Suihua (Chinese: 绥化; pinyin: Suīhuà) is a prefecture-level city in west-central Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, adjacent to Yichun to the east, Harbin, the provincial capital, to the south, Daqing to the west and Heihe to the north. It has 5,416,439 inhabitants at the 2010 census, of whom 877,682 live in the metro area made of Beilin District.
|#||Name||Hanzi||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010 est.)||Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|1||Beilin District||北林区||Běilín Qū||877,682||2,723||320|
|2||Anda City||安达市||Āndá Shì||472,716||3,586||142|
|3||Zhaodong City||肇东市||Zhàodōng Shì||903,171||4,330||215|
|4||Hailun City||海伦市||Hǎilún Shì||769,925||4,667||176|
|5||Wangkui County||望奎县||Wàngkuí Xiàn||428,760||2,299||209|
|6||Lanxi County||兰西县||Lánxī Xiàn||454,526||2,499||188|
|7||Qinggang County||青冈县||Qīnggāng Xiàn||474,553||2,686||156|
|8||Qing'an County||庆安县||Qìng'ān Xiàn||382,416||5,607||68|
|9||Mingshui County||明水县||Míngshuǐ Xiàn||320,985||2,308||147|
|10||Suileng County||绥棱县||Suíléng Xiàn||331,705||4,506||73|
Suihua's history can be stretched back to over 10,000 years ago. As early as in the Paleolithic Age, human beings started living in this area. The Sushen people, the ancestors of the Manchu, inhabited in this region During the Xia Dynasty and Shang Dynasty. During the Yuan Dynasty, agriculture developed rapidly in Suihua.
Suihua has been inhabited by many ethnic minority groups, such as Mongols and Koreans since the Ming Dynasty. In the Qing Period, Suihua was known as Bei Tuanlinzi(北团林子) during the early days of its administrative history in 1885.
Suihua is approved to become a prefecture-level city in 1999, and officially designated a prefecture-level city on June 14, 2000.
Suihua is located in the northern part of the Songnen Plain, and situated in the central part of Heilongjiang Province. Bordering prefectures are:
- Daqing (W)
- Harbin (S)
- Heihe (N)
- Qiqihar (NW)
- Yichun (E)
The city is located at latitude 45° 03′–48° 02′ N and longitude 124° 13′–128° 30' E. The total area of the city is 35,211 square kilometres (13,595 sq mi).
Suihua has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), with long, bitterly cold, but dry winters, and humid, very warm summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −20.9 °C (−5.6 °F) in January to 22.3 °C (72.1 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 2.78 °C (37.0 °F). A majority of the annual precipitation occurs in July and August alone.
|Climate data for Suihua (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||−14.8
|Average low °C (°F)||−26.6
|Precipitation mm (inches)||3.0
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||5.5||4.9||4.7||7.1||9.8||13.9||14.0||13.3||10.4||7.0||6.3||6.8||103.7|
|Source: Weather China|
As an agricultural production hub in Heilongjiang province, Suihua's GDP has reached RMB 73.34 billion in 2010, an increase of 14.8 percent over the previous year. To the city's GDP, the main contributors are the agricultural sector and service sector. Petrochemicals, textiles and machinery are some other pillar industries in Suihua.
The railway station of Suihua is located at the crossing of Taiping Road (太平路) and Beilin Road (北林路) in the eastern region of the city proper. The Harbin-Jiamusi Railway and the Harbin-Heihe Railway connect the city with Harbin, Jiamusi and several other cities in Heilongjiang Province. There are also buses to Daqing, Qiqihar and other cities in Heilongjiang.
- Suihua Official Website (Chinese)