Shammi Kapoor

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Shammi Kapoor
Shammi Kapoor still19.jpg
Born Shamsher Raj Kapoor
(1931-10-21)21 October 1931
Bombay, Bombay Presidency, British India
(now Mumbai, Maharashtra, India)
Died 14 August 2011(2011-08-14) (aged 79)
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India[1]
Cause of death
Chronic kidney failure
Residence Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Nationality Indian
Other names Elvis Presley of India[2]
Occupation Actor
Years active 1948–2011
Height 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)[3]
Spouse(s) Geeta Bali
(m. 1955–1965; her death)
Neela Devi Gohil
(m. 1969–2011; her death)
Children Aditya Raj Kapoor
Kanchan Desai
Parents Prithviraj Kapoor (Father)
Ramsarni Kapoor (Mother)
Relatives Kapoor Family

Shammi Kapoor (born Shamsher Raj Kapoor; 21 October 1931[4] – 14 August 2011) was an Indian film actor and director. He was a prominent lead actor in Hindi cinema from the late 1950s until the early 1970s. He received the Filmfare Best Actor Award in 1968 for his performance in Brahmachari and Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor for Vidhaata in 1982.

Shammi Kapoor is hailed as one of the most entertaining lead actors that Hindi cinema has ever produced. He was one of the leading stars of Hindi cinema during the late 1950s, the 1960s and early '70s. He made his Hindi Film debut in 1953 with the film Jeevan Jyoti, and went on to deliver hits like Tumsa Nahin Dekha, Dil Deke Dekho, Singapore, Junglee, College Girl, Professor, China Town, Pyaar Kiya To Darna Kya, Kashmir Ki Kali, Janwar, Teesri Manzil, An Evening in Paris, Bramhachari, Andaz and Sachaai.

Early life[edit]

He was given the name Shamsher Raj Kapoor at his birth in Bombay (now Mumbai) to film and theatre actor Prithviraj Kapoor and Ramsharni Kapoor (née Mehra).[5] Shammi was the second of the three sons born to Prithviraj (the other two being Raj Kapoor and Shashi Kapoor, both successful Hindi Film actors).

Though born in Mumbai, he spent a major portion of his childhood in Calcutta (now Kolkata), where his father was involved with New Theatres Studios, acting in films. It was in Kolkata that he did his Montessory and Kindergarten. After coming back to Bombay, he first went to St. Joseph's Convent (Wadala) and then, to Don Bosco School. He finished his matric schooling from New Era School at Hughes Road.

Kapoor had a short stint at Ramnarain Ruia College after which he joined his father’s theatrical company Prithvi Theatres. He entered the cinema world in 1948, as a junior artiste, at a salary of Rs. 50 per month, stayed with Prithvi Theatres for the next four years and collected his last pay check of Rs. 300, in 1952. He made his debut in Hindi Films in the year 1953, when the film Jeevan Jyoti was released. It was directed by Mahesh Kaul and Chand Usmani was Kapoor’s first heroine. He was in relationship with Nadia Gamal, belly dancer from Cairo[6] and Egyptian actress, from 1953-55 after they met in Sri Lanka on an occasion while he was on holiday trip,[7] but their relationship ended when she moved back to Cairo.

Film career[edit]

Kapoor started out with serious roles but with Filmistan's Nasir Hussain directed Tumsa Nahin Dekha (1957) opposite Ameeta and Dil Deke Dekho (1959) with Asha Parekh, he attained the image of a light-hearted, and stylish playboy.[citation needed]

With Junglee (1961) his new image was cemented and his subsequent films were all in this genre.[clarification needed] Mohammed Rafi was frequently chosen as his playback voice. In his early career in the 1950s, he acted with established heroines playing second fiddle in woman-oriented movies: with Madhubala in films such as Rail Ka Dibba (1953) and Naqab, with Nutan in Laila Majnu, with Shyama in Thokar and with Nalini Jaywant in Hum Sab Chor Hain. From 1953 to 1957, none of his films made him popular, until Tumsa Nahin Dekha. His career's first breakthrough came with Tumsa Nahi Dekha in 1957. In the 1960s, however, he was often paired with new heroines such as Asha Parekh, Saira Banu, and Sharmila Tagore, all of whom had very successful careers.[8] Of all his heroines, he said that Sharmila Tagore, Rajshree, and Asha Parekh were easy to work with.[9]

Sharmila Tagore and Saira Banu made their Hindi film debuts with Shammi Kapoor in Kashmir Ki Kali and Junglee respectively[10] He and Asha Parekh were paired in four films, of which the murder mystery Teesri Manzil (1966) and Dil Deke Dekho were successful.

In the early 1950s Kapoor accepted serious roles in films such as Shama Parwana (1954) with Suraiya, comedy flick Mem Sahib (1956) with Meena Kumari, and thrillers like Chor Bazar (1954), as well as in the tragic love story Mirza Sahiban (1957) opposite Shyama.[11] He gained more widespread popularity with the successful films Tumsa Nahi Dekha (1957), Ujala and Dil Dil Deke Deko (both 1959). In the first half of the 1960s, Kapoor was seen in successful films like College Girl, Basant, Singapore, Boy Friend, Professor, Dil Tera Diwana, Vallah Kya Baat Hai, Pyar Kiya To Darna Kya, China Town, Kashmir Ki Kali, Bluff Master, Janwar and Rajkumar.

In 1968, he received the first Filmfare Best Actor Award of his career for Bramhachari. He made a unique place for himself in the industry as he was the only dancing hero in Hindi films from the late 1950s till the early '70s.[citation needed][12] He used to compose dancing steps in the songs picturised on him and reportedly never needed a choreographer. This earned him the name of Elvis Presley of India.[2][13]

His pairing opposite Southern heroines tended to be commercially successful. He played opposite B. Saroja Devi in Pyaar Kiya To Darna Kya and Preet Na Jane Reet, with Padmini in Singapore, and opposite Vyjayanthimala in College Girl and Prince.[14] In the late 1960s, his successful films included Budtameez and Sachaai with Sadhana, Latt Saheb with Nutan and Tumse Achha Kaun Hai with Babita.

In the 1970s, Kapoor’s weight problem proved an obstacle when playing the romantic hero, and the last such film he played in was Andaz (1971). He would move to character roles and acted in films like Zameer, Hero, Vidhaata, Hukumat, Batwara, Tahalka, Chamatkar, Namak and Prem Granth. In 1974, he directed Manoranjan and in 1976 Bundal Baaz.

Shammi turned into a successful supporting actor in the 1970s, playing Saira Banu's father in Zameer (1974), when he had been her leading man a decade earlier in Junglee (1961) and Bluff Master (1964) and playing Amitabh Bachchan's foster father in Parvarish. He also directed Manoranjan (1974), a movie inspired from Irma La Douce and in which he played a supporting role and Bundal Baaz (1976) starring Rajesh Khanna. Neither were successful commercially though they got critical acclaim and were hailed as classics and ahead of their time. In the 1980s and 1990s, he continued to play many supporting roles and won a Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award for his performance in Vidhaata (1982). He got the opportunity to do some films in other languages such as Bengali and Tamil in the nineties.

He did a social melodrama serial called Chattan aired on Zee TV for more than a year in the 1990s. He eventually cut down on film appearances by the late 1990s and early 2000s with appearances in the 1999 Salman Khan and Urmila Matondkar starrer Jaanam Samjha Karo, 2002 release Waah! Tera Kya Kehna and the delayed 2006 release Sandwich (his last appearance as a character actor). He made his last appearance in Imtiaz Ali's directorial venture Rockstar co-starring his grand-nephew Ranbir Kapoor, the grandson of his brother Raj Kapoor.

Director Shakti Samanta directed Shammi Kapoor in six films — Singapore, China Town, Kashmir Ki Kali, An Evening In Paris, Pagla Kahin Ka and Jaane Anjane (the last two were unsuccessful) — and said in an interview “I found Shammi to be a thoroughly good man. Even in his heydays, he was humble."[15]

Personal life[edit]

Kapoor met Geeta Bali in 1955, during the shooting of the film Rangeen Raaten, where he was the leading actor and she played a cameo. Four months later, they married at Banganga Temples, near Napean Sea Road of Mumbai. They had a son, Aditya Raj Kapoor, on 1 July 1956, at Shirodkar's Hospital, Mumbai, a year after they were married. Five years later, in 1961, they had a daughter, Kanchan. Geeta Bali passed away from smallpox in 1965. Shammi Kapoor married Neila Devi on January 27, 1969.[16]

Shammi Kapoor was the founder and chairman of Internet Users Community of India (IUCI). He had also played a major role in setting up internet organizations like the Ethical Hackers Association. Kapoor also maintained a website dedicated to the Kapoor family.[17]

Death[edit]

Kapoor was admitted to Breach Candy Hospital, Mumbai on 7 August 2011 suffering from chronic renal failure. His condition remained serious for next few days and he was kept on ventilator support.[18] He died on 14 August 2011, 05:15 am IST, of chronic renal failure, aged 79.[19][20] Funeral was held on Monday, 15 August at Banganga cremation ground, Malabar Hill, Mumbai. His son, Aditya, performed the last rites at the cremation. The entire Kapoor family were present to pay their last respects, including his younger brother Shashi Kapoor, sister-in-law Krishna Kapoor, grand nephew Ranbir Kapoor, nephews Rishi, Randhir and Rajiv, Randhir's wife Babita and grand nieces Karishma Kapoor and Kareena Kapoor.[21] Bollywood personalities Vinod Khanna, Shatrughan Sinha, Subhash Ghai, Amitabh Bachchan, Ramesh Sippy, Danny Denzongpa, Prem Chopra, Anil Kapoor, Saif Ali Khan, Govinda, Aamir Khan, Rani Mukherjee, Sharukh Khan, Kabir Bedi and Priyanka Chopra were among those who attended the funeral.[22]

To honour Kapoor, a brass statue of his was unveiled at Walk of the Stars at Bandra Bandstand in Mumbai.

Awards[edit]

Filmfare Awards
IIFA Awards
  • 2002 – Invaluable Contribution To Indian Cinema at the IIFA.[26]
Bollywood Movie Awards
  • 2005 – Lifetime Achievement Award[27]
Zee Cine Awards
Star Screen Awards
Other Awards
  • 1998 – Kalakar Awards – Special Award for "contribution in Indian Cinema"[28]
  • 2001 – Anandalok Awards Lifetime Achievement Award
  • Living Legend Award by the Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FICCI)[29]
  • 2008 – Lifetime Achievement Award for his contribution to Indian cinema at the Pune International Film Festival (PIFF).[30]
  • Rashtriya Gaurav Award[31]

Partial Filmography[32][edit]

Year Film Role Co-Star Notes
1953 Jeevan Jyoti (1953 film) Shyam Sunder 'Shammi' Chand Usmani Debut Film
Rail Ka Dibba Sundar Madhubala
Thokar
Laila Majnu Majnu Nutan
Gul Sanobar
Khoj
1954 Shama Parwana
Mehbooba
Ehsan
Chor Bazar
1955 Tangewali
Naqaab
Miss Coca Cola Geeta Bali
Daku Badal Shashikala
1956 Sipahsalar
Rangeen Raatein Mala Sinha
Memsahib Manohar Meena Kumari Negative character
Hum Sab Chor Hain
1957 Tumsa Nahin Dekha Shankar Ameeta First breakthrough in career
Maharani
Coffee House Geeta Bali
Mirza Sahiban Mirza Khan
1958 Mujrim Shankar/Anand Ragini
Dil Deke Dekho Roop/Raja Asha Parekh
1959 Ujala Mala Sinha
Raat ke Raahi Jabeen
Mohar Geeta Bali
Char Dil Char Rahen Johny Braganza Raj Kapoor
1960 Basant Ashim Nutan
College Girl Vyjayanthimala
Singapore Padmini
1961 Boyfriend Shyam Madhubala
Junglee Chandra Shekhar Saira Banu Shammi Kapoor's first colour film
1962 Dil Tera Diwana Mohan Mala Sinha
Professor Professor Pritam Khanna Kalpana Nominated—Filmfare Award for Best Actor
China Town Mike/Shekhar Shakila & Helen Double role
Vallah Kya Baat Hai Kundan Bina Rai
1963 Bluff Master Saira Banu
Shahid Bhagat Singh
Jab Se Tumhe Dekha Hai Qawwali singer Geeta Bali & Shashi Kapoor Cameo appearance
Pyar Kiya To Darna kya
1964 Rajkumar Sadhana
Kashmir Ki Kali Rajiv Lal Sharmila Tagore
1965 Janwar Sunder Srivastava / Sundaram Munderam / Sheikh Kalimullah Rajshree
1966 Teesri Manzil Anil Kumar "Sona"/Rocky Asha Parekh
Preet Na Jaane Reet Ashok Saroja Devi
Budtameez Shyam Kumar Saxena Sadhana
1967 An Evening in Paris Sharmila Tagore
Laat Saheb Nutan
1968 Brahmachari Brahmachari Rajshree Won—Filmfare Award for Best Actor
1969 Prince Vyjayanthimala
Tum se Acchaa Kaun Hai Ashok Babita
Sachchai Sadhana
1970 Pagla Kahin Ka Sujit Asha Parekh & Helen
1971 Andaz Ravi Hema Malini & Simi Garewal
Jawan Mohabbat Asha Parekh
Jaane Anjane Leena Chandavarkar
Preetam Preetam Vinod Khanna & Leena Chandavarkar
1974 Zameer Maharaj Singh Amitabh Bachchan
Manoranjan Dhupu Zeenat Aman Director
Chhote Sarkar Sadhana
1976 Bundal Baaz Genie Rajesh Khanna Director
1977 Parvarish
1978 Shalimar
1979 Meera Raja Vikramjeet Singh Sesodia
1981 Professor Pyarelal Nadira, Dharmendra
Rocky (Himself) Sanjay Dutt
Naseeb (Himself) Cameo appearance
1982 Prem Rog Bade Raja Thakur Sushma Seth & Rishi Kapoor
Vidhaata Dilip Kumar Won—Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor
Desh Premee Shamsher Singh Amitabh Bachchan
1983 Hero Jackie Shroff
Betaab Sardar Dinesh Singh Girji Sunny Deol
1984 Sohni Mahiwal
1987 Hukumat
1988 Ijaazat Mahender's grandfather Naseeruddin Shah Guest Appearance
1991 Ajooba
1992 Tahelka
Chamatkar
1993 Aaja Meri Jaan
1994 Sukham Sukhakaram Malayalam film
1996 Aur Pyar Ho Gaya Dadaji Bobby Deol
Prem Granth Nandlal (Somen's uncle) Rishi Kapoor
1998 Kareeb Thakur Ranbir Singh Bobby Deol
1999 Jaanam Samjha Karo Rahul's Dadaji Salman Khan
East Is East
2002 Yeh Hay Jalwa
Waah! Tera Kya Kehna Kishan Oberoi Govinda
2005 Bhola in Bollywood Producer
2006 Sandwich Swami Trilokanand
2011 Rockstar Ustad Jameel Khan Ranbir Kapoor Last film before death

Further reading[edit]

  • The Kapoors: the first family of Indian cinema, by Madhu Jain. Penguin, Viking, 2005. ISBN 0670058378.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Veteran actor Shammi Kapoor passes away, CNN-IBN, 14 August 2011, retrieved 14 August 2011 
  2. ^ a b "Shammi Kapoor, India’s Elvis, dies". Indian Express. Retrieved 2011-08-18. 
  3. ^ Shammi Kapoor - Biography
  4. ^ Ahmed, Ishtiaq (7 November 2006). "Prithviraj Kapoor: A centenary tribute – Daily Times". Stockholm University. Daily Times. p. 1. Archived from the original on 10 February 2011. Retrieved 10 February 2011. 
  5. ^ "Shammi Kapoor". Junglee.org.in. 1998-10-30. Retrieved 2011-09-16. 
  6. ^ http://www.indiatvnews.com/entertainment/bollywood/a-look-at-the-kapoor-clan-part-3-shammi-and-shashi-raj-kapoor-5435.html?page=4
  7. ^ http://ww.itimes.com/photo/shammi-the-junglee-kapoor-520a0f391e025
  8. ^ Shammi Kapoorl: Lionheart. Screenindia.com. Retrieved on 16 August 2011.
  9. ^ Celebrity Interviews – powered by React Media. thirtymm.com. Retrieved on 16 August 2011.
  10. ^ Shammi Kapoor's leading ladies will miss the star. Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved on 16 August 2011.
  11. ^ India's beloved Junglee no more. Times Of India. Retrieved on 16 August 2011.
  12. ^ "Shammiji had his own way of encouraging people: Saira Banu - Times Of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2011-08-14. Retrieved 2011-08-18. 
  13. ^ Ansari, Shabana (14 August 2011). "Rebel star Shammi Kapoor screams a final Yahoo!". Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 2011-08-18. 
  14. ^ Indian Actors : Shammi Kapoor. 10ka20.com (21 October 1931). Retrieved on 16 August 2011.
  15. ^ Reinventing itself. Screenindia (12 December 2008). Retrieved on 16 August 2011.
  16. ^ http://www.filmfare.com/articles/kareenas-loss-is-priyankas-gain-1316.html
  17. ^ "Shammi Kapoor". Junglee.org.in. Retrieved 2011-08-18. 
  18. ^ Shammi Kapoor's condition continues to be serious, Mid Day, 14 August 2011, retrieved 14 August 2011 
  19. ^ "Veteran film actor Shammi Kapoor passes away", The Times of India, 14 August 2011, retrieved 14 August 2011 
  20. ^ "Legendary actor Shammi Kapoor passes away", The Times of India, 14 August 2011, retrieved 14 August 2011 
  21. ^ "Bollywood actor Shammi Kapoor cremated". BBC. 15 August 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  22. ^ "Legendary actor Shammi Kapoor cremated". Hindustan Times. 15 August 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  23. ^ "The Winners – 1968". Filmfare Awards. Retrieved 15 December 2010. 
  24. ^ "The Winners – 1982". Filmfare Awards. Retrieved 15 December 2010. 
  25. ^ "Lifetime Achievement (Popular)". Filmfare Awards. Retrieved 15 December 2010. 
  26. ^ Awards – Past Awards – 2000 – Winners. IIFA. Retrieved on 16 August 2011.
  27. ^ Bollywood Fashion Awards | Bollywood Music Awards. Bollywood Awards. Retrieved on 16 August 2011.
  28. ^ Kalakar Awards[dead link]
  29. ^ FICCI-Frames award for Kamal Haasan
  30. ^ Shammi Kapoor, Sharmila Tagore honoured at Pune International Film Fest. Hindustan Times (11 January 2008). Retrieved on 16 August 2011.
  31. ^ "Environmentalist Ajay Jain awarded "Rashtriya Gaurav Award 2010"". i-Newswire. Retrieved 15 December 2010. 
  32. ^ 32

External links[edit]