Sailing at the 1988 Summer Olympics

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Sailing
at the Games of the XXIV Olympiad
Symbol of Busan.svg
Symbol of Busan
Venues Busan
부산
Dates First race: 20 September 1988 (1988-09-20)
Last race: 27 September 1988 (1988-09-27)
Sailors 360 (327 male, 43 female) from 60 countries
Boats and Boards 214
Top ranked countries
Spain: 1  2  3  
United States: 1  2  3  
New Zealand: 1  2  3  
← 1984
1992 →

Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens  Greece). With the exception of 1904 and possible 1916 sailing was always a part of the Olympic program. The Sailing program of 1988 consisted of a total of eight sailing classes (disciplines). For each class seven races were scheduled from September 20, 1988 to September 27, 1988 of the coast of Busan and was the first time that a separate event was allocated exclusively for women (sailed in the 470 class). The sailing was done on the triangular type Olympic courses.

Venue[edit]

Main article: Busan Yachting Center
Busan Yachting Center

According to the IOC statutes the contests in all sport disciplines must be held either in, or as close as possible to the city which the IOC has chosen. Since the sailing conditions of the coast near Seoul are not very suitable for Olympic sailing Busan was chosen for the 1988 Sailing event. A total of x race areas were created of the coast of Busan.

Busan in Korea was reportedly a light wind venue but no one realised until too late that this information came from the airport which was located in a sheltered valley. It turned out to be that the 1988 Olympic Games were one of the windiest ever with one day of racing postponed due to too much wind. One day of racing saw around 30 knots of wind with 5 knots of current going against the wind. There was a lot of equipment damage and rescues for many classes resulting in many DNF's and requests for redress.

Competition[edit]

Overview[edit]

Continents Countries Classes Boats Male Female
5 60 8 214 360 43

Continents[edit]

Countries[edit]

Countries that participated in the Sailing event of the 1988 Olympic Games.
Blue: Water
Gray: Never participated in OG
Dark Gray: Participated in earlier OG
Green: Country participated for the first time
Dark Blue: Country participated also on previous games
Red: Country boycotted the sailing event of the OG
 Netherlands Antilles (AHO)  Antigua and Barbuda (ANT)  Argentina (ARG)
 Australia (AUS)  Austria (AUT)  Bahamas (BAH)
 Barbados (BAR)  Bermuda (BER)  Brazil (BRA)
 Canada (CAN)  Chile (CHI)  China (CHN)
 Cyprus (CYP)  Denmark (DEN)  Djibouti (DJI)
 Spain (ESP)  Fiji (FIJ)  Finland (FIN)
 France (FRA)  West Germany (FRG)  Great Britain (GBR)
 East Germany (GDR)  Greece (GRE)  Guam (GUM)
 Hong Kong (HKG)  Hungary (HUN)  Indonesia (INA)
 India (IND)  Ireland (IRL)  Iceland (ISL)
 Israel (ISR)  Virgin Islands (ISV)  Italy (ITA)
 British Virgin Islands (IVB)  Japan (JPN)  South Korea (KOR)
 Mexico (MEX)  Malta (MLT)  Monaco (MON)
 Netherlands (NED)  Norway (NOR)  New Zealand (NZL)
 Pakistan (PAK)  Philippines (PHI)  Papua New Guinea (PNG)
 Poland (POL)  Portugal (POR)  Puerto Rico (PUR)
 Qatar (QAT)  Singapore (SIN)  San Marino (SMR)
 Switzerland (SUI)  Sweden (SWE)  Thailand (THA)
 Turkey (TUR)  Soviet Union (URS)  Uruguay (URU)
 United States (USA)  Venezuela (VEN)  Zimbabwe (ZIM)

Classes (equipment)[edit]

Class Type Event Sailors Trapeze Mainsail Jib/Genoa Spinnaker First OG Olympics so far
Division II Surfboard Mars symbol.svg 1 0 + - - 1988 1
Finn Dinghy Mars symbol.svg 1 0 + - - 1952 10
470 Dinghy Venus symbol.svg 2 1 + + + 1988 1
470 Dinghy Mars symbol.svg 2 1 + + + 1976 4
Flying Dutchman Dinghy Cercle noir 100%.svg 2 1 + + + 1960 7
Tornado Catamaran Cercle noir 100%.svg 2 1 + + - 1976 4
Star Keelboat Cercle noir 100%.svg 2 0 + + - 1932 12
Soling Keelboat Cercle noir 100%.svg 3 0 + + + 1972 5
1988 Olympic Classes designs
 

Medal summary[edit]

Women's event[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
470 insigna.png

1988: Women's 470
details

 United States (USA)
Allison Jolly
Lynne Jewell

 Sweden (SWE)
Marit Söderström
Birgitta Bengtsson

 Soviet Union (URS)
Larisa Moskalenko
Iryna Chunykhovska

Men's event[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Division II insigna.png

1988: Men's Division II
details

 New Zealand (NZL)
Bruce Kendall

 Netherlands Antilles (AHO)
Jan Boersma

 United States (USA)
Mike Gebhardt

Finn insigna.png

1988: Finn
details

 Spain (ESP)
Jose Doreste

 Virgin Islands (ISV)
Peter Holmberg

 New Zealand (NZL)
John Cutler

470 insigna.png

1988: Men's 470
details

 Spain (ESP)
Thierry Peponnet
Luc Pillot

 Soviet Union (URS)
Tõnu Tõniste
Toomas Tõniste

 United States (USA)
John Shadden
Charles McKee

Mixed events[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Flying Dutchman insigna.png

1988: Flying Dutchman
details

 Denmark (DEN)
Jørgen Bojsen-Møller
Christian Grønborg

 Norway (NOR)
Ole Pollen
Erik Björkum

 Canada (CAN)
Frank McLaughlin
John Millen

Tornado insigna.png

1988: Tornado
details

 France (FRA)
Jean Le Deroff
Nicolas Hénard

 New Zealand (NZL)
Chris Timms
Rex Sellers

 Brazil (BRA)
Lars Grael
Clinio Freitas

Star insigna.png

1988: Star
details

 Great Britain (GBR)
Michael McIntyre
Bryn Vaile

 United States (USA)
Mark Reynolds
Harold Haenel

 Brazil (BRA)
Torben Grael
Nelson Falcão

Soling insigna.png

1988: Soling
details

 East Germany (GDR)
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel

 United States (USA)
John Kostecki
William Baylis
Robert Billingham

 Denmark (DEN)
Jesper Bank
Jan Mathiasen
Steen Secher

Medal tables[edit]

Sailing 1988[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  France (FRA) 2 0 0 2
2  United States (USA) 1 2 2 5
3  New Zealand (NZL) 1 1 1 3
4  Denmark (DEN) 1 0 1 2
5  Spain (ESP) 1 0 0 1
 Great Britain (GBR) 1 0 0 1
 East Germany (GDR) 1 0 0 1
8  Soviet Union (URS) 0 1 1 2
9  Netherlands Antilles (AHO) 0 1 0 1
 Virgin Islands (ISV) 0 1 0 1
 Norway (NOR) 0 1 0 1
 Sweden (SWE) 0 1 0 1
13  Brazil (BRA) 0 0 2 2
14  Canada (CAN) 0 0 1 1
Total 8 8 8 24

Sailing 1896–1988[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States 15 13 12 40
2  Norway 15 11 1 27
3  Great Britain 15 8 7 30
4  Sweden 9 11 9 29
5  France 8 8 8 24
6  Denmark 8 8 3 19
7  New Zealand 5 1 2 8
8  Soviet Union 4 4 2 10
9  Netherlands 4 3 4 11
10  Australia 3 1 4 8
11  Spain 3 1 1 5
12  Belgium 2 3 2 7
13  West Germany 2 2 3 7
14  East Germany 2 2 2 6
15  Italy 2 1 5 8
16  Brazil 2 1 4 7
17  Germany 1 2 2 5
18  Finland 1 1 6 8
19  Germany(EUA) 1 1 1 3
  Switzerland 1 1 1 3
 Greece 1 1 1 3
22  Bahamas 1 0 1 2
23  Mixed team (ZZX) 1 0 0 1
24  Austria 0 3 0 3
25  Canada 0 2 5 7
26  Portugal 0 2 1 3
27  Argentina 0 2 0 2
28  Cuba 0 1 0 1
 Netherlands Antilles 0 1 0 1
 United States Virgin Islands 0 1 0 1
 Ireland 0 1 0 1
32  Estonia 0 0 1 1
 Hungary 0 0 1 1
 Russia 0 0 1 1
Total 34 106 98 91 279

Remarks[edit]

Sailing[edit]

  • Finally after 92 years Olympic history, a specific female event 470 female was on the program.

Sailors[edit]

During the Sailing regattas at the 1988 Summer Olympics among others the following persons were competing in the various classes:

Sailors at the 1988 Olympic Games
In 470:
Luis Doreste

References[edit]

Coordinates: 35°9′32″N 129°8′18″E / 35.15889°N 129.13833°E / 35.15889; 129.13833