Shivanasamudra Falls

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Shivanasamudra Kaveri Falls
Barahachukki.jpg
Shivanasamudra Kaveri Falls
Location Mandya District, Karnataka, India
Coordinates 12°17′38″N 77°10′05″E / 12.294°N 77.168°E / 12.294; 77.168Coordinates: 12°17′38″N 77°10′05″E / 12.294°N 77.168°E / 12.294; 77.168
Type Segmented
Total height 98 metres (322 ft)
Number of drops Gaganachukki, Bharachukki
Watercourse Kaveri River
Average
flow rate
934 cubic metres/s (33,000 cubic ft/s)

Shivanasamudra (Kannada: ಶಿವನಸಮುದ್ರ) is a small town in the Mandya District of the state of Karnataka, India. It is situated on the banks of the river Kaveri, which forms here the boundary to the Chamarajanagar District, and is the location of one of the first Hydro-electric Power stations in Asia, which was set up in the year 1902.[1]

Waterfalls[edit]

The Shivanasamudra Falls is on the Kaveri River after the river has wound its way through the rocks and ravines of the Deccan Plateau and drops off to form waterfalls.[2] The island town of Shivanasamudra divides the river into twin waterfalls. This creates the fourth largest island in the rivers course. A group of ancient temples are located here and there likely was a village.

This is a segmented waterfall. Segmented waterfalls occur where the water flow is broken into two or more channels before dropping over a cliff, resulting in multiple side by side waterfalls. It has an average width of 305 meters, a height of 98 m, and an average volume of 934 cubic meters / sec. The maximum recorded volume is 18,887 cubic meters / sec. It is a perennial waterfall. The time of best flow are the monsoon season of July to October.[3]

A common misconception about these waterfalls are that the left segment is called Gaganachukki and the right segment is called Bharachukki. In reality the Bharachukki falls [1] are a few kilometers to the south-west of the Gaganachukki falls [2]. This is due to the Kaveri river itself splitting a few kilometers to the south into western and eastern branches [3]. The western branch results in the twin waterfalls of Gaganachukki, whereas the eastern branch results in the Bharachukki falls. The Gaganachukki waterfalls are best viewed from the Shivanasamudra watch tower [4]. Most of the pictures showing the twin waterfalls are taken from that location. There is another approach to the Gaganachukki falls from the Darga Hazrath Mardane Gaib (Imam Ali) [5]. Despite warnings being posted, people climb down the rocks and attempt to view the waterfalls from behind/top, resulting in many fatal accidents. It is 139 km from the city of Bangalore.

Power generation[edit]

Asia's First hydro-electric power station is located at the waterfall and is still functional. This station was commissioned by the Diwan of Mysore, Sir K. Seshadri Iyer. The power generated here was initially used in Kolar Gold Fields.

There is an issue with the timeline of this power station being India's first. As per another post http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sidrapong_Hydel_Power_Station Sidrapong should be the first Hydroelectric powerstation. May be it can be called "first major" as the output from Sidrapong was in the range of 190 KW

Directions[edit]

It is a 3hr drive from Bangalore City. It is best reached via the Kanakapura Main Road. The roads all the way to the falls is completely tarred and a great road to drive in a 4 wheeler or two wheeler vehicle. There are signboards all the way so there is no way you can miss the place.

By Plane

The nearest airport is in Bangalore. By Train

Nearest railway station is in Mysore, at a distance of 60 kilometers.

By Bus

The two falls are not well connected by bus. Buses ply regularly to Kollegala from Bangalore as well as Mysore. From Kollegala, one can hire cab or autorickshaw to reach the falls. However, buses to Kollegala can be crowded and hiring a cab from Bangalore or Mysore is advisable.

On Road

There are two ways to reach Shivanasamudra from Bangalore. From Bangalore, you can drive along the Bangalore Mysore highway till Maddur. Immediately after Maddur Bus station, take a left towards Malavalli. Keep going further straight from Malavalli and you'll reach Shivanasamudram. This route would take around 135 kilometers and the road is good up to Maddur, after which, the road condition deteriorates. However, this is the best road to reach Shivanasamudra from Bangalore. A non-stop journey would take approximately 3 hours from Bangalore.

Alternately, one can reach Malavalli from Bangalore via Kanakapura. Take the Kanakapura road from Bangalore which is in good condition. Immediately after Kanakapura, the road branches into two. Take the road which is slightly to the right to reach Malavalli. The left branch leads to Sangama, Makedattu and Chunchi falls. The stretch from Kanakapura to Malavalli is not in good condition and road repair work is in progress at some places. After reaching Malavalli, take a left turn to go to Shivanasamudra. It is advisable to avoid this route and take the Bangalore-Maddur-Malavalli-Shivanasamudra route instead, as the roads in that route are in better condition. It’s the best route to travel through Mysore road – Maddur – Malavalli.

If you are planning to go either as friends / family prefer to travel together through a Taxi.

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Shivanasamudra Falls comes alive". The Hindu. 2007-07-19. Retrieved 2008-02-15. 
  2. ^ "Shivanasamudra Falls". 
  3. ^ "World Waterfall Database". Retrieved 2012-07-07. 

External links[edit]