Yilan County, Heilongjiang

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Yilan County
依兰县
County
Yilan is located in Heilongjiang
Yilan
Yilan
Location in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 46°20′N 129°34′E / 46.333°N 129.567°E / 46.333; 129.567Coordinates: 46°20′N 129°34′E / 46.333°N 129.567°E / 46.333; 129.567
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
Sub-provincial city Harbin
Area
 • Total 4,616 km2 (1,782 sq mi)
Elevation 97 m (321 ft)
Population
 • Total 400,000
 • Density 87/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website hrbyl.gov.cn

Yilan County (simplified Chinese: 依兰县; traditional Chinese: 依蘭縣; pinyin: Yīlán Xiàn) is a county of central Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. It administratively belonging to Harbin, the provincial capital, more than 240 kilometres (150 mi) to the west. Its county seat, which is also called Yilan (Yilan Town, Yilan zhen), is located near the confluence of the Mudan River (formerly known as the Hurka River) with the Sungari.

Transportation[edit]

History[edit]

A German map from 1891 showing San sing at the fall of the Hurka River into the Sungari

During the rule of the Ming Dynasty in China, Yilan, formerly known as Sanxing (三姓; Wade-Giles: San-hsing; historically also Romanized as San Sing[1]), was one of the two important centers of the Jianzhou Jurchens of the Hurka River valley. (The other center was Ninguta in the upper reaches of the Hurka).[2]

The town retained its importance into the Qing period, and in 1692 became the seat of a Deputy Lieutenant-General (副都統計, fu dutong). Subordinated to the Governor General (jiangjun) in Jilin City. the Sanxing Fu dutong was in control of the northeastern section of the Jilin Province (which in those days was much larger than now) - a large region stretching northeast along the Sungari and the Amur to the Pacific Ocean.[3]

In 1887, three British travelers - H.E.M. James, Francis Younghusband and Harry English Fulford visited Sanxing on their tour of Manchuria. According to Fulford's account, the town had the population of around 10,000, trade in furs and fish (salmon and sturgeon) being its main industries.[1]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Yilan County (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −12.9
(8.8)
−7.5
(18.5)
1.8
(35.2)
13.0
(55.4)
20.4
(68.7)
25.0
(77)
27.5
(81.5)
25.8
(78.4)
20.3
(68.5)
11.4
(52.5)
−0.7
(30.7)
−10.4
(13.3)
9.5
(49.0)
Average low °C (°F) −22.7
(−8.9)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−10.8
(12.6)
−0.6
(30.9)
6.8
(44.2)
13.5
(56.3)
17.6
(63.7)
15.9
(60.6)
8.3
(46.9)
−0.4
(31.3)
−10.5
(13.1)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−1.8
(28.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 2.5
(0.098)
3.8
(0.15)
9.4
(0.37)
22.7
(0.894)
54.2
(2.134)
93.1
(3.665)
130.9
(5.154)
124.5
(4.902)
58.9
(2.319)
38.2
(1.504)
10.7
(0.421)
6.7
(0.264)
555.6
(21.875)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.5 4.2 5.8 8.1 12.1 14.4 13.6 13.0 10.9 8.5 6.2 6.2 107.5
Source: Weather China

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fulford, H. (1887), "Mr. Fulford's Journeys in Manchuria", Scottish geographical magazine (Royal Scottish Geographical Society.) 3 
  2. ^ Lattimore, Owen (2008). Manchuria - Cradle of Conflict. Modern reprint by READ BOOKS. pp. 14, 33. ISBN 1-4437-2496-3. 
  3. ^ 吉林省历史沟沉 (An exploration of the history of Jilin Province). There is also same article converted to HTML by Google

External links[edit]