Provincial boards in the Philippines

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The Sangguniang Panlalawigan (English: Provincial Council), commonly known as the Provincial Board, is the name given to the legislatures of each of the provinces in the Philippines. They pass ordinances and resolutions and their powers and responsibilities are defined by the Local Government Code of 1991.[1]

History[edit]

During the early period of Spanish colonization, newly conquered areas were designated as encomiendas which were headed by an encomendero chosen by the Spanish from among the ranks of the powerful local nobles. Encomiendas were organized only for the purposes of collecting tribute that went in part to the Roman Catholic Church, the Spanish army, and to the Royal Treasury. Later on areas which were organized and given the designation of "province" (provincia) were led by an appointed alcalde who performed judicial, fiscal and executive functions. This system of government lasted for almost three hundred years until 1886 when a governor (gobernador) was first appointed in each of the eighteen existing provinces, relegating the alcalde to carry out only judicial functions.[2]

American rule brought radical changes to the system of local government in the country. In 1901 the Philippine Commission enacted Act No. 83, known as the Provincial Government Act, which outlined the powers, responsibilities and composition of the provincial government. Each regularly organized province was provided a Provincial Board composed of three provincial officials: the governor, the treasurer, and a "third member" who in most cases was known as the supervisor. The governor in regularly organized provinces under civilian control were initially elected by municipal vice-presidents and councilors within the province through a convention held in the provincial capital every even-numbered year.[2] As civil government took hold, the governorship was made elective. The composition of provincial boards were also later modified, with the treasurer and "third member" taken out and replaced by two members elected by popular vote. Not all provinces had the same type of government. Officials in specially organized provinces (those termed "Non-Christian provinces") were appointed by the Governor-General with the approval of the Philippine Commission[3] until legislation gradually brought each of them in line with regularly organized provinces, that by the time of independence in 1946 all provinces had largely similar governments.

The passage of Republic Act No. 2264 (the "Local Autonomy Act") on June 19, 1959 not only granted greater autonomy to local governments, but also expanded the composition of the Provincial Board by creating a new elective office, the vice-governorship, as well as providing for provinces of the first, second and third income class to have one additional elected board member.[4] However, the Board still had limited real legislative powers, as the provincial government was merely serving as an extension of national government.[5] Republic Act No. 5185 was enacted in 1967 with the intention of decentralizing authority and further empowering local governments to address the needs of their constituents more effectively.[6]

By virtue of Presidential Decree No. 826 issued by President Ferdinand Marcos on November 14, 1975[7] all existing governing boards and councils in each province, city and municipality were renamed Sangguniang Bayan. The province-level Sangguniang Bayan (later given the name Sangguniang Panlalawigan,[8] commonly abbreviated to SP) consisted of all the incumbent provincial board members (including the governor and vice-governor), plus a representative from each municipality within the province, and the provincial president of the Katipunan ng Mga Kabataang Barangay or Association of Barangay Youth.[7]

Batas Pambansa Blg. 51, enacted in 1979, standardized the composition of all provincial legislatures by reducing the membership of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan. All provinces were entitled to 6 elective SP members, unless they had more than one million residents (8 members) or less than 100,000 residents (4 members). Direct municipal representation was eliminated, and in its place was indirect "grassroots" representation through the president of the provincial association of barangay chairmen who was appointed by the President, who also happened to be the Prime Minister. Other members of the new Sanggunian were the governor and the vice governor, both elected by popular vote, and the president of the provincial federation of the Kabataang Barangay, appointed by the President/Prime Minister.[9] The provincial government's jurisdiction over chartered cities, which became a point of contention in the Supreme Court case Teves v. COMELEC,[10] was resolved in BP 51 by placing only cities not classified as "highly urbanized" under the scope of provincial government.

The powers and duties of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan was codified under Batas Pambansa Blg. 337, also known as the Local Government Code of 1983. The governor served as an ex officio member, who did not vote except only to break a tie, but had the power to veto items within, or entire, Sanggunian ordinances and resolutions. However the veto can be overridden by a two-thirds vote of all voting SP members.[11]

The Sangguniang Panlalawigan was retained as the legislative branch of all provincial governments under the 1987 Constitution and the Local Government Code of 1991. However, unlike the old Provincial Boards or the pre-1992 Sanggunian, which included in their memberships provincial executives, under current laws the governor is not considered as a Sanggunian member (although he or she retains the power to veto SP legislation, which can still be overridden by a two-thirds vote of all voting members), and the vice-governor, who has now become the presiding officer, only participates in breaking ties in voting. Since 1992 SP members are elected from districts to ensure geographical representation, and the size of the province's Sanggunian was dependent on its income classification rather than population.[1]

Powers, duties and functions[edit]

The powers, duties and functions of the Sanggunian are outlined in Section 468 of the Local Government Code of 1991.[1] The legislative body is tasked in general to "enact ordinances, approve resolutions and appropriate funds for the general welfare of the province and its inhabitants... in the proper exercise of the corporate powers of the province." Its powers, duties and functions are outlined into five broad mandates:

  • "Approve ordinances and pass resolutions necessary for an efficient and effective provincial government," which includes:
    • Reviewing all ordinances approved by the Sangguniang Panlungsod and Sangguniang Bayan of the province's component cities and municipalities to ensure that they and their mayors are within their scope of powers as outlined in the Local Government Code
    • Enacting measures to maintain peace and order and imposing penalties on violations of such ordinances
    • Approving ordinances that impose fines and/or imprisonment for violations of provincial ordinances
    • Adopt measures to protect the inhabitants of the province from harmful effects of man-made or natural disasters, and provide relief services and assistance for victims not only during and in the aftermath of disasters and calamities, but also in their "return to productive livelihood" following the events
    • Enacting ordinances intended to prevent, suppress and impose appropriate penalties for "activities inimical to the welfare and morals of the inhabitants of the province," such as prostitution, juvenile delinquency and drug addiction.
    • Protect the environment and impose appropriate penalties for acts which endanger the environment
    • Determine the powers and duties of officials and employees of the province in accordance with the Local Government Code and pertinent laws, and also determine their wages, salaries, allowances, honorariums, compensation and other emoluments and benefits, and provide for expenditures necessary to properly carry out programs, projects, services and activities of the provincial government
    • Provide a mechanism (and appropriate funding for it) to ensure the safety and protection of all provincial government property, public documents and records
    • When the finances of the provincial government allow, provide for additional allowances or other benefits to officials and public servants working in the province
  • "Generate and maximize the use of resources and revenues for the development plans, program objectives and priorities of the province... with particular attention to agro-industrial development and country-wide growth and progress and relative thereto," which involve the following:
    • Enact annual and supplemental appropriations of the provincial government and appropriate funds for specific programs, projects, services and activities of the province, or for other purposes not contrary to law, in order to promote the general welfare of the province and its inhabitants
    • Subject to the provisions of Book II of the Local Government Code and applicable laws and upon the majority vote of all the members of the sangguniang panlalawigan:
      • Enact ordinances levying taxes, fees and charges, prescribing the rates thereof for general and specific purposes, and granting tax exemptions, incentives or reliefs
      • Authorize the provincial governor to negotiate and contract loans and other forms of indebtedness
      • Enact ordinances authorizing the floating of bonds or other instruments of indebtedness, for the purpose of raising funds to finance development projects
    • Appropriate funds for the construction and maintenance or the rental of buildings for the use of the province; and upon the majority vote of all the members of the sangguniang panlalawigan, authorize the provincial governor to lease to private parties such public buildings held in a proprietary capacity, subject to existing laws, rules and regulations
    • Prescribe reasonable limits and restraints on the use of property within the jurisdiction of the province
    • Review the comprehensive land use plans and zoning ordinances of component cities and municipalities and adopt a comprehensive provincial land use plan, subject to existing laws
    • Adopt measures to enhance the full implementation of the national agrarian reform program in coordination with the Department of Agrarian Reform
  • "Grant franchises, approve the issuance of permits or licenses, or enact ordinances levying taxes, fees and charges upon such conditions and for such purposes," which include the power to:
    • Fix and impose reasonable fees and charges for all services rendered by the provincial government to private persons or entities
    • Regulate and fix the license fees for such activities as provided for under the Local Government Code
  • "Approve ordinances which shall ensure the efficient and effective delivery of basic services and facilities" and, in addition to the services and facilities outlined in Section 17 of the Local Government Code, also:
    • Adopt measures and safeguards against pollution and for the preservation of the natural ecosystem in the province, in consonance with approved standards on human settlements and environmental sanitation
    • Subject to applicable laws, facilitate or provide for the establishment and maintenance of waterworks system or district waterworks for supplying water to inhabitants of component cities and municipalities
    • Provide for the establishment and operation of vocational and technical schools and similar post-secondary institutions; and, with the approval of the Department of Education and subject to existing laws on tuition fees, fix reasonable tuition fees and other school charges in educational institutions supported by the provincial government
    • Establish a scholarship fund for the poor but deserving students in schools located within its jurisdiction or for students residing within the province
    • Approve measures and adopt quarantine regulations to prevent the introduction and spread of diseases within its territorial jurisdiction
    • Provide for the care of "needy and disadvantaged persons, particularly children and youth below eighteen (18) years of age"
      • Establish and support the operation of centers and facilities for them and facilitate efforts to promote the welfare of families below the poverty threshold, the disadvantaged, and the exploited
    • Establish and provide the maintenance and improvement of jails and detention centers, institute a sound jail management program, and appropriate funds for the subsistence of detainees and convicted prisoners in the province
    • Establish a provincial council whose purpose is the promotion of culture and the arts, coordinate with government agencies and non-governmental organizations and appropriate funds for the support and development of the same
    • Establish a provincial council for the elderly which shall formulate policies and adopt measures mutually beneficial to the elderly and to the province, and appropriate funds and provide incentives for NGOs to support the programs and projects of the elderly
  • "Exercise such other powers and perform such other duties and functions as may be prescribed by law or ordinance"

Composition[edit]

Number of regular seats in every provincial board.

The Sangguniang Panlalawigan is composed of regularly elected members and ex officio members. The provincial vice-governor serves as its presiding officer, who do not vote except in cases to break a tie.

Regularly elected members are elected from Sangguniang Panlalawigan districts. The total number of SP members to be elected within the province, and the number within each SP district, varies depending on several factors, including the province's income class and the population count within districts.

Ex officio members in the Sanggunian include:

The Local Government Code of 1991 also provides for the election of 3 "sectoral representatives,"[1] which are supposed to come from:

  • women's sector
  • agricultural or industrial sector
  • other sectors, including the disabled, the urban poor, or indigenous cultural communities

Although several attempts have been made in the past to provide for the election of these sectoral representatives, the lack of a more concrete enabling law upon which the manner of election of these sectoral representatives can be legally based continues to prevent this feature of local governments from being fully realized.[12]

Allocation and apportionment of regularly elected members[edit]

The number of regular Sanggunian members is based on the income of the province as classified by the Department of Finance. The Commission on Elections issues resolutions allocating the number regular members of the Sanggunian a province may elect should a province's income classification change. First-class and second-class provinces have 10 regularly elected members, 8 for third- and fourth-class provinces and 6 for fifth- and sixth-class provinces. Exceptions to the rule are provinces which are divided into more than five congressional districts. Each Sangguniang Panlalawigan district in the provinces of Cavite, Cebu, Negros Occidental and Pangasinan elect two members to the Sanggunian, resulting in a total number of 14 regularly elected SP members in Cavite, and 12 in the three other provinces.

The Commission on Elections apportions the number of Sanggunian members among the SP districts into which the province is divided. As much as possible, the members are equally divided among the legislative districts. If such equal division is improbable the remaining numbers are assigned to the districts with a bigger population count than the others. The COMELEC likewise factors out the population of independent cities which do not elect provincial officials in determining the apportionment of the Sanggunian members among the districts. Provinces which are composed only of one congressional district are divided into two sanggunian districts by the COMELEC for purposes of electing SP members.

A majority of Sangguniang Panlalawigan districts are contiguous to existing congressional districts. The exceptions are the following:

  • Provinces which comprise a lone congressional district are divided into two Sanggunian districts by the COMELEC.
  • Congressional districts that encompass independent cities which are not allowed to participate in provincial politics.
  • The 4th SP district of Bulacan encompasses the entire 4th Congressional district of Bulacan plus the city of San Jose del Monte, which in 2004 started to elect its own congressional representative but was not separated by law to constitute its own Sangguniang Panlalawigan district.

The following is a table with the number of members elected from each SP district, showing the apportionment in place for the 2010 elections:

Allocation and composition of regularly elected members per Sangguniang Panlalawigan district
Provincea Total 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th Article Governor
(party)
Vice-governor
(party)
Party composition
Abra
8
4
4
Board Eustaquio Bersamin
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Rolando Semera
(Lakas-Kampi)
4 Lakas-Kampi, 3 Liberal, 1 Independent
Agusan del Norte
8
1b
7
Board Erlpe John Amante
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Enrico Corvera
(Lakas-Kampi)
8 Lakas-Kampi
Agusan del Sur
10
5
5
Board Adolph Plaza
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Santiago Cane, Jr.
(Lakas-Kampi)
9 Lakas-Kampi, 1 independent
Aklan
10
5
5
Board Carlito Marquez
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Gabrielle Calizo-Quimpo
(Nacionalista)
7 Lakas-Kampi, 2 PMP, 1 Bagumbayan-VNP
Albay
10
3
3
4
Board Joey Salceda
(Liberal)
Harold Imperial
(Lakas-Kampi)
6 Lakas-Kampi, 2 Liberal, 1 Nacionalista, 1 independent
Antique
10
5
5
Board Exequiel Javier
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Rosie Dimamay
(Lakas-Kampi)
6 Lakas-Kampi, 1 NPC, 1 PMP, 2 independent
Apayao
8
4
4
Board Elias K. Bulut, Sr.
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Hector Pascua
(Lakas-Kampi)
8 Lakas-Kampi
Aurora
8
4
4
Board Bellaflor Angara-Castillo
(LDP)
Gerardo Noveras
(Liberal)
7 LDP, 1 Nacionalista
Basilan
8
4
4
Board Jum Jainuddin-Akbar
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Al Rasheed Sakkalahul
(Lakas-Kampi)
5 Lakas-Kampi, 1 Liberal, 1 Nacionalista, 1 Independent
Bataan
10
5
5
Board Enrique Garcia
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Efren Pascual
(Nacionalista)
7 Lakas-Kampi, 2 Liberal, 1 Nacionalista
Batanes
6
3
3
Board Vicente Gato
(Liberal)
Ferdinand Elica
(Lakas-Kampi)
3 Liberal, 2 Nacionalista, 1 Lakas-Kampi
Batangas
10
2
3
2
3
Board Vilma Santos-Recto
(Liberal)
Tony Leviste
(Liberal)
5 Liberal, 4 Lakas-Kampi, 1 Nacionalista
Benguet
10
4
6
Board Nestor Fongwan
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Crencencio Pacalso
(Lakas-Kampi)
8 Lakas-Kampi, 1 NPC, 1 independent
Biliran
8
4
4
Board Gerardo Espina, Jr
(Nacionalista)
Manuel Montejo, Jr.
(Lakas-Kampi)
5 Nacionalista, 2 Lakas-Kampi, 1 independent
Bohol
10
3
3
4
Board Edgardo M. Chatto
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Concepcion Lim
(Lakas-Kampi)
5 Lakas-Kampi, 3 Nacionalista, 1 PDP-Laban, 1 independent
Bukidnon
10
3
4
3
Board Alex P. Calingasan
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Jose Maria Zubiri, Jr.
(Lakas-Kampi)
8 Lakas-Kampi, 2 Liberal
Bulacan
10
3
2
2
3c
Board Wilhelmino M. Sy-Alvarado
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Daniel Fernando
(Lakas-Kampi)
7 Liberal, 2 Lakas-Kampi, 1 Nacionalista
Cagayan
10
3
3
4
Board Alvaro Antonio
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Leonides Fausto
(Nacionalista)
5 Lakas-Kampi, 2 Nacionalista, 1 Liberal, 1 NPC, 1 independent
Camarines Norte
10
5
5
Board Edgardo Tallado
(Liberal)
Jonah Pimentel
(Lakas-Kampi)
7 Lakas-Kampi, 3 Liberal
Camarines Sur
10
1
2
2d
2
3
Board Luis Raymond Villafuerte, Jr.
(Nacionalista)
Fortunato Peña
(Nacionalista)
6 Nacionalista, 3 NPC, 1 Lakas-Kampi
Camiguin
6
3
3
Board Jurdin Jesus M. Romualdo
(NPC)
Leo Lasacar
(Lakas-Kampi)
6 Lakas-Kampi
Capiz
10
5
5
Board Victor Tangco
(Liberal)
Esteban Contreras
(Liberal)
5 Liberal, 4 Lakas-Kampi, 1 UK Capiz
Catanduanes
8
4
4
Board Joseph Cua
(Nacionalista)
Jose Teves, Jr.
(Lakas-Kampi)
4 Nacionalista, 2 NPC, 1 Lakas-Kampi, 1 independent
Cavite
14
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
Board Juanito Victor C. Remulla Jr.
(Nacionalista)
Recto Cantimbuhan
(Liberal)
7 Liberal, 3 Nacionalista, 3 Lakas-Kampi, 1 Aksyon Demokratiko
Cebu
12
2
2
2
2
2
2e
Board Hilario P. Davide III
(Liberal Party)
Agnes Magpale
(Bakud)
6 Liberal, 2 Bakud, 2 One Cebu, 2 NUP
Compostela Valley
10
5
5
Board Arturo T. Uy
(Nacionalista)
Ramil Gentugaya
(Lakas-Kampi)
8 Lakas-Kampi, 1 Liberal, 1 independent
Cotabato
10
5
5
Board Emmylou J. Taliño-Mendoza
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Gregorio Ipong
(Lakas-Kampi)
9 Lakas-Kampi, 1 Liberal
Davao del Norte
10
5
5
Board Rodolfo P. del Rosario
(Liberal)
Victorino Suaybaguio, Jr.
(Liberal)
5 Lakas-Kampi, 4 Liberal, 1 independent
Davao del Sur
10
5
5
Board Douglas Ra. Cagas
(Nacionalista)
Arsenio Latasa
(NPC)
5 Nacionalista, 2 NPC, 1 Lakas-Kampi, 2 Independent
Davao Oriental
10
5
5
Board Corazon Nunez-Malanyaon
(Nacionalista)
Jose Mayo Almario
(Lakas-Kampi)
5 Nacionalista, 2 Lakas-Kampi, 1 Liberal, 2 Independent
Eastern Samar
10
5
5
Board Conrado B. Nicart Jr.
(Nacionalista)
Christopher Gonzales
(Lakas-Kampi)
7 Lakas-Kampi, 2 Nacionalista, 1 PDSP
Guimaras
8
4
4
Board Felipe Hilan A. Nava
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Aurelio Tionado
(Lakas-Kampi)
6 Lakas-Kampi, 2 Nacionalista
Ifugao
8
4
4
Board Eugene M. Balitang
(Liberal)
Pedro Mayam-o
(Liberal)
3 Lakas-Kampi, 3 Nacionalista, 2 Independent
Ilocos Norte
10
5
5
Board Ma. Imelda Josefa R. Marcos
(Nacionalista)
Eugenio Barba
(Lakas-Kampi)
4 Nacionalista, 2 Lakas-Kampi, 1 KBL, 3 Independent
Ilocos Sur
10
5
5
Board Luis "Chavit" Singson
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Deogracias Savellano
(Lakas-Kampi)
10 Lakas-Kampi
Iloilo
10
2
2
2
2
2
Board Arthur D. Defensor, Sr.
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD/Nacionalista/PRP)
Oscar Garin, Jr.
(Lakas-Kampi)
5 Liberal, 4 Lakas-Kampi, 1 Nacionalista
Isabela
10
3
2
3
2f
Board Faustino "Bojie" G. Dy III
(NPC/Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Rodolfo Albano III
(Lakas-Kampi)
4 Bigkis Pinoy, 3 NPC, 2 Lakas-Kampi, 1 independent
Kalinga
8
4
4
Board Jocel Baac
(PMP)
Allen Jesse C. Mangaoang not available
La Union
10
5
5
Board Manuel Ortega
(NPC)
Aureo Nisce
(Lakas-Kampi)
not available
Laguna
10
3
3
2
2
Board Emilio Ramon Ejercito
(PMP)
Caesar Perez
(Bigkis Pinoy)
6 Lakas-Kampi, 2 Liberal, 2 Nacionalista
Lanao del Norte
10
5
5
Board Mohammad Khalid Q. Dimaporo
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Irma Ali
(Lakas-Kampi)
10 Lakas-Kampi
Lanao del Sur
10
5
5
Board Mamintal Alonto-Adiong, Jr.
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Arsad A. Marahombsar not available
Leyte
10
2g
2
2
2h
2
Board Jericho Petilla
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Ma. Mimietta Bagulaya
(Liberal)
9 Lakas-Kampi, 1 Liberal
Maguindanao
10
5i
5
Board Esmael Mangudadatu
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Ismael Mastura
(Lakas-Kampi)
2 Bagumbayan-VNP, 1 Aksyon Demokratiko, 7 Independent
Marinduque
8
4
4
Board Carmencita Reyes
(Liberal)
Antonio Uy
(Liberal)
5 Liberal, 1 Lakas-Kampi, 2 Independent
Masbate
10
2
4
4
Board Rizalina L. Seachon-Lañete
(NPC)
Vicente Revil
(NPC)
3 Lakas-Kampi, 3 NPC, 2 Nacionalista, 1 PMP, 1 Independent
Misamis Occidental
10
5
5
Board Herminia M. Ramiro
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Henry Oaminal
(Nacionalista)
6 Nacionalista, 4 Lakas-Kampi
Misamis Oriental
10
5
5
Board Oscar S. Moreno
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD/PaDayon Pilipino)
Norris Babiera, Sr. (Lakas-Kampi) 5 Lakas-Kampi, 3 PMP, 1 Liberal, 1 Nacionalista
Mountain Province
8
4
4
Board Leonard Mayaen
(Nacionalista)
Bonifacio Jr. C. Lacwasan not available
Negros Occidental
12
2
2
2
2
2
2
Board Alfredo G. Marañon, Jr.
(NPC)
Eugenio Jose V. Lacson
(NPC)
5 Lakas-Kampi, 5 NPC, 2 Nacionalista
Negros Oriental
10
3
4
3
Board Roel C. Degamo Apolinario Arnaiz, Jr. not available
Northern Samar
10
5
5
Board Paul R. Daza
(Liberal)
Ramp Neilsen S. Uy
(Nacionalista)
8 Liberal, 2 Lakas-Kampi
Nueva Ecija
10
3
2
2
3
Board Aurelio Matias Umali
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD/Unang Sigaw Partido ng Pagbabago)
Rommel C. Padilla 8 Sigaw, 2 BALANE
Nueva Vizcaya
10
5
5
Board Luisa Lloren Cuaresma
(Nacionalista)
Jose Gambito
(Nacionalista)
7 Nacionalista, 3 Liberal
Occidental Mindoro
10
5
5
Board Josephine Ramirez-Sato
(NPC)
Mario Gene Mendiola
(NPC)
6 NPC, 2 Lakas-Kampi, 1 Liberal, 1 Nacionalista
Oriental Mindoro
10
5
5
Board Alfonso Umali, Jr.
(Liberal)
Humerlito Dolor
(Liberal)
6 Lakas-Kampi, 3 Liberal, 1 Independent
Palawan
10
5
5j
Board Abraham Mitra
(Liberal)
Clara Reyes
(Lakas-Kampi)
4 Lakas-Kampi, 4 PPP, 2 Liberal
Pampanga
10
2k
3
3
2
Board Lilia G. Pineda
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Yeng Guiao
(Lakas-Kampi)
7 Lakas-Kampi, 2 Nacionalista, 1 Independent
Pangasinan
12
2
2
2
2l
2
2
Board Amado Espino
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Jose Calimlim, Jr.
(Lakas-Kampi)
5 NPC, 4 Liberal, 3 Lakas-Kampi
Quezon
10
2
3m
2
3
Board David C. Suarez
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Vicente J. Alcala
(Independent)
7 Liberal, 1 Lakas-Kampi, 1 Nacionalista, 1 PDP-Laban
Quirino
8
4
4
Board Junie E. Cua
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
May Calaunan
(Liberal)
6 Lakas-Kampi, 2 Liberal
Rizal
10
4
4
1n
1o
Board Casimiro Ynares, III
(NPC)
Frisco Jr. S. San Juan not available
Romblon
8
4
4
Board Eduardo Firmalo
(Liberal)
Manuel Madrid
(NPC)
3 Lakas-Kampi, 3 NPC, 2 Liberal
Samar
10
5
5
Board Sharee Ann T. Tan
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Stephen James T. Tan not available
Sarangani
10
4
6
Board Miguel Rene Dominguez
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Steve Solon
(Lakas-Kampi)
9 PCM, 1 Lakas-Kampi
Siquijor
6
3
3
Board Orlando Fua, Jr.
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Andre Jesu Cortes (Lakas-Kampi) 6 Lakas-Kampi
Sorsogon
10
5
5
Board Raul Lee
(United Nationalist Alliance)
Antonio Escudero, Jr.
(Nationalist People's Coalition)
4 NPC, 2 Nacionalista, 1 UNA, 3 Independent
South Cotabato
10
3p
7
Board Arthur Y. Pingoy Jr
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Elmo Tolosa
(Lakas-Kampi)
4 NPC, 2 Lakas-Kampi, 2 PMP, 1 PDSP, 1 independent
Southern Leyte
8
4
4
Board Damian Mercado
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Miguel Maamo II
(Lakas-Kampi)
8 Lakas-Kampi
Sultan Kudarat
10
5
5
Board Suharto T. Mangudadatu
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Ernesto Matias
(Lakas-Kampi)
9 Lakas-Kampi, 1 Independent
Sulu
10
5
5
Board Abdusakur M. Tan
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Benjamin Loong
(NPC)
5 Lakas-Kampi, 5 NPC
Surigao del Norte
10
5
5
Board Sol Matugas
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Arturo Egay, Jr. (Lakas-Kampi) 5 Lakas-Kampi, 4 Nacionalista, 1 PP Surigao
Surigao del Sur
10
5
5
Board Johnny Pimentel
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Manuel Alameda, Sr.
(Lakas-Kampi)
9 Lakas-Kampi, 1 NPC
Tarlac
10
3
4
3
Board Victor Yap
(NPC)
Pearl Angeli Pacada
(Lakas-Kampi)
4 NPC, 3 Lakas-Kampi, 2 Liberal, 1 Nacionalista
Tawi-Tawi
8
4
4
Board Sadikul A. Sahali
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Ruby Sahali
(Lakas-Kampi)
6 Lakas-Kampi, 1 Liberal, 1 NPC
Zambales
10
3q
7
Board Hermogenes E. Ebdane, Jr.
(Reporma-LM)
Ramon G. Lacbain II 5 Liberal, 1 Lakas-Kampi, 1 Reporma-LM, 3 Independent
Zamboanga del Norte
10
2
4
4
Board Rolando Yebes
(Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Francis Olvis
(Lakas-Kampi)
10 Lakas-Kampi
Zamboanga del Sur
10
5
5
Board Antonio Cerilles
(NPC)
Juan Regala
(Lakas-Kampi)
10 Lakas-Kampi
Zamboanga Sibugay
10
5
5
Board Rommel A. Jalosjos
(Nacionalista)
Rey Olegario
(Nacionalista)
9 Nacionalista, 1 Lakas-Kampi
^a Provinces in italic are those which are represented in Congress by just one representative, and therefore were divided into two by COMELEC for the purpose of electing SP members.
^b The highly urbanized city of Butuan is excluded from the 1st SP district of Agusan del Norte, but for the purposes of congressional representation the city is grouped with a portion of the province.
^c The component city of San Jose del Monte is included in the 4th SP district of Bulacan, despite constituting its own congressional district.
^d The independent component city of Naga is excluded from the 3rd SP district of Camarines Sur, but for the purposes of congressional representation the city is grouped with a portion of that province's congressional representation.
^e The highly urbanized city of Mandaue is included in the 6th SP district and the 6th congressional district of Cebu, despite being an independent city.
^f The independent component city of Santiago is excluded from the 4th SP district of Isabela, but for the purposes of congressional representation the city is grouped with a portion of that province's congressional representation.
^g The highly urbanized city of Tacloban is excluded from the 1st SP district of Leyte, but for the purposes of congressional representation the city is grouped with a portion of that province's congressional representation.
^h The independent component city of Ormoc is excluded from the 4th SP district of Leyte, but for the purposes of congressional representation the city is grouped with a portion of that province's congressional representation.
^i The independent component city of Cotabato is excluded from the 1st SP district of Maguindanao, but for the purposes of congressional representation the city is grouped with a portion of that province's congressional representation.
^j The highly urbanized city of Puerto Princesa is excluded from the 2nd SP district of Palawan, but for the purposes of congressional representation the city is grouped with a portion of that province's congressional representation.
^k The highly urbanized city of Angeles is excluded from the 1st SP district of Pampanga, but for the purposes of congressional representation the city is grouped with a portion of that province's congressional representation.
^l The independent component city of Dagupan is excluded from the 4th SP district of Pangasinan, but for the purposes of congressional representation the city is grouped with a portion of that province's congressional representation.
^m The highly urbanized city of Lucena is included in the 2nd SP district and the 2nd congressional district of Quezon, despite being an independent city.
^n The component city of Antipolo elects two members to the Sangguniang Panlalawigan of Rizal. One of these two SP members is elected from an area of Antipolo contiguous to the city's 1st congressional district. While this provincial constituency has no formal designation, it serves as a de facto Sangguniang Panlalawigan district of Rizal.
^o The component city of Antipolo elects two members to the Sangguniang Panlalawigan of Rizal. One of these two SP members is elected from an area of Antipolo contiguous to the city's 2nd congressional district. While this provincial constituency has no formal designation, it serves as a de facto Sangguniang Panlalawigan district of Rizal.
^p The highly urbanized city of General Santos is excluded from the 1st SP district of South Cotabato, but for the purposes of congressional representation the city is grouped with a portion of that province's congressional representation.
^q The highly urbanized city of Olongapo is excluded from the 1st SP district of Zambales, but for the purposes of congressional representation the city is grouped with a portion of that province's congressional representation.

Historical provinces[edit]

The following provinces had elected Sangguniang Panlalawigan officials who served until the provinces became defunct, or until a new set of officials for the successor provinces had been elected in the next provincial elections:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Local Government Code of 1991
  2. ^ a b McGovney, Dudley Odell (1903). Civil Government in the Philippines. BiblioBazaar. p. 129. ISBN 978-0-559-69396-0. 
  3. ^ Worcester, Dean C. (1914). The Philippines: Past and Present. BiblioBazaar. p. 341. ISBN 978-1-4264-5850-7. 
  4. ^ Republic Act No. 2264 - Local Autonomy Act, Chan-Robles Law Library.
  5. ^ Eric Daenecke (February 1966). "Constitutional Law in the Philippines". ABA Journal (American Bar Association) 52 (2): 162. ISSN 0747-0088. 
  6. ^ Republic Act No. 5185 - Decentralization Act of 1967, Chan-Robles Law Library.
  7. ^ a b Presidential Decree No. 826, Chan-Robles Law Library]
  8. ^ Presidential Decree No. 925, Chan-Robles Law Library.
  9. ^ Batas Pambansa Blg. 51
  10. ^ Teves v. COMELEC, Philippine Laws and Jurisprudence Databank.
  11. ^ Batas Pambansa Blg. 337 - Local Government Code of 1983, Chan-Robles Law Library.
  12. ^ Local Sectoral Representation: A Legal Analysis.