Sutoyo Siswomiharjo

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Siswomiharjo on a 1966 Indonesian stamp from the series "National heroes"
Official photograph

Sutoyo Siswomiharjo (28 August 1922 – 1 October 1965) was an Indonesian general who was kidnapped and later murdered during the attempted coup by the 30 September Movement.

Early life[edit]

Sutoyo was born in Kebumen, Central Java. He finished school before the Japanese invasion in 1942, and during the Japanese Occupation, he studied governmental administration in Jakarta.[1] He then worked as a government employee in Purworejo, but resigned in 1944.[2]

Career with the Indonesian military[edit]

After the Indonesian Declaration of Independence in 1945, Sutoyo joined the Police section of the People's Security Army (TKR), the forerunner of the Indonesian Army. This then became the Indonesian Military Police. In June 1946, he was appointed adjutant to Colonel Gatot Soebroto, commander of the Army Police. He rose steadily through the ranks within the Military Police, and in 1954 became chief of staff at Military Police Headquarters. He held this position for two years before being posted to London to serve as the assistant military attache at the Indonesian embassy. After training at the Army Staff and Command College in Bandung from 1959–1960, he was appointed acting Army judicial inspector, then because of his legal experience, in 1961 he became judicial inspector/chief military prosecutor[1][2][3]

Death[edit]

In the early hours of 1 October 1965, members of the 30 September Movement led by Sergeant Major Surono entered Sutoyo's house on Jalan Sumenep, Menteng, Central Jakarta. They gained entry through a garage at the side of the house. They forced his maid to hand over the key, entered the house and told Sutoyo he had been summoned by President Sukarno. They then took him to their base at Lubang Buaya.[4][5] There, he was killed and his body thrown into a disused well. Like those of his other murdered colleagues, his body was recovered on 4 October and he was given a state funeral the next day. He was posthumously promoted to Major General and made a Hero of the Revolution.[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sudarmanto (1996)
  2. ^ a b Mutiara Sumber Widya (publisher)(1999)
  3. ^ Bachtiar (1988)
  4. ^ Sekretariat Negara Republik Indonesia (1994)
  5. ^ Anderson & McVey (1971)
  6. ^ Sekretariat Negara Republik Indonesia (1975)

References[edit]

  • Anderson, Benedict R O'G & McVey, Ruth (1971), A Preliminary Analysis of the October 1, 1965 Coup in Indonesia, Modern Indonesian project Southeast Asian Program, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
  • Bachtiar, Harsja W. (1988), Siapa Dia?: Perwira Tinggi Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Darat (Who is S/He?: Senior Officers of the Indonesian Army), Penerbit Djambatan, Jakarta, ISBN 979-428-100-X
  • Mutiara Sumber Widya (publisher)(1999) Album Pahlawan Bangsa (Album of National Heroes), Jakarta
  • Sekretariat Negara Republik Indonesia (1975) 30 Tahun Indonesia Merdeka: Jilid 3 (1965-1973) (30 Years of Indonesian Independence: Volume 3 (1965-1973)
  • Secretariat Negara Republik Indonesia (1994) Gerakan 30 September Pemberontakan Partai Komunis Indonesia: Latar Belakang, Aksi dan Penumpasannya (The 30 September Movement/Communist Party of Indonesia: Bankground, Actions and its Annihilation) ISBN 9790830025
  • Sudarmanto, Y.B. (1996) Jejak-Jejak Pahlawan dari Sultan Agung hingga Syekh Yusuf (The Footsteps of Heroes from Sultan Agung to Syekh Yusuf), Penerbit Grasindo, Jakarta ISBN 979-553-111-5