Socialist Unity (Italy)

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Socialist Unity
Unità Socialista
Leader Ivan Matteo Lombardo
Founded 1948
Dissolved 1949
Split from Italian Socialist Party
Merged into Italian Socialist Democratic Party
Ideology Social democracy
Socialism
Political position Centre-left
International affiliation Socialist International
Politics of Italy
Political parties
Elections

Socialist Unity (Italian: Unità Socialista, US) was the name of a social-democratic political alliance that participated in the key Italian general election of 1948, which decided the post-war direction of Italy.

Socialist Unity was formed by the Italian Socialist Workers' Party (Italian: Partito Socialista dei Lavoratori Italiani, of Giuseppe Saragat and the Union of Socialists (Italian: Unione dei Socialisti) of former socialist leader Ivan Matteo Lombardo. The party's anti-communist ideology precluded any collaboration with the communist-led Popular Democratic Front in the 1948 election.

Socialist Unity reached 7% of the vote for the Italian Chamber of Deputies, gaining 33 seats. In the election for the Italian Senate, where it ran together with the laicist Italian Republican Party, the Unity won 8 seats.

In the following years, the links between the members of the Unity became closer and the Italian Democratic Socialist Party was born.

Election results[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
1948 1,858,116 (#3) 7.1
33 / 574
Senate of the Republic
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
1948 943,219 (#4) 4.1
10 / 237