Sailing at the 1984 Summer Olympics

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Sailing
at the Games of the XXIII Olympiad
DBP 1984 1208 Olympia Windsurfen.jpg
Special stamp Germany, Olympic Windsurfing 1984
Venues Long Beach
Dates First race: 31 July 1984 (1984-07-31)
Last race: 8 August 1980 (1980-08-08)
Sailors 300 (298 male, 2 female) from 60 countries
Boats and Boards 172
Top ranked countries
United States: 1  2  3  
New Zealand: 1  2  3  
Spain: 1  2  3  
Netherlands: 1  2  3  
← 1980
1988 →

Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens, Greece). With the exception of 1904 and possibly 1916 sailing was always a part of the Olympic program. The Sailing program of 1984 consisted of a total of seven sailing classes (disciplines). For each class seven races were scheduled from 31 July 1984 to 8 August 1984 of the coast of Long Beach, Los Angeles County, California at the Pacific Ocean. Los Angeles hosted the Olympic sailing competitions for the second time, having previously done so during the 1932 Summer Olympics. The sailing was done on the triangular type Olympic courses.

Venue[edit]

Long Beach Olympic Harbour
Skyline of Long Beach Olympic Harbour
Coordinates: 33°45′35″N 118°11′2″W / 33.75972°N 118.18389°W / 33.75972; -118.18389
Olympic Course Area's 1984.

According to the IOC statutes the contests in all sport disciplines must be held either in, or as close as possible to the city which the IOC has chosen. Since the sailing conditions of the coast of Los Angeles are very suitable for Olympic sailing no exception had to be made for the 1984 Sailing event. A total of four race areas were created in the Pacific of the coast of Long Beach. Boardsailing for men was added to the sailing event.

The facilities needed to accommodate the sailing event were simple. According to the official report: "Two paved parking lots and three boat-owner shower facilities were the only existing facilities utilized. The only on-site facilities provided for spectators were a series of bleachers for the award ceremonies and an information booth on the west edge of the site on the marina green. Spectators could sign up for space on a boat that circumvented the race courses."

For the media a number of 40 boats was reserved. All boats were fully booked.

Competition[edit]

Overview[edit]

Continents Countries Classes Boats Male Female
5 60 7 152 298 2

Continents[edit]

  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Oceania
  • Europe
  • Americas

Countries[edit]

Countries that participated in the Sailing event of the 1984 Olympic Games.
Blue: Water
Gray: Never participated in OG
Dark Gray: Participated in earlier OG
Green: Country participated for the first time
Dark Blue: Country participated also on previous games
Red: Country boycotted the sailing event of the OG
 Antigua and Barbuda (ANT)  Argentina (ARG)  Australia (AUS)
 Austria (AUT)  Bahamas (BAH)  Barbados (BAR)
 Belgium (BEL)  Bermuda (BER)  Botswana (BOT)
 Brazil (BRA)  Canada (CAN)  Cayman Islands (CAY)
 Chile (CHI)  China (CHN)  Denmark (DEN)
 Dominican Republic (DOM)  Egypt (EGY)  Spain (ESP)
 Fiji (FIJ)  Finland (FIN)  France (FRA)
 West Germany (FRG)  Great Britain (GBR)  Greece (GRE)
 Guatemala (GUA)  Hong Kong (HKG)  India (IND)
 Ireland (IRL)  Iceland (ISL)  Israel (ISR)
 Virgin Islands (ISV)  Italy (ITA)  British Virgin Islands (IVB)
 Japan (JPN)  South Korea (KOR)  Mexico (MEX)
 Malta (MLT)  Netherlands (NED)  Norway (NOR)
 New Zealand (NZL)  Oman (OMA)  Pakistan (PAK)
 Philippines (PHI)  Portugal (POR)  Puerto Rico (PUR)
 Senegal (SEN)  Singapore (SIN)  San Marino (SMR)
 Sri Lanka (SRI)  Switzerland (SUI)  Sweden (SWE)
 Thailand (THA)  Chinese Taipei (TPE)  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)
 Turkey (TUR)  Uruguay (URU)  United States (USA)
 Venezuela (VEN)  Yugoslavia (YUG)  Zimbabwe (ZIM)

1984 Olympic Boycott[edit]

In response to the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, 14 Eastern Bloc countries including the Soviet Union, Cuba and East Germany (but not Romania) boycotted the Games. For differing reasons, Iran and Libya also boycotted. The USSR announced its intention not to participate on 8 May 1984, citing security concerns and "chauvinistic sentiments and an anti-Soviet hysteria being whipped up in the United States."[1] The Los Angeles boycott influenced most sailing events. e.g. In the Soling the East German team of: Helmar Nauck, Norbert Helriegel and Sven Diedering were absent.

Classes (equipment)[edit]

Class Type Event Sailors Trapeze Mainsail Jib/Genoa Spinnaker First OG Olympics so far
Windglider Surfboard Mars symbol.svg 1 0 + 1984 1
Finn Dinghy Cercle noir 100%.svg 1 0 + 1952 9
470 Dinghy Cercle noir 100%.svg 2 1 + + + 1976 3
Flying Dutchman Dinghy Cercle noir 100%.svg 2 1 + + + 1960 7
Tornado Catamaran Cercle noir 100%.svg 2 1 + + 1976 3
Star Keelboat Cercle noir 100%.svg 2 0 + + 1932 11
Soling Keelboat Cercle noir 100%.svg 3 0 + + + 1972 4
1984 Olympic Classes designs
 

Medal summary[edit]

Men's event[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Windglider insigna.png

1984: Men's Windglider
details

 Netherlands (NED)
Stephan van den Berg

 United States (USA)
Scott Steele

 New Zealand (NZL)
Bruce Kendall

Open events[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Finn insigna.png

1984: Finn
details

 New Zealand (NZL)
Russell Coutts

 United States (USA)
John Bertrand

 Canada (CAN)
Terry Neilson

470 insigna.png

1984: 470
details

 Spain (ESP)
Luis Doreste
Roberto Molina

 United States (USA)
Steve Benjamin
Chris Steinfeld

 France (FRA)
Thierry Peponnet
Luc Pillot

Flying Dutchman insigna.png

1984: Flying Dutchman
details

 United States (USA)
Jonathan McKee
William Carl Buchan

 Canada (CAN)
Terry McLaughlin
Evert Bastet

 Great Britain (GBR)
Jonathan Richards
Peter Allam

Tornado insigna.png

1984: Tornado
details

 New Zealand (NZL)
Rex Sellers
Chris Timms

 United States (USA)
Randy Smyth
Jay Glaser

 Australia (AUS)
Christopher Cairns
John Anderson

Star insigna.png

1984: Star
details

 United States (USA)
William Earl Buchan
Steven Erickson

 West Germany (FRG)
Joachim Griese
Michael Marcour

 Italy (ITA)
Giorgio Gorla
Alfio Peraboni

Soling insigna.png

1984: Soling
details

 United States (USA)
Robbie Haines
Rod Davis
Ed Trevalyan

 Brazil (BRA)
Torben Grael
Daniel Adler
Ronaldo Senfft

 Canada (CAN)
Hans Fogh
Stephen Calder
John Kerr

Medal tables[edit]

Sailing 1984[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 3 4 0 7
2  New Zealand (NZL) 2 0 1 3
3  Netherlands (NED) 1 0 0 1
 Spain (ESP) 1 0 0 1
5  Canada (CAN) 0 1 2 3
6  Brazil (BRA) 0 1 0 1
 West Germany (FRG) 0 1 0 1
8  Australia (AUS) 0 0 1 1
 France (FRA) 0 0 1 1
 Great Britain (GBR) 0 0 1 1
 Italy (ITA) 0 0 1 1
Total 7 7 7 21

Sailing 1896–1984[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Norway 15 10 1 26
2  United States 14 11 10 35
3  Great Britain 14 8 7 29
4  Sweden 9 10 9 28
5  Denmark 7 8 2 17
6  France 6 8 8 22
7  Soviet Union 4 4 2 10
8  Netherlands 4 3 4 11
9  New Zealand 4 0 1 5
10  Australia 3 1 4 8
11  Belgium 2 3 2 7
12  West Germany 2 2 3 7
13  Italy 2 1 5 8
14  Brazil 2 1 2 5
15  Spain 2 1 1 4
16  East Germany 1 2 2 5
 Germany 1 2 2 5
18  Finland 1 1 6 8
19  Germany(EUA) 1 1 1 3
  Switzerland 1 1 1 3
 Greece 1 1 1 3
22  Bahamas 1 0 1 2
23  Mixed team (ZZX) 1 0 0 1
24  Austria 0 3 0 3
25  Canada 0 2 4 6
26  Portugal 0 2 1 3
27  Argentina 0 2 0 2
28  Cuba 0 1 0 1
 Ireland 0 1 0 1
30  Estonia 0 0 1 1
 Hungary 0 0 1 1
 Russia 0 0 1 1
Total 32 98 90 83 271

Remarks[edit]

Sailing[edit]

  • The Windglider event was also held for women, but only as an exhibition event. Karen Morch of Canada won the competition.
  • Although there was a need for a specific female event, this was the first time a specific men's event Windglider was on the program.

Sailors[edit]

During the Sailing regatta's at the 1984 Summer Olympics among others the following persons were competing in the various classes:

Sailors at the 1984 Olympic Games
On Windglider:
Tony Philp 
On Windglider:
Bruce Kendall
In 470:
Luis Doreste

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Burns, John F. (9 May 1984). "Protests are Issue: Russians Charge 'Gross Flouting' of the Ideals of the Competition". New York Times. 

References[edit]