|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (December 2010)|
|Crew||2 (Skipper + 1.5 * Crewman = 250 kg (550 lb))|
|Keel||401.5 ± 7 kg (885 ± 15 lb)|
|LOA||6.922 m (22 ft 9 in)|
|LWL||4.724 m (15 ft 6 in)|
|Beam||1.734 m (5 ft 8 in)
Chine: 1.372 m (4 ft 6 in)
|Draft||1.016 m (3 ft 4 in)|
|Hull weight||671 kg (1,480 lb)
|Mast height||9.652 m (31 ft 8 in)|
|Main & Jib area||26.5 m2 (285 sq ft)|
|Mainsail area||20.5 m2 (221 sq ft)|
|Jib / Genoa area||6.0 m2 (65 sq ft)|
|Infobox last updated: 19 March 2010|
The International Star (or Starboat) is a 6.9 m (22.7 ft) one-design racing keelboat for two people.
The boat must weigh at least 671 kg (1479.3 lb) with a maximum total sail area of 26.5 m2 (285 ft2). It is sloop-rigged, with a mainsail larger in proportional size than any other boat of its length. Unlike most modern racing boats, it does not use a spinnaker when sailing downwind. Instead, when running downwind a whisker pole is used to hold the jib out to windward for correct wind flow. Early Stars were built from wood, but modern boats are generally made of fiberglass.
The Star class pioneered an unusual circular boom vang track, which allows the vang to effectively hold the boom down even when the boom is turned far outboard on a downwind run. Another notable aspect of Star sailing is the extreme hiking position adopted by the crew and at times the helmsman, who normally use a harness to help hang low off the windward side of the boat with only their lower legs inside.
The Star was designed in 1910 by Francis Sweisguth—draftsman for William Gardner's Naval Architect office—and the first 22 were built in Port Washington, New York by Ike Smith during the winter of 1910-11. Since that time, over 8,400 boats have been built. The Star has been an Olympic Games class since 1932. Although far from a modern design, the class remains popular today, with about 2,000 boats in active racing fleets in North America and Europe.
As a result of the 2011 Mid-Year Meeting in St. Petersburg, keelboats were removed from Sailing at the 2016 Summer Olympics, and therefore the Star class will not be in competition in Rio de Janeiro.
The Olympics were not held in 1940 or 1944 due to World War II.
For Olympic years in which the games were not held, the Star was not included, or Olympic participation was notably limited; the World Champions are listed below.
|Year & Location||Nation||Skipper||Crew||Boat #||Yacht|
|1924 Western Long Island Sound||(USA)||Jack Robinson||Arthur Knapp Jr||
|1928 Newport Harbor||(USA)||Prentice Edrington||Gilbert Gray||
|1940 San Diego||(USA)||James Cowie||Gordon Cowie||
|1944 Lake Michigan||(USA)||Gerry Driscoll||Malin Burnham||
|1976 Nassau||(USA)||James Allsopp||Michael Guhin||
|1980 Rio de Janeiro||(USA)||Tom Blackaller||David Shaw||
† All competitors in the 1920s and WWII events were from North America.
‡ The 1984 World Champions (Brazil) did compete in that year's Olympics.
Famous Star sailors
- Paul Elvstrøm (World Champion: 1966, 1967)
- Dennis Conner (World Champion: 1971, 1977)
- Robert Halperin (Olympic Bronze (1960) and Pan American Games Gold (1963)
- Buddy Melges (World Champion: 1978, 1979)
- Fredrik Lööf (World Champion: 2001, 2004)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Star (keelboat).|
- Classic Boat guide to the International Star Class
- International Star Class Yacht Racing Association
- ISAF Star Microsite
- The Star 45 Class at the American Model Yachting Association