALL – Historical Sign. Nycgovparks.org (12 December 1998). Retrieved on 8 May 2012.
  81. ^ Home. Ottawaavenuecemetery.com. Retrieved on 8 May 2012.
  82. ^ HPS Summit Signatures – Mount Burnham. Angeles.sierraclub.org (25 February 2003). Retrieved on 8 May 2012.
  83. ^ 8-27-04features.htm. Kaweahcommonwealth.com. Retrieved on 8 May 2012.
  84. ^ El Camino del Diablo. Retrieved on 18 June 2012.
  85. ^ Edward H. Saxton (March 1978). "Saving the Desert Bighorns". Desert Magazine 41 (3). Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  86. ^ Seaside Village, Bridgeport, Connecticut. CT Monuments.net (2 Nov 2009). Retrieved on 19 June 2012.
  87. ^ Memorial Mall. Yaac-bsa.org. Retrieved on 8 May 2012.
  88. ^ On This Page Are A Small Number Of youtube.com Video Clips Having To Do With Which We Located On The Internet | Yaac-BSA.org – Preserving Our Native American Heritage. Yaac-BSA.org. Retrieved on 8 May 2012.
  89. ^ "Gilwell´s Fritz de Molnar Hall-An impressive Opening Ceremony". The Victorian Scout: 11. February 1964. 
  90. ^ Thorsen, Jr., Harry D. "Design of the 1954 Brazil Scout Stamp". Scouts on Stamps Society International. Retrieved 20 December 2009. 

External links[edit]