Sunrise Izumo

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Sunrise Izumo
Jr 285 Sunrise Izumo 20130413.jpg
285 series EMU on a Sunrise Izumo service, April 2013
Overview
Service type Limited express
Status Operational
Locale Japan
Predecessor Izumo
First service 10 July 1998
Current operator(s) JR Central, JR West
Route
Start Tokyo
End Izumoshi
Distance travelled 953.6 km (592.5 mi)
Average journey time approx. 12 hours
Service frequency 1 return working daily
On-board services
Seating arrangements None
Sleeping arrangements Private compartments/open-plan sleeping areas
Catering facilities None
Technical
Rolling stock 285 series EMUs
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC
Operating speed 130 km/h (80 mph)

The Sunrise Izumo (サンライズ出雲 Sanraizu Izumo?) is an overnight sleeping car train service in Japan operated jointly by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) and West Japan Railway Company (JR West) since July 1998.[1][2]

Operations[edit]

The Sunrise Izumo runs daily between Tokyo and Izumoshi in Shimane Prefecture, taking approximately 12 hours for the 953.6 km (592.5 mi) journey.[2] The service operates in conjunction with the Sunrise Seto service to Takamatsu between Tokyo and Okayama. From Tokyo, the combined 14-car train departs at 22:00, and stops at Yokohama, Atami, Numazu, Fuji, Shizuoka, Hamamatsu (final evening stop), Himeji (first morning stop), and arrives at Okayama at 06:27, where the train splits.[3] Between Okayama and Izumoshi, the 7-car Sunrise Izumo train stops at Kurashiki, Niimi, Yonago, Yasugi, Matsue, and Shinji, before arriving in Izumoshi at 09:58.[3] The return working from Izumoshi departs at 18:55, and is coupled with the Sunrise Seto from Takamatsu at Okayama Station, departing together at 22:33, and arriving at Tokyo Station at 07:08.[3]

Formation[edit]

Trains are formed of dedicated 7-car 285 series Sunrise Express electric multiple units (EMUs) owned by both JR Central and JR West. They are formed as shown below, with cars numbered 8 to 14 in the down (westbound) direction, with car 14 at the Tokyo end, and 1 to 7 in the up (Tokyo-bound) direction, with car 7 at the Tokyo end.[1]

Car No. 1/8 2/9 3/10 4/11 5/12 6/13 7/14
Numbering KuHaNe 285 SaHaNe 285 MoHaNe 285 SaRoHaNe 285 MoHaNe 285 SaHaNe 285 KuHaNe 285
Accommodation B single berths B single berths B solo berths Single DX berths B single berths
Nobinobi floor space
B single berths B single berths
B single/ single-twin berths B single/ single-twin berths Sunrise twin berths B single/ single-twin berths B single/ single-twin berths
Facilities     Mini saloon area, vending machine, shower   Vending machine    
  • Car 2/9 has a wheelchair-accessible compartment
  • Each car has toilet facilities at one end.[4]
  • Smoking is permitted in car 6/13, and some compartments in car 4/11.[3]

Accommodation and fees[edit]

The Sunrise Izumo consists of type "A" (Single Deluxe) and type "B" accommodation. A flat fee is charged for all compartments, regardless of starting or ending point. The other fares, the basic fare and limited express fare, are based on distance. For tourists using the Japan Rail Pass, the basic fare does not have to be paid. A shower is located in car 3/10. Passengers using the type "A" Single Deluxe compartments can use the dedicated showers in their carriage for free.

History[edit]

Locomotive-hauled Izumo service, December 1997

The Sunrise Izumo services were introduced together with the Sunrise Seto on 10 July 1998.[5] Previously, the Izumo operated as a separate "Blue train" service connecting Tokyo with the Sanin region. However, these trains were becoming less popular as equipment became outdated, and air and bus services attracted more passengers. The Sunrise Izumo was intended to attract more passengers to train transportation by introducing newly designed trains and by reducing the journey time.

Following the introduction of the Sunrise Izumo, the original Izumo locomotive-hauled "Blue train" service was reduced from two return workings daily to one return working, serving the Sanin Main Line between Kyoto and Tottori Prefecture, most of which was not electrified and thus inaccessible by the electric Sunrise Express trains.[5] The Izumo was ultimately discontinued on 13 March 2006 due to continuing decline in ridership, leaving the Sunrise Izumo as the only overnight train service between the Sanin region and Tokyo.

Ridership on overnight trains in Japan continues to decline, and from March 2009, the Sunrise Izumo and Sunrise Seto became the only overnight sleeping car trains to operate west of Tokyo via the Tokaido Line.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b JR新幹線&特急列車ファイル [JR Shinkansen & Limited Express Train File]. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. 2008. p. 124. ISBN 978-4-330-00608-6. 
  2. ^ a b Haraguchi, Takayuki (2009). Encyclopedia of JR's Railway Cars: JR全車輌. Japan: Sekai Bunka. p. 34. ISBN 978-4-418-09905-4. 
  3. ^ a b c d JR時刻表 [JR Timetable]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. March 2013. p. 144. ISBN 4910053110334. 
  4. ^ JR電車編成表 2013夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2013]. Japan: JRR. May 2013. p. 122. ISBN 978-4-330-37313-3. 
  5. ^ a b こだわりの新幹線&特急列車ガイド [In-depth Shinkansen & Limited Express Guide]. Japan: Ikaros Publishing. August 2000. pp. 194–195. ISBN 4-87149-284-2. 
  6. ^ Ogano, Minoru (March 2011). 新幹線・特急大図鑑2011 [Shinkansen & Limited Express Directory 2011]. Japan: JTB Publishing. p. 112. ISBN 978-4-533-08193-4. 

External links[edit]