Acheng District

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Acheng
阿城区
District
Acheng is located in Heilongjiang
Acheng
Acheng
Location in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 45°32′55″N 126°57′29″E / 45.54861°N 126.95806°E / 45.54861; 126.95806Coordinates: 45°32′55″N 126°57′29″E / 45.54861°N 126.95806°E / 45.54861; 126.95806
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
Sub-provincial city Harbin
Township-level divisions 9 subdistricts
8 towns
1 township
1 ethnic township
District seat Jincheng Subdistrict (金城街道)
Area[1]
 • Total 2,680 km2 (1,030 sq mi)
Elevation 147 m (482 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 596,856
 • Density 220/km2 (580/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 150300
Area code(s) 0451

Acheng (Chinese: 阿城; pinyin: Àchéng; Manchu: Alchuka) is an administrative county-level district of Harbin, People's Republic of China. As of 2010, it had a population of 596,856 residing in an area of 2,680 square kilometres (1,030 sq mi),[1] and is 29 km (18 mi) southeast of downtown Harbin, 190 km (120 mi) north of Jilin City, and around 50 km (31 mi) south of the Songhua River. It lies within the basin of, and was until 1909 considered synonymous with, the Ashi River (Chinese: 阿什河; pinyin: Āshíhé; Wade–Giles: A-shih-ho).[2] The district administers nine subdistricts, eight towns, one township, and one ethnic township.

History[edit]

The city of Acheng has a long history. It is the site of the ruins of Huining, a prefecture in Shangjing which served as the first capital (1122–1234) of the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234), and a subsidiary capital after 1173.[2] There is currently a museum at the site, about 2 km (1.2 mi) south of the Acheng urban area.

Acheng County was established in 1909. It was designated a county-level city in 1987.

Population[edit]

Year Urban population Total population
1994[1] 219,500 631,700
2010 596,856

Administrative divisions[edit]

Acheng is divided into nine subdistricts, eight towns, one township, and one ethnic township:[3]

Subdistricts:

Towns:

Townships:

Commerce[edit]

The area is rich in mineral resources, including sources of rock, volcanic rock, granite, molybdenum, zinc, lead, iron,[1] and copper.

The agricultural strengths of the area are grain production and cattle.[1] Grain production is strong, having produced 33,100 tons of grain in 2002; much of this grain is essential in feeding the important city of Harbin.

Acheng is a major industrial area for Heilongjiang, with over 300 types of enterprises, including textile,[1] electromechanics, food, building materials[1] (especially brickworks), metallurgy, breweries fueled by the local grain, sugar refineries, a flax plant,[2] iron, steel,[1] and the production of medicine. In 1996 a new technology industrial development zone was created on the western side of the city to encourage the development of high technology, export-oriented industry.

Tourism is also a growing part of the local economy. Acheng is located on the popular tourist route serving Harbin, the Yabuli ski resort, Lake Jingpo, and Xingkai Lake. A number of historic and nature reserves in the area also attract visitors.

Transport[edit]

The city of Acheng is a 50 km (31 mi) drive from Harbin Taiping International Airport.

The Harbin–Suifenhe Railway (part of the original Chinese Eastern Railway) passes through the district. There are over twenty commuter rail lines in the rural area.

G10 Suifenhe–Manzhouli Expressway and China National Highway 301 both connect the district to downtown Harbin.

People of note[edit]

  • Huang Taihua: artist born in Acheng (1947), director of the Academy of Fine Arts of Acheng, director of the Heilongjiang Artists Association.
  • Zhao Weichen: President of China Unicom, born in Acheng (1929)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Cohen 1998, p. 12
  2. ^ a b c Hoiberg 2010, p. 1
  3. ^ Anon 2012

References[edit]

External links[edit]