List of named passenger trains of Japan

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This article contains lists of named passenger trains in Japan.

Shinkansen (bullet trains)[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Aoba JR East Tokyo - Sendai 1982–1995
Asahi JR East Tokyo - Niigata 1982–2004
Asama JR East Tokyo - Nagano 1998–
Hayabusa JR East Tokyo - Shin-Aomori 2011–
Hayate JR East Tokyo - Shin-Aomori 2002–
Hikari JR Central / JR West Tokyo - Hiroshima and Nagoya - Hakata 1964–
Hikari Rail Star JR West Shin-Ōsaka - Hakata 2000–
Kodama JR Central / JR West Tokyo - Shin-Ōsaka and Shin-Ōsaka - Hakata 1964–
Komachi JR East Tokyo - Akita 1997–
Mizuho JR Kyushu / JR West Shin-Ōsaka - Kagoshima-Chūō 2011–
Nasuno JR East Tokyo - Kōriyama 1995–
Nozomi JR Central / JR West Tokyo - Shin-Ōsaka, Hakata 1992–
Sakura JR Kyushu / JR West Shin-Ōsaka - Kagoshima-Chūō 2011–
Tanigawa JR East Tokyo - Echigo-Yuzawa 1997–
Toki JR East Tokyo - Niigata 1982–1997, 2004–
Tsubame JR Kyushu Hakata - Kagoshima-Chūō 2004–
Tsubasa JR East Tokyo - Shinjō 1992–
Yamabiko JR East Tokyo - Morioka 1982–

Daytime trains[edit]

Limited express (partial list)[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Aizu JR East Kōriyama - Aizu-Wakamatsu 1968–2002
Akagi JR East Ueno, Shinjuku - Takasaki, Maebashi 1982
Ayame JR East Tokyo - Narita, Kashima Jingu, Chōshi 1975–
Azusa / Super Azusa JR East Shinjuku, Tokyo, Chiba - Matsumoto, Minami-Otari 1966–
Hitachi / Super Hitachi / Fresh Hitachi JR East Ueno - Katsuta, Iwaki, Sendai 1969–
Inaho JR East Niigata - Sakata, Akita, Aomori 1969–
Hakuchō / Super Hakuchō JR East / JR Hokkaido Hachinohe, Aomori - Hakodate 2002–
Hokuetsu JR East Niigata - Kanazawa 1969–
Kaiji JR East Tokyo, Shinjuku - Kōfu, Ryūō 1988–
Kamoshika JR East Akita - Aomori 1997–2010
Kinugawa / Spacia Kinugawa JR East / Tōbu Shinjuku - Kinugawa Onsen 2006–
Kusatsu JR East Ueno - Manza-Kagawaguchi 1985–
Narita Express JR East Tokyo area - Narita Airport 1991–
Nikkō JR East / Tōbu Shinjuku - Tōbu-Nikko 2006–
Odoriko / Super View Odoriko JR East Tokyo, Shinjuku, Ikebukuro - Itō, Izukyū Shimoda 1981–
Sazanami JR East Tokyo - Kimitsu, Tateyama 1972–
Shiosai JR East Tokyo, Shinjuku - Sakura, Chōshi 1975–
Ohayo Tochigi, Hometown Tochigi JR East Shinjuku - Utsunomiya, Kuroiso 1995–
Tsugaru JR East Hachinohe - Hirosaki 2002–
Wakashio JR East Shinjuku - Katsuura, Awa-Kamogawa 1972–
Asagiri Odakyu Shinjuku - Gotemba 1991–
Fujikawa JR Central Kōfu - Shizuoka 1996–
Hida JR Central Nagoya - Takayama, Toyama 1968–
Inaji JR Central Toyohashi - Iida 1996–
Nanki JR Central Nagoya - Kii-katsuura 1978–
Shinano JR Central Osaka, Nagoya - Nagano 1968–
Tōkai JR Central Tokyo - Shizuoka 1996–2007
Super Inaba JR West Okayama - Tottori 1993–
Haruka JR West Kyoto/Shin-Ōsaka - Kansai Airport 1993–
Kinosaki JR West Kyoto - Kinosaki Onsen  
Kita-Kinki JR West Shin-Osaka, Fukuchiyama - Toyooka, Kinosaki Onsen 1986–
Kuroshio, Super Kuroshio, Ocean Arrow JR West Kyoto, Shin-Osaka, Tennoji - Wakayama, Shirahama, Shingu  
Ohayo Express, Oyasumi Express JR West Fukui - Kanazawa - Toyama, Nanao  
Super Oki JR West Tottori - Yonago, Shin-Yamaguchi  
Super Matsukaze JR West Tottori - Masuda  
Raichō / Thunderbird JR West Osaka - Kanazawa, Toyama, Uozu, Wakura Onsen  
Shirasagi JR West Nagoya, Maibara - Kanazawa, Toyama, Tomari, Wakura Onsen  
Lilac JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Asahikawa 1980–2007
Okhotsk JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Abashiri 1972–
Hokuto / Super Hokuto JR Hokkaido Hakodate - Sapporo 1965–
Super Kamui JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Asahikawa 2007–
Super Ozora JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Kushiro 1961–
Super Soya, Sarobetsu JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Wakkanai 2000–
Tokachi / Super Tokachi JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Obihiro 1990–
Super White Arrow JR Hokkaido New Chitose Airport/Sapporo - Asahikawa 1986–2007
Suzuran JR Hokkaido Muroran - Sapporo 1992–
Ashizuri JR Shikoku Kōchi - Nakamura  
Ishizuchi JR Shikoku Takamatsu - Matsuyama, Uwajima  
Nanpū JR Shikoku Okayama - Kōchi, Nakamura, Sukumo  
Shimanto JR Shikoku Takamatsu - Kōchi, Sukumo  
Shiokaze JR Shikoku Okayama - Iyo-Saijo, Matsuyama, Uwajima  
Uzushio JR Shikoku Okayama, Takamatsu - Tokushima  
Uwakai JR Shikoku Matsuyama - Uwajima  
Ariake JR Kyushu Mojiko, Kokura, Hakata - Kumamoto, Higo-Otsu, Hikari-no-mori 1967–
Huis Ten Bosch JR Kyushu Hakata - Huis Ten Bosch 1992–
Kaio JR Kyushu Hakata - Nogata 2001–
Kamome JR Kyushu Hakata - Nagasaki 1961–
Kirameki JR Kyushu Hakata - Kokura, Mojiko 2001–
Kirishima JR Kyushu Miyazaki, Kokubu - Kagoshima-Chuo 1995–
Kumagawa JR Kyushu Kumamoto - Hitoyoshi  
Kyushu Odan Express JR Kyushu Beppu - Hitoyoshi 2004–
Midori JR Kyushu Hakata - Sasebo  
Relay Tsubame JR Kyushu Hakata - Shin-Yatsushiro 2004–
Sonic JR Kyushu Hakata - Ōita (via Nippō Main Line) 1997–
Yufu, Yufuin-no-mori JR Kyushu Hakata - Ōita (via Kyūdai Main Line)  
Hakone Odakyu Shinjuku - Hakone-Yumoto  
Sagami Odakyu Shinjuku - Odawara  
μ Sky Meitetsu Shin-Unuma or Meitetsu Gifu - Central Japan International Airport  

Express[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Moriyoshi Akita Nairiku Kakunodate - Takanosu 1989-

Rapid[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Aterui JR East Mizusawa - Niigata  
Acty JR East Tokyo - Atami  
Aqua Liner JR West Yonago - Masuda  
Central Liner JR Central Nagoya - Nakatsugawa  
Hamayuri JR East Morioka - Kamaishi / Miyako (via Kamaishi Line)  
Karikachi JR Hokkaido Takikawa or Asahikawa - Obihiro  
Kitami JR Hokkaido Asahikawa - Kitami  
Kubikino JR East Arai - Niigata  
Marine Liner JR West / JR Shikoku Okayama - Takamatsu  
Mie JR Central Nagoya - Toba  
Nayoro JR Hokkaido Asahikawa - Nayoro  
Rabbit JR East Ueno - Utsunomiya / Kuroiso  
Rias JR East Morioka - Miyako (via Yamada Line)  
Shōnan Liner JR East Tokyo - Odawara (Some of trains pass Tōkaidō Freight Line)  
Tanbaji-Kaisoku JR West Osaka - Sasayamaguchi  
Tottori Liner JR West Tottori - Yonago  
Urban JR East Ueno - Takasaki / Maebashi  

Night trains[edit]

Limited express[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Akatsuki JR West Kyoto - Nagasaki  
Akebono JR East Ueno (Tokyo) - Aomori  
Asakaze   Tokyo - Shimonoseki –March 2005
Cassiopeia JR East Ueno - Sapporo  
Dream Nichirin JR Kyushu Hakata - Minami Miyazaki, Miyazaki Airport 1993–
Fuji JR Kyushu Tokyo - Ōita –March 2009
Hayabusa JR Kyushu Tokyo - Kumamoto –March 2009
Hokuriku JR East Ueno - Kanazawa –March 2010
Hokutosei JR East / JR Hokkaido Ueno - Sapporo  
Izumo JR East Tokyo - Izumoshi (via Tottori) –March 2006
Marimo JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Kushiro  
Naha JR Kyushu Kyoto - Kumamoto  
Nihonkai JR West / JR East Osaka - Aomori Aomori - Hakodate section discontinued in March 2006
Sunrise Izumo JR Central / JR West Tokyo - Izumoshi (via Okayama)  
Sunrise Seto JR Central / JR West Tokyo - Takamatsu  
Okhotsk JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Abashiri –March 2006; Daytime service continues
Rishiri JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Wakkanai  
Sakura   Tokyo - Nagasaki –March 2005
Suisei JR West Kyoto - Minami-Miyazaki –2005
Twilight Express JR West Osaka - Sapporo  

Express[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Daisen JR West Osaka - Yonago (via San'in Main Line) - October, 2004
Ginga JR West Tokyo - Osaka –March, 2008
Hamanasu JR Hokkaido Aomori - Sapporo  
Kitaguni JR West Osaka - Niigata  
Noto JR East Ueno - Kanazawa  

Rapid[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Moonlight Echigo JR East Shinjuku - Niigata  
Moonlight Nagara JR Central Tokyo - Ōgaki  

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • JR Timetable, December 2008
  • JR新幹線&特急列車ファイル (JR Shinkansen & Limited Express Train File). Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. 2008. ISBN 978-4-330-00608-6. 
  • 列車名鑑1995 (Train Name Directory 1995). Japan: Railway Journal. August 1995.