Shariff Kabunsuan

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For the person after which the former province was named, see Mohammed Kabungsuwan.
Province of Shariff Kabunsuan
Former province of Philippines

2006–2008

Coat of arms of Shariff Kabunsuan

Coat of arms

Location of Shariff Kabunsuan
Capital Datu Odin Sinsuat
7°08′N 124°18′E / 7.133°N 124.300°E / 7.133; 124.300Coordinates: 7°08′N 124°18′E / 7.133°N 124.300°E / 7.133; 124.300
Governor None declared officially nor took office
History
 -  Established 29 October 2006
 -  Disestablished 17 July 2008
Area
 -  2007 7,142 km2 (2,758 sq mi)
Population
 -  2007 1,273,715 
Density 178.3 /km2  (461.9 /sq mi)
Today part of Maguindanao

Shariff Kabunsuan was a province of the Philippines within the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) that existed from 2006 to 2008. The law establishing the province was nullified by the Supreme Court of the Philippines in 2008.

History[edit]

Shariff Kabunsuan was established under Muslim Mindanao Autonomy Act No. 201 which provided for the creation of the new province comprising the municipalities of Barira, Buldon, Datu Odin Sinsuat, Kabuntalan, Matanog, Parang, Sultan Kudarat, Sultan Mastura, and Upi, all of the first legislative district of the mother province of Maguindanao. On October 29, 2006, the creation of the new province of Shariff Kabunsuan was ratified by the affirmative majority (285,372) votes cast in a plebiscite. Only 8,802 voted for its rejection. A new municipality within the province, Northern Kabuntalan, was subsequently established after its creation was ratified by the affirmative majority votes cast in a plebiscite.

The law establishing Shariff Kabunsuan was enacted by the Regional Assembly for the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao, the first such province established by that local body, which had been so empowered under Republic Act No. 9054 or the Expanded ARMM law. Shariff Kabunsuan was the first province since Philippine independence that was not established through an Act of Congress.

At the time of its creation, Shariff Kabunsuan was the Philippines' 80th province and the sixth in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. The province was named after Shariff Mohammed Kabungsuwan, an Arab-Malay Islamic preacher who introduced Islam to central Mindanao in the 16th century.

Cotabato City, which is independently governed and does not vote for provincial officials, belongs to neither Maguindanao nor Shariff Kabunsuan. However, for the purposes of congressional representation the said city was grouped with Shariff Kabunsuan, as per Section 5 of MMA Act No. 201.

Supreme Court[edit]

On July 17, 2008, the Supreme Court, in Sema v. Comelec declared the creation of the province of Shariff Kabunsuan void and ruled that the power of ARMM’s legislature to create provinces and cities is unconstitutional.[1] The Supreme Court in particular held that only the national Congress was empowered to create provinces and cities because the creation of such necessarily included the power to create legislative districts, which explicitly under the Philippine Constitution was within the sole prerogative of Congress to establish. Consequently, the Court also declared unconstitutional the power of the Regional Assembly to create provinces and cities within the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao.[2]

Despite a motion for reconsideration filed by ARMM officials, the Supreme Court reaffirmed its ruling in January 2009, thereby rendering its decision as final.[3]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Shariff Kabunsuan was composed of 11 municipalities in two Sanggunian districts:

First District[edit]

Municipality No. of
Barangays
Population
(in 2000)
Area
(km²)
Population density
(per km²)
Barira
14
18,296
380.0
48.1
Buldon
15
26,903
357.20
75.3
Matanog
  8
19,006
53.39
356.0
Parang
23
102,602
234.59
Sultan Mastura
13
15,910
114.36
139.1
Sultan Kudarat (Nuling)
39
78,951
611.51

Second District[edit]

Municipality No. of
Barangays
Population
(in 2000)
Area
(km²)
Population density
(per km²)
Datu Blah T. Sinsuat
12
12,916
Datu Odin Sinsuat (Dinaig)
34
71,569
503.20
142.2
Kabuntalan (Tumbao)
17
13,464
219.34
Northern Kabuntalan
11
  9,673
Upi
23
38,225
896.10

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ABS-CBN News Online (Beta)
  2. ^ abs-cbnnews.com, Supreme Court voids creation of Shariff Kabunsuan
  3. ^ Edwin O. Fernandez (2009-01-11). "SC rules Shariff Kabunsuan is no more". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2009-01-15. 

External links[edit]