Shōkyō

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Shōkyō (正慶?, also pronounced "Shōkei") was a brief initial Japanese era of the Northern Court during the Kamakura Period, after Gentoku and before Kemmu, lasting from April 1332 to April 1333.[1] Reigning Emperors were Emperor Go-Daigo in the south and Emperor Kōgon in the north.[2]

Nanboku-chō overview[edit]

The Imperial seats during the Nanboku-chō period were in relatively close proximity, but geographically distinct. They were conventionally identified as:

During the Meiji period, an Imperial decree dated March 3, 1911 established that the legitimate reigning monarchs of this period were the direct descendants of Emperor Go-Daigo through Emperor Go-Murakami, whose Southern Court had been established in exile in Yoshino, near Nara.[3]

Until the end of the Edo period, the militarily superior pretender-Emperors supported by the Ashikaga shogunate had been mistakenly incorporated in Imperial chronologies despite the undisputed fact that the Imperial Regalia were not in their possession. [3]

This illegitimate Northern Court had been established in Kyoto by Ashikaga Takauji. [3]

Change of era[edit]

  • 1332 Shōkyō gannen (正慶元年?): The era name was changed to Shōkyō to mark an event or a number of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Genkō 2, the 10th month.[4]

In this time frame, Genkō (1331-1333) was the Southern Court equivalent nengō.

Events of the Shōkyō Era[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tenshō" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 882; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 286-289.
  3. ^ a b c Thomas, Julia Adeney. (2001). Reconfiguring modernity: concepts of nature in Japanese political ideology, p. 199 n57, citing Mehl, Margaret. (1997). History and the State in Nineteenth-Century Japan. p. 140-147.
  4. ^ Titsingh, p. 287.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Gentoku
Era or nengō
Shōkyō

1332–1333
Succeeded by
Kemmu