|Municipality and Town|
Location of the municipality of Smederevska Palanka within Serbia
|• Mayor||Nenad Milojičić|
|• Municipality||422 km2 (163 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code||+381 26|
Smederevska Palanka (Serbian Cyrillic: Смедеревска Паланка, pronounced [smɛ̂dɛrɛʋska pǎlaːŋka]) is a town and municipality located in Eastern Serbia. According to the preliminary results of the 2011 census, the municipality had a total population of 50,284, while the town had 23,601 inhabitants.
Apart from the town, municipality of Smederevska Palanka consists of the following villages:
- Azanja (3946)
- Bačinac (688)
- Baničina (941)
- Bašin (442)
- Cerovac (1054)
- Glibovac (2096)
- Golobok (1988)
- Grčac (1094)
- Kusadak (4865)
- Mala Plana (803)
- Mramorac (553)
- Pridvorice (787)
- Ratari (1766)
- Selevac (3381)
- Stojačak (364)
- Vlaški Do (971)
- Vodice (881)
Mineral water spring
Smederevska Palanka has a natural mineral water spring which is said to have been used since Roman times, and has been used by the surrounding peoples since at least 1719. On 22 April 1907, the water from the mineral springs was awarded the golden medal for quality at the London 'Balkan Fair'. The town's mineral water was taken to London by Mr. Marco T. Leko.
According to some researchers, the town's mineral water is the 3rd best in Europe, primarily due to the natural selenium it contains.
The town was first mentioned in 1021, in a written document currently preserved in St. Catherine's monastery in Egypt. Smederevska Palanka will celebrate its 1,000 year anniversary in 2021.
The oldest archeological remains date to the early Neolithic era Medvednjak,4500-3500 BC). There are numerous finds of Vinča culture, Hallstatt culture, as well as from both Roman and Medieval periods. The most unique of these finds is the cameo in two-layered onyx of Emperor Constantine I in full battle gear on a horse which was discovered near Kusadak, a village in the Smederevka Palanka municipality.
Culture and education
There are currently three Serbian Orthodox churches in Smederevska Palanka.
The oldest, the church of St. Elijah was built in 1827 and is one of the oldest wooden churches in Serbia. The town's Cathedral Church was built in 1902. The town's newest church, St. Petka[disambiguation needed], was built in 1997. The town's fourth Serbian orthodox church is under construction. Koporin Monastery, built in 1402 by Serbian prince Stefan Lazarević lies just outside of the town, in Velika Plana.
Smederevska Palanka has four elementary schools: Vuk Karadžić, Heroj Radmila Šišković, Heroj Ivan Muker and Olga Milošević. The town has three high schools: Palanka Gymnasium, Goša Technical School, and "Žikica Damjanović" Chemical and Medical School.
Smederevska Palanka has two local operating radio-television stations; "Jasenica" and "Dević".
Smederevska Palanka has one of Serbia's oldest annual traditional fairs, the Krstovdanski Vašar, that has been held since 1834 when in was introduced by Prince Miloš Obrenović. During the fair, the town is visited by 100,000 to 150,000 tourists from surrounding towns and cities.
Smederevska Palanka hosts the "Motorijada", where thousands of bikers from Serbia and the former Yugoslavia assemble for the event and live concerts in Smederevska Palanka's Kiseljak. The 2011 event featured a famous Yugoslav band, Divlje Jagode.
Smederevska Palanka is an important industrial town, primarily due to the influence of "Goša", which was among one of the most successful organisations in the former Yugoslavia. The company produces trams, train wagons as well as prefabricated steel constructions.
Other industries and businesses based in Smederevska Palanka include "Karađorđe", a company which produces mineral water and juice, food manufacturer, "Voćar Palanka" a fruit supplier, as well as "Opeka Palanka", a bricks and building material manufacturer.
Smederevska Palanka keeps Serbian record in warmest temperature ever with +44,9C on the date of 24.07.2007.
|Climate data for Smederevska Palanka|
|Average high °C (°F)||3
|Average low °C (°F)||−2
|Precipitation mm (inches)||41
|Source: Weatherbase |
Notable people from Smederevska Palanka
Some of the notable people of Smederevska Palanka are:
- Stanoje Glavaš, First Serbian Uprising hero
- Miloje Popović Đak
- Vujica Vulićević
- Josip Broz Tito, statesman, lived in Smederevska Palanka and was employed as a metalworker here
- Živko Pavlović, general
- Perica Ognjenović, a football player
- Zdenko Muf, a football player
- Sreten Jocić, a gangster
- Polenek Igor a basketball Coach
- Radmila Milentijević, former minister
- Actors:Zarko Mitrovic, Branka Pantelic, Milenko Stojanovic
- Pera Todorović, journalist
- Miloš Vuković, world champion in karate and winner of Parovi reality
- Aranđel Markićević Minister of Justice 1994-1998
- Mina Milutinović, Miss World Next Top Model 2012
Distances from other cities
- Belgrade - 80 km
- Novi Sad - 155 km
- Kragujevac - 59 km
- Niš - 162 km
- Čačak - 115 km
- Šabac - 165 km
- Valjevo - 101 km
- Vranje - 276 km
- Leskovac - 207 km
- Šabac - 165 km
- Smederevo - 30 km
- Kosovska Mitrovica - 260 km
- Zaječar - 165 km
- Banja Luka - 402 km
- Herceg Novi - 574 km 
After the first World War, one street in the center of Smederevska Palanka was named Francuska, or "French Street"French street while a street in the French city of Grenoble was named after Palanka as a way of celebrating the friendship between Serbia and France.
- "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements". Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: First Results".
- "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Smederevska Palanka, Serbia". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Smederevska Palanka.|
- Official site
- Smederevska Palanka - information
- Smederevska Palanka - Weather observations until 31 December 2012
- Satellite High Resolution Imagery