Kangen

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For other uses, see Kangen (disambiguation).

Kangen (寛元?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Ninji and before Hoji. This period spanned the years from February 1243 to February 1247.[1] The reigning emperor was Go-Saga-tennō (後嵯峨天皇?).[2]

Change of era[edit]

  • Kangen gannen (寛元元年?); 1243: The new era name was created to mark an event or a number of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Ninji 4.

Events of the Kangen era[edit]

  • 1244 (Kangen 2): In the spring of this year, a number of extraordinary phenomena in the skies over Kamakura troubled Yoritsune deeply.[3]
  • 1244 (Kangen 2, 4th month): Yoritsune's son, Yoritsugu, had his coming-of-age ceremonies at age 6. In the same month, Yoritsune asked Emperor Go-Saga for permission to give up his responsibilities as shogun in favor of his son, Kujō Yoritsugu.[3]
  • September 11, 1245 (Kangen 3, 7th month): Yoshitsune shaved his head and became a Buddhist priest.[3]
  • 1246 (Kangen 4, 7th month): Yoritsune's son, now Shogun Yoritsugu (who is only 7 years old) marries the sister of Hōjō Tsunetoki (who is himself only 16 years old).[3]
  • 1246 (Kangen 4): In the 4th year of Go-Saga-tennō 's reign (後嵯峨天皇4年), he abdicated; and despite the succession (senso) was received by his 4-year-old son. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Go-Fukakusa is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui).[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kangen" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 470; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 245-247; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 228-232.
  3. ^ a b c d Titsingh, p. 247.
  4. ^ Titsingh, pp. 247-248; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of emperor Go-Murakami.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Ninji
Era or nengō
Kangen

1243–1247
Succeeded by
Hōji