Shigella boydii

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Shigella boydii
Shigella boydii 01.jpg
S. boydii on Hektoen enteric agar
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Gammaproteobacteria
Order: Enterobacteriales
Family: Enterobacteriaceae
Genus: Shigella
Species: S. boydii
Binomial name
Shigella boydii
Ewing 1949

Shigella boydii is a Gram-negative bacteria of the genus Shigella. Like other members of the genus, S. boydii is a nonmotile, nonsporeforming, rod-shaped bacterium which can cause dysentery in humans through fecal-oral contamination.[1][page needed]

S. boydii is the most genetically divergent species of the Shigella genus.[2] There are 19 known serotypes of Shigella boydii.[3][4][5] Shigella boydii is restricted to the Indian subcontinent.[4]

The species is named after the American bacteriologist Mark Frederick Boyd.[6][7]

Sequenced genomes[edit]

  • Shigella boydii strain BS512 (serotype 18; group 1): one chromosome; five plasmids

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ryan, Kenneth James; Ray, C. George, ed. (2004). Sherris medical microbiology: an introduction to infectious diseases (4 ed.). McGraw-Hill Professional Med/Tech. ISBN 978-0-8385-8529-0. 
  2. ^ Feng L, Senchenkova SN, Yang J, Shashkov AS, Tao J, Guo H, Zhao G, Knirel YA, Reeves P, Wang L (2004). "Structural and Genetic Characterization of the Shigella boydii Type 13 O Antigen". Journal of Bacteriology 186 (2): 383–392. doi:10.1128/JB.186.2.383-392.2004. PMC 305744. PMID 14702307. Retrieved February 14, 2012. 
  3. ^ Yang Z., Hu C., Chen J., Chen G., Liu Z. (1990). A new serotype of Shigella boydii. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao.; 30(4): 284-95
  4. ^ a b Yang F, Yang J, Zhang X, et al. (2005). "Genome dynamics and diversity of Shigella species, the etiologic agents of bacillary dysentery". Nucleic Acids Research 33 (19): 6445–6458. doi:10.1093/nar/gki954. PMC 1278947. PMID 16275786. Retrieved February 14, 2012. 
  5. ^ Pupo GM, Lan R, Reeves PR (September 2000). "Multiple independent origins of Shigella clones of Escherichia coli and convergent evolution of many of their characteristics". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97 (19): 10567–10572. doi:10.1073/pnas.180094797. PMC 27065. PMID 10954745. Retrieved February 14, 2012. 
  6. ^ Shigella boydii at Who Named It?
  7. ^ Mark Frederick Boyd at Who Named It?

External links[edit]