Summers County, West Virginia

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Summers County, West Virginia
Summers County Courthouse West Virginia.jpg
Seal of Summers County, West Virginia
Seal
Map of West Virginia highlighting Summers County
Location in the state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded February 27, 1871
Named for George W. Summers
Seat Hinton
Largest city Hinton
Area
 • Total 368 sq mi (953 km2)
 • Land 360 sq mi (932 km2)
 • Water 7 sq mi (18 km2), 2.0%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 13,563
 • Density 39/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website summerscountywv.org

Summers County is a county located in the State of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,927.[1] Its county seat is Hinton.[2] The county was created by an act of the West Virginia Legislature on February 27, 1871 from parts of Fayette, Greenbrier, Mercer and Monroe counties and named in honor of George W. Summers (1804-1868).[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 368 square miles (950 km2), of which 360 square miles (930 km2) is land and 7 square miles (18 km2) (2.0%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 9,033
1890 13,117 45.2%
1900 16,265 24.0%
1910 18,429 13.3%
1920 19,092 3.6%
1930 20,469 7.2%
1940 20,409 −0.3%
1950 19,183 −6.0%
1960 15,640 −18.5%
1970 13,213 −15.5%
1980 15,875 20.1%
1990 14,204 −10.5%
2000 12,999 −8.5%
2010 13,927 7.1%
Est. 2013 13,563 −2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 12,999 people, 5,530 households, and 3,754 families residing in the county. The population density was 36 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 7,331 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.57% White, 2.15% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 0.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,530 households out of which 25.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.80% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.10% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.50% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 27.30% from 45 to 64, and 19.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $21,147, and the median income for a family was $27,251. Males had a median income of $27,485 versus $18,491 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,419. 24.40% of the population and 20.30% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 34.30% of those under the age of 18 and 14.50% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Federal Bureau of Prisons Federal Prison Camp, Alderson is partly in unincorporated Monroe County and partly in unincorporated Summers County.[10][11]

Education[edit]

Public schools in Summers County are governed by the Summers County Schools school district; per West Virginia state law, all school districts in West Virginia follow county boundaries.[12] 1,548 students are enrolled in the five public schools in Summers County.[13] Summers County has one public high school, Summers County High School, which serves students in grades 9-12; one middle school, Summers Middle School, which serves students in grades 6-8; and three elementary schools, all of which serve students in grades Pre-K through 5: Hinton Area Elementary School, Jumping Branch, Elementary School, and Talcott Elementary School.[13] Summers County High School has a total enrollment of 458 students and a graduation rate of 78.45%[14] Summers Middle School has an enrollment of 334 students, and Hinton Area Elementary School, Jumping Branch Elementary School, and Talcott Elementary School have enrollments of 469, 132, and 155 students respectively.[15][16][17][18]

Summers County is also home to one private school, Pipestem Christian Academy.[19][20] Pipestem Christian Academy is part of the West Virginia Christian Education Association and has a total enrollment of 89 students in grades Pre-K through 11.[21][22] Greenbrier Academy, a therapeutic boarding school for girls, is also located in Summers County, in the community of Pence Springs.[23] Additionally, 28 home schools serving 38 students are located in Summers County.[19][22]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Other places[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ http://www.polsci.wvu.edu/wv/history.html
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  10. ^ "Martha's Prison Thanksgiving." The Cincinnati Post. November 24, 2004. Retrieved on January 5, 2010. "Mullins said the prison dormitories are in Summers County."
  11. ^ "FPC Alderson Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on January 5, 2010.
  12. ^ "West Virginia Code §18-1-3". West Virginia Legislature. Retrieved June 7, 2010. 
  13. ^ a b "School District Profile - Summers County". West Virginia Department of Education. Retrieved June 7, 2010. 
  14. ^ "Summers County High School Profile". West Virginia Department of Education. Retrieved June 7, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Summers Middle School Profile". West Virginia Department of Education. Retrieved June 7, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Hinton Area Elementary School Profile". West Virginia Department of Education. Retrieved June 7, 2010. 
  17. ^ "Jumping Branch Elementary School Profile". West Virginia Department of Education. Retrieved June 7, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Talcott Elementary School Profile". West Virginia Department of Education. Retrieved June 7, 2010. 
  19. ^ a b "Number of Non-Public Schools in West Virginia by County". West Virginia Department of Education. 2008-2009 school year. Retrieved June 2, 2010.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  20. ^ "Summers County Private Schools". Private School Review. Retrieved June 2, 2010. 
  21. ^ "WVCEA Member Schools". West Virginia Christian Education Association. Retrieved June 2, 2010. 
  22. ^ a b "Enrollment in Non-Public Schools". West Virginia Department of Education. Retrieved June 2, 2010. 
  23. ^ "Greenbrier Academy Home Page". Greenbrier Academy. Retrieved June 2, 2010. 

Coordinates: 37°40′N 80°52′W / 37.66°N 80.86°W / 37.66; -80.86