Tata Indica

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Tata Indica
Tata Indica CR4 2014.jpg
Tata Indica 2014 model
Overview
Manufacturer Tata Motors
Production 1998–present
Assembly Pune, Maharashtra, India
Body and chassis
Class Supermini
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive

The Tata Indica is a supermini car produced by the Indian manufacturer Tata Motors since 1998. It is the first passenger car from Tata Motors and it is also considered India's first indigenously developed passenger car. As of August 2008, more than 910,000 units were produced and the platform had spawned off close to 1.2 million vehicles.[1] The annual sales of Indica has been as high as 144,690 units in 2006–07.[2] As of July 2009, monthly sales of Indica were around 8000 units. The models have also been exported to Europe, Africa and other countries since late in 2004.[3]

History[edit]

On 30 December 2000, Tata Motors (previously called TELCO) introduced the most modern car ever to be designed by an Indian company: the Indica. Initially introduced with the caption "More car per car," the ad campaign focused on roomy interiors and affordability. Within a week of its unveiling in 1999, the company received 115,000 bookings.[4] In two years, the Indica became the number one car in its segment.

Partly designed and developed by Tata Motors, it is a five-door compact hatchback with a 1.4 L petrol/diesel I4 engine designated as 475DL internally. This is a homegrown engine which is derived from the engine used by Tata in their line of pick-ups and SUVs earlier but with a reduced stroke. The original engine was designated as 483DL which stood for 4-cylinder and 83 mm stroke.

The Indica offered options like air conditioning and electric windows, which were previously restricted to only upmarket imported cars in India. Three years later the Indica was exported to European markets for the first time, and from 2003 the Indica was badge engineered and sold in the UK as the Rover CityRover. This vehicle ceased production in April 2005 when MG Rover went bankrupt, and did not resume production when new owners Nanjing Automobile launched its own versions of the MG Rover range in 2007.

The outer body styling was designed by the Italian design house I.DE.A Institute, under contract from Tata Motors, with heavy interaction with Tata's in-house design team. The engine, however, was indigenous.

First generation (1998–2007)[edit]

First generation
2000 Tata Indica.JPG
Overview
Also called Tata Indicab (panel van)
Tata B-Line (South Africa)[5]
Production 1998–2007
Assembly Pune, Maharashtra, India
Designer I.DE.A Institute
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door hatchback
Related Tata Indigo
Rover CityRover
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L I4 (petrol)
1.4 L I4 (petrol)
1.4 L I4 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,400 mm (94.5 in)
Length 3,690 mm (145.3 in)
Base: 3,675 mm (144.7 in)
Width 1,665 mm (65.6 in)
Top Version: 1,485 mm (58.5 in)
Height 1,485 mm (58.5 in)
Top Version: 1,500 mm (59.1 in)

When first launched, the Indica prompted many complaints from early purchasers, who claimed that the vehicle did not deliver horsepower and gas mileage as promised.[citation needed] In response to the customer complaints, Tata Motors re-engineered the internals of the car and launched it as Indica V2 (version 2), which solved most of the complaints and emerged as one of the most sought after cars in the Indian automobile industry. Later, it was again updated, now marketed as the "Refreshingly New Indica V2". This was followed by the next variant of Indica, current in early 2008, called the Indica V2 Xeta Petrol, which delivers 70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) of power at a fuel efficiency of 14 km/l (about 33 mpg U.S., fuel consumption of 7.1 L/100 km) under standard test conditions.[6] In Indian city conditions, fuel economy can drop to about 10 km/l (about 23.5 mpg U.S., 10 L/100 km).

Since the V1 and V2 which were visually identical, Tata had applied styling updates to the Indica in 2004[7] and 2007.[8]

In India, three versions were available with different trim levels.

  • Indica V2 – 1.4 L diesel (naturally aspirated engine (NA) in the DLE and DLS; turbocharged option in the DLS (TC); turbocharged and intercooled(TCIC Engine) DLG and DLX; DiCOR engine offered in the DLS and DLG);
  • Indica V2 Petrol – 1.4l Petrol Carbureted (Indica 2000) 1.4L petrol with Hitachi ECU, 1.2L and 1.4L petrol with Bosch ECU (Indica Xeta), 1.2 L LPG (GLE & GLS versions only);
  • Indicab – 1.4 L naturally aspirated diesel (DL and DLE), a low-price car with the same framework but fewer features and luxuries, aimed at cab and contract transport business fleets. Very popular among transport business people.[9]

Originally offered with 1.4L petrol and diesel engines, a turbocharged diesel engine was introduced in October 2005; a 1.2L petrol engine in November 2006 and a DiCOR (Direct Injection Common Rail) diesel version of Indica V2 was launched in January 2008. It features 16 valves, double overhead camshafts, a variable geometry turbocharger and an intercooler. The top end GLG, GLX, DLG, DLX versions and the turbo and DiCOR diesel engines, as well as the 1.4L petrol engines have been phased out with the introduction of the next generation Indica Vista. The turbocharged engine was reintroduced in August 2010 as the turbomax in the DLE and DLS Trim levels in metros where BS IV norms were introduced.[10] Later in March 2011, the Indica eV2 was launched with a 'CR4' engine similar to the earlier DiCor engine with features like Auto-Drive Assist and Clutch-To-Start and claims a class leading ARAI mileage of 25kmpl[11]

A compressed natural gas (CNG) was launched in 2001.[12] It is offered as an option through OEM Bedini kits offered by Shrimanker Gas Services India on the Indica V2 XETA.[13]

Faced with numerous CNG-related complaints, TATA organised a systematic recall and retrofit of Bedini equipment which included a new improved Lamda sensor / electronic control unit, Bedini emulator and new wiring harness approved and tested by both TATA and ARAI (Automotive Research Association of India) from 28–31 May 2007. With the new system, TATA aims to improve gas delivery and performance.[citation needed]

In its home market, the Indica offers good interior capacity and competes with the Maruti Suzuki Swift, Maruti Wagon-R, Maruti Alto, the Hyundai Santro and the Fiat Palio. The diesel versions, however, have little or no competition since few diesel cars exist in the Indica's price bracket.

The slightly higher-than-average net weight makes for a slightly more comfortable ride compared to lighter cars. Fit and finish continue be criticised compared to offerings from Fiat and Maruti.[14]

In the UK a badge engineered version was imported by the MG Rover Group and sold as the Rover CityRover. Other popular foreign markets include South Africa where the Indica and the Indicab models (known as B Line) are sold.

The Indica platform spawned a number of variants, including the Tata Indigo three-box saloon which includes the shorter Indigo CS, Long wheelbase XL and the Indigo Marina estate.

The following range of accessories were available for the Indica:

  • Power steering
  • HVAC – Heater, ventilation, and air conditioning
  • Turbocharger and intercooler
  • Alloy wheels
  • Power windows
  • Central locking with remote key-less entry
  • Ventilated disc brakes
  • 4-spoke steering wheel
  • Tinted windshields
  • Powerful fog lamps
  • Rear spoiler with integrated LED stop lamp
  • Luxurious beige/black interiors
  • Night adjust rear-view mirror
  • Chrome tip on silencer, chrome lining on grill and bonnet
  • Audio warnings – driver/passenger seat belt warning, door open warning
  • Tachometer (selected models)
  • Child lock on rear doors (selected models)
  • Alloy pedals

Second generation (2008–2015)[edit]

Second generation
2012 Tata Indica Safire front.JPG
Overview
Also called Tata Indica V3
Tata Vista Ego (South Africa)[15]
Production 2008–2015
Assembly Pune, Maharashtra, India
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door hatchback
Related Tata Indigo
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L Safire I4 (petrol)
1.4 L Safire I4 (petrol)
1.4 L TDI I4 (diesel)
1.3 L Multijet I4 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,470 mm (97.2 in)
Length 3,795 mm (149.4 in)
Width 1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Height 1,550 mm (61.0 in)
Chronology
Successor Tata Bolt
Indica Vista EV interior, with integrated navigation system

The Indica Vista was unveiled at the 9th Auto Expo in New Delhi. The Indica Vista is not a facelift of the Indica. It is built on a completely new platform and shares nothing with the existing Indica. This new version is bigger than the previous Indica, it is 3,795 mm (149.4 in) long with a wheelbase of 2,470 mm (97.2 in). The Indica Vista has two new Fiat engines,[16] a 1.3 L Quadrajet common rail direct injection diesel and a 1.2 L Safire MPFI VVT petrol engine. The 1.4 L TDi was available until April 2010, but was discontinued as it did not meet the Bharat Stage IV emission norms. The Quadrajet (Fiat Multijet) is produced in Ranjangaon by the Tata-Fiat joint venture.[17] The Indica Vista, previously rumoured to be named the Indica V3, was launched in August 2008.[18] Subsequently, a 1.4l, 90ps petrol variant was also launched. The Vista 1.2l Petrol version, also known as Safire is criticised for its low mileage which can range from 5 to 9 km/ltr of petrol with in the city[citation needed].

| Inline 4 || Inline 4 || Inline 4 || Inline 4 |- | style="text-align:right;"| Fuel Type | Diesel || Diesel || Petrol || Petrol |- | style="text-align:right;"| Fuel System | ID TC || CRDI || MPFI || MPFI |- | style="text-align:right;"| Minimum Turning Radius | – || – || – || – |- | style="text-align:right;"| Wheelsize | 14 in (360 mm) || 14 in (360 mm) || 13 in (330 mm) || 14 in (360 mm) |- | style="text-align:right;"| Tyres | 175 / 65 R14 (tubeless) || 175 / 65 R14 (tubeless)|| 175 / 70 R 13 (tubeless) || 175 / 65 R14 (tubeless) |- | style="text-align:right;"| Ground Clearance | 165 mm (6.5 in) || 165 mm (6.5 in) || 165 mm (6.5 in) || 165 mm (6.5 in) |}

Indica Vista EV[edit]

Tata Indica EV
Tata Indica EV engine bay

Electric versions of the Indica Vista by the name Indica Vista EV (Electric Vehicle) was scheduled for launched in India in 2011.[19] The electric vehicle will be based on the Indica Vista. Once charged, the car can travel up to 200 kilometres on its full electric motor. The car has started roll out in the last quarter of 2008[20] and in Spain in 2010-08-15.[21]

The car is powered by a 55 kW Permanent-magnet electric motor and a 26.5 kWh Lithium Polymer battery[22]

The company has indicated that the electric Indica would be launched locally in India in about 2010, without disclosing the price. The vehicle would be launched in Norway in 2009[23] and also would go on sale in continental Europe and the UK.[24]

In 2009, the UK's government (Business Secretary Lord Mandelson) has announced a £10 (€11.09) million loan to Tata to support the manufacturing of electric vehicles in the UK.[25]

Tata Motors' UK subsidiary, Tata Motors European Technical Centre, has bought a 50.3% holding in electric vehicle technology firm Miljø Grenland/Innovasjon of Norway for US$1.93 M, which specialises in the development of innovative solutions for electric vehicles, and plans to launch the electric Indica hatchback in Europe in 2010.[26][27] Electrovaya is partnering with Tata Motors and Miljø Grenland/Innovasjon to manufacture batteries and electric cars using Electrovaya’s Lithium Ion SuperPolymer battery technology.[28]

The Indica Vista EV has a 200 km (120 mi) range on a full charge[24] and a top speed of 105 kilometres per hour (65 mph).[25] With 0 to 60 km/h (37 mph) in less than 10 seconds. To achieve this, TM4 Electrodynamic systems (a subsidiary of Hydro-Québec) provided its efficient MOTIVE series electric motor.[29]

The Tata Indica Vista EVX was withdrawn from the Progressive Insurance Automotive X Prize, in the third round of four.[30]

Tata Motors began production of 25 units for field testing purposes at its U.K. assembly plant in Coventry in April 2011. These models were allocated to the CABLED trial that began in the West Midlands in April 2011. The market launch in the UK was scheduled for mid 2011 but it was postponed in May 2012. The field testing will continue with Tata employees.[31][32] The Indica Vista EV was expected to be priced at GB£29,000 before the GB£5,000 Plug-in Car Grant. The Indica Vista EV range is 110 mi (180 km).[31][33] The price is under €30,000 euros in Spain.[34]

Indica Vista Concept S[edit]

A design study to highlight its design skills, the Indica Vista Concept S was displayed by Tata at the 2010 Delhi Auto Expo.

Indica Vista Quadrajet[edit]

Tata Motors India has increased the engine line-up of Vista, an all new variant christened as Quadrajet 90 has been introduced. The Tata Indica Quadrajet 90 VX is tagged at Rs 6.03 lakh and the Quadrajet 90 ZX Rs 6.63 lakh (both prices ex-showroom-Mumbai). Quadrajet 90 engine is an 88 bhp 1.3L diesel mill which also does duty on Fiat Punto 90HP Sport and the Manza saloon.The engine has been introduced in two variants, VX and ZX. The new features introduced in the VX hatch are power windows, central locking, ABS with EBD and trip computer and features like alloy wheels and dual airbags are adds-on with the VX features on the ZX hatch.[citation needed]

Indica Vista D90[edit]

The Vista D90 is the most powerful Vista to date and is powered by Fiat sourced 1.3-litre multi-jet engine that belts out the maximum power of 90 PS. The car has been launched in two variants named Indica Vista D90 VX and D90 ZX+ at a price of Rs 5.99 lakh and Rs 6.83 lakh (ex-showroom Delhi) respectively.

Vista D90 VX The Vista D90 VX is the low-end variant out of these two and comes equipped with electric ORVMs, front and rear fog lamps, intelligent rear wiper, anti-lock brakes with electronic brake force distribution, front and rear power outlets, a double-DIN stereo with USB and Bluetooth connectivity, dual tone interiors, fabric seat covers, a driver aligned instrument cluster, a Driver Information System (DIS) with average fuel consumption and distance to empty display and a two-way adjustable lumbar support for the driver.[35]

Vista D90 ZX+

It is the new top of the line variant of the Vista and features a new touch-screen infotainment system with satellite navigation, the new Driver Information System (DIS) that gets a temperature gauge, an automatic climate control system, front airbags, follow-me-home headlamps, an LED stop lamp, one-touch function for the driver's power window and alloy wheels besides the features offered on Vista D90 VX.[36]

Upcoming Variants of Vista D90

Vista D90 Xtreme ConceptD90 VISTA

With the launch of the Vista D90 Tata also unveiled a new Vista based crossover concept called Vista D90 Xtreme. It will be powered by the similar 1.3 multi-jet engine, tuned for more power i.e. 115 PS, the engine has been tweaked by Abarth (Performance unit of Fiat) and Tata engineers together. The car also features some designing changes like it has a raised suspension of 25mm in order to extend its off-roading capabilities. The car also features number of cosmetic changes like a tailgate-mounted spare wheel (to give it the appearance of an SUV), black cladding running through the body, roof rails, flared wheel arches and larger, 16-inch alloy wheels.[37]

Concept car[edit]

During India's 2006 Auto Expo in New Delhi, Tata unveiled the Indica Silhouette concept car, a radical, high-performance Indica featuring rear-wheel drive, extensive bodywork, and a 3.5-litre 330 hp (246 kW) V6.[38] The car is capable of accelerating from 0–100 km/h in 4.5 seconds, and maxes out at 270 km/h (170 mph). The Silhouette is currently only a concept vehicle, and is completely different from the standard Indica.

Rally version[edit]

A homologated 1500 cc 115 bhp (86 kW) Indica with sporting suspension and capable of 180 km/h (110 mph) was prepared jointly by Tata Motors and J. Anand of Jayem Automotives.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.tata.com/company/releases/inside.aspx?artid=JRJI3w7xCQo=
  2. ^ Express News Service (28 August 2008). "All-new Indica rolled out in city". The Indian Express. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  3. ^ "Tata Motors sales jump 18 pc in July". The Economic Times. 3 August 2009. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  4. ^ "Rearview". Tata Motors. 26 April 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  5. ^ "Tata B-Line Specification" (PDF). Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  6. ^ "Tata's XETA". Business Line. Retrieved 16 January 2008. 
  7. ^ "Indica new version launched". The Hindu. 20 January 2004. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  8. ^ "The new-look Indica". Business Line. 14 January 2007. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  9. ^ "Indica, Mumbai's future taxi". The Indian Express. 9 November 1999. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  10. ^ http://www.tata.com/media/reports/inside.aspx?artid=DIWYsmgv3AM=
  11. ^ http://auto-india.co.in/tata-indica-dicor-will-be-india%E2%80%99s-most-fuel-efficient-car/
  12. ^ "Telco launches CNG version of Indica". Hinduonnet.com. 17 May 2001. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  13. ^ "Tata Motors offers CNG options for Indica, Indigo". Business Line. 21 July 2006. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  14. ^ "Hitchhiker’s guide to hatchbacks". The Indian Express. 22 June 2008. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  15. ^ "Tata Vista Ego specification" (PDF). Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  16. ^ (Italian)(Quattroruote) Tata Vista: passaporto indiano, cuore italiano
  17. ^ "Tata Motors launches new vehicle models at the New Delhi Auto Expo". tata.com. Archived from the original on 6 March 2008. Retrieved 10 January 2008. 
  18. ^ "All-new Indica Vista launched". The Hindu. 24 August 2008. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  19. ^ "Tatas may launch electric Indica by early 2011". Business Line. 25 November 2009. Retrieved 24 February 2010. 
  20. ^ "Tatas plan to drive out electric car on Indica platform". Hindustan Times. 27 July 2008. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  21. ^ "bases". Movele.ayesa.es. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  22. ^ "Tata Indica EV (Electric Vehicle)- Displayed at Auto Expo 2010– Features And Specifications". Carblogindia.com. 13 January 2010. Retrieved 1 April 2011. 
  23. ^ "Tata Motors Unveils Electric Versions of Indica And Ace". .lexisnexis.com. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  24. ^ a b http://www.autonews.com/article/20090304/ANE02/903049987/1193
  25. ^ a b "Tata gets £10m UK loan". Autocar. 18 September 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  26. ^ "TMETC acquires 50.3 per cent stake in Norway’s Miljo Grenland/Innovasjon; to launch first electric vehicle, Indica EV, in 2009". Tata.com. 14 October 2008. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  27. ^ Industry consultancy Ipsos' Greater China region. "INDIA [photo added 15:45BST]: Tata to launch EV next year". Just-auto.com. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  28. ^ "Electrovaya Partners with Tata Motors and Miljø to Launch Electric Car and Battery Production in Norway". Greencarcongress.com. 14 October 2008. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  29. ^ http://www.tm4.com/about-us/customers
  30. ^ "Competition Results | Progressive Automotive XPRIZE". Progressiveautoxprize.org. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
  31. ^ a b "Tata Indica Vista EV delivered to 25 select customers in U.K.". DWS Auto. 12 April 2001. Retrieved 16 June 2011. 
  32. ^ Faye Sunderland (2 May 2012). "Tata reveals alternative fuel vehicle plans for UK". The Green Car Website. Retrieved 11 May 2012. 
  33. ^ "Electric Tata Indica Vista is no Nissan Leaf". AutoblogGreen. 13 June 2001. Retrieved 16 June 2011. 
  34. ^ "Tata Indica Vista EV". Motor.terra.es. 26 May 2010. Retrieved 1 April 2011. 
  35. ^ "Indica vista compete". 1 Feb 2013. Retrieved 28 Jan 2013. 
  36. ^ "Tata Indica Vista". CarDekho. 1 Feb 2013. Retrieved 28 Jan 2013. 
  37. ^ "Tata Indica Vista Launched". CarDekho. 1 Feb 2013. Retrieved 28 Jan 2013. 
  38. ^ :: Autocar India – Car And Bike Magazine::[dead link]

External links[edit]