Tonghe County

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Tonghe County
通河县
County
Tonghe is located in Heilongjiang
Tonghe
Tonghe
Location in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 45°59′24″N 128°44′46″E / 45.990°N 128.746°E / 45.990; 128.746Coordinates: 45°59′24″N 128°44′46″E / 45.990°N 128.746°E / 45.990; 128.746[1]
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
Sub-provincial city Harbin
Divisions 6 towns
2 townships
Seat Tonghe (通河镇)
Area[2]
 • Total 5,675.5 km2 (2,191.3 sq mi)
Elevation 107 m (351 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 210,650
 • Density 37/km2 (96/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 1509XX
Area code(s) 0451
Harbin district map

Tonghe County (simplified Chinese: 通河县; traditional Chinese: 通河縣; pinyin: Tōnghé Xiàn; literally: "pass river") is under the administration of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, located on the northern (right) bank of the Songhua River. It is 161 kilometres (100 mi) to the east of central Harbin, bordering Yilan County to the east, Fangzheng County to the south, Mulan County to the west, as well as the prefecture-level city of Yichun to the north.

Geography and climate[edit]

Tonghe County has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa/Dwb), with long, very dry, bitterly cold winters, very warm and humid summers, and short, rather dry spring and autumn in between. Its location in the Songhua River Valley at an elevation of 107 m (351 ft) allows for cool air to pool in and around the county seat, depressing temperatures slightly as compared to Harbin. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −20.9 °C (−5.6 °F) in January to 22.1 °C (71.8 °F) in July, and the annual mean is +2.58 °C (36.6 °F). Close to 65% of the annual precipitation occurs from June to August. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 46% in July to 66% in February, the area receives 2,413 hours of bright sunshine annually, with the latter half of winter being especially sunny.

Climate data for Tonghe County (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −13.9
(7)
−8.4
(16.9)
1.4
(34.5)
12.5
(54.5)
20.1
(68.2)
24.8
(76.6)
27.4
(81.3)
25.6
(78.1)
20.1
(68.2)
11.0
(51.8)
−1.2
(29.8)
−11.2
(11.8)
9.0
(48.2)
Average low °C (°F) −27.1
(−16.8)
−23
(−9)
−12.1
(10.2)
−1
(30)
5.6
(42.1)
13.2
(55.8)
17.3
(63.1)
15.4
(59.7)
7.2
(45)
−1.4
(29.5)
−12.6
(9.3)
−22.9
(−9.2)
−3.4
(25.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 3.1
(0.122)
3.8
(0.15)
8.9
(0.35)
25.1
(0.988)
58.9
(2.319)
91.1
(3.587)
166.0
(6.535)
129.8
(5.11)
63.3
(2.492)
35.7
(1.406)
10.7
(0.421)
6.6
(0.26)
603.0
(23.74)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.2 5.3 6.0 8.9 12.4 14.4 13.9 13.5 11.7 9.0 7.2 7.9 116.4
 % humidity 75 74 67 62 63 75 81 84 78 71 73 76 73.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 169.8 192.0 239.3 222.1 240.9 225.7 215.7 203.7 213.7 189.4 159.2 141.0 2,412.5
Percent possible sunshine 61 66 65 55 53 48 46 47 57 56 56 53 54
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Administrative divisions[edit]

There are six towns and two townships in the county:[4]

Towns (镇)[edit]

Townships (乡)[edit]

Demographics[edit]

The population of the district was 234,662 in 1999.[5]

Transport[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Google Inc. "Tonghe". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://www.google.com/maps/place/Tonghe,+Harbin,+Heilongjiang,+China,+150900/@45.9902593,128.7464778,13z/data=!4m2!3m1!1s0x5e5ac232fc8d8051:0xf75c4473b1e9c579. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
  2. ^ Harbin Statistical Yearbook 2011 (《哈尔滨统计年鉴2011》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  3. ^ 2010 Census Harbin primary statistics report (《哈尔滨市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  4. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:通河县 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-02-10. 
  5. ^ National Population Statistics Materials by County and City - 1999 Period, in China County & City Population 1999, Harvard China Historical GIS

External links[edit]