Shangzhi

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Shangzhi
尚志市
County-level city
Shangzhi is located in Heilongjiang
Shangzhi
Shangzhi
Location in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 45°12′25″N 127°57′54″E / 45.207°N 127.965°E / 45.207; 127.965Coordinates: 45°12′25″N 127°57′54″E / 45.207°N 127.965°E / 45.207; 127.965[1]
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
Sub-provincial city Harbin
Divisions 10 towns
7 townships
Seat Shangzhi Town (尚志镇)
Area[2]
 • Total 8,824.9 km2 (3,407.3 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 585,386
 • Density 66/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 1506XX
Area code(s) 0451
Harbin district map
Website www.shangzhi.gov.cn

Shangzhi (Chinese: 尚志; pinyin: Shàngzhì) is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. It is 127 kilometres (79 mi) away from central Harbin and has an area of approximately 9,000 km2 (3,500 sq mi). The city proper has a population of around 120,000, while the total administrative population is approximately 600,000 inhabitants.[when?] The most spacious county-level division of Harbin City, it borders Yanshou County to the north, Wuchang to the southwest, Acheng District to the northwest, and Bin County to the northwest, as well as the prefecture-level city of Mudanjiang to the southeast.

The city of Shangzhi was once called Zhuhe (珠河; Zhūhé). It was developed during the years of Emperor Guangxu in the late Qing dynasty, and was renamed to Shangzhi to commemorate the anti-Japanese war hero Zhao Shangzhi in 1946.

The most famous place in Shangzhi is the Yabuli (simplified Chinese: 亚布力; traditional Chinese: 亞布力; pinyin: Yàbùlì) Skiing Centre - Template:Cn inline

Climate[edit]

Shangzhi has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa/Dwb), with long, very dry, bitterly cold winters, very warm and humid summers, and short, rather dry spring and autumn in between. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −19.7 °C (−3.5 °F) in January to 22.0 °C (71.6 °F) in July, and the annual mean is +2.92 °C (37.3 °F). Close to three-fourths of the annual precipitation occurs from June to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 49% in July to 63% in March, the city receives 2,450 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Shangzhi (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −12
(10)
−7.2
(19)
1.8
(35.2)
12.8
(55)
20.3
(68.5)
25.0
(77)
27.4
(81.3)
25.8
(78.4)
20.4
(68.7)
11.7
(53.1)
0.0
(32)
−9.3
(15.3)
9.7
(49.5)
Average low °C (°F) −26.3
(−15.3)
−22.8
(−9)
−11.7
(10.9)
−1
(30)
5.5
(41.9)
12.9
(55.2)
17.1
(62.8)
15.3
(59.5)
6.8
(44.2)
−1.7
(28.9)
−11.8
(10.8)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−3.3
(26.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5.0
(0.197)
6.8
(0.268)
14.3
(0.563)
31.4
(1.236)
50.5
(1.988)
96.9
(3.815)
174.2
(6.858)
144.3
(5.681)
71.5
(2.815)
39.7
(1.563)
15.9
(0.626)
10.0
(0.394)
660.5
(26.004)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.5 6.9 6.9 9.2 12.6 14.7 16.2 14.9 12.0 9.0 8.1 9.0 126.0
Average relative humidity (%) 74 73 65 60 62 74 81 84 79 70 71 74 72.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 166.6 181.7 232.0 224.3 248.3 243.3 229.9 220.6 215.4 192.4 155.5 140.1 2,450.1
Percent possible sunshine 59 62 63 56 54 52 49 51 57 57 54 52 55
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Administrative divisions[edit]

Shangzhi is divided into 10 towns and seven townships:[4]

Towns (镇)[edit]

Townships (乡)[edit]

Famous people[edit]

  • Liu Qing, captain of Women's Basketball National Team in the 1980s.
  • Yu Wenxia, Miss China World 2012 and Miss World 2012.
  • Zhao Shangzhi, Commander of the Northeast Anti-Japan United Army during World War II and namesake of this city. A well-known national hero who devoted his life to the Northeastern struggle against Japanese occupation. He was captured and beheaded after a traitor leaked his whereabouts to the Japanese.
  • Zhao Yiman, A well-known national heroine who was killed by the Japanese invaders because she refused to leak the secrets about communist operations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Google (2014-07-02). "Shangzhi" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02. 
  2. ^ Harbin Statistical Yearbook 2011 (《哈尔滨统计年鉴2011》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  3. ^ 2010 Census Harbin primary statistics report (《哈尔滨市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  4. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:尚志市 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-02-10. 

External links[edit]