Tudela, Misamis Occidental
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Map of Misamis Occidental with Tudela highlighted
|Region||Northern Mindanao (Region X)|
|District||2nd district of Misamis Occidental|
|Founded||February 21, 1921|
|• Mayor||Estela Obut Estano|
|• Total||98.52 km2 (38.04 sq mi)|
|• Density||280/km2 (720/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
Tudela (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Tudela; Tagalog: Bayan ng Tudela) is a fourth class municipality in the province of Misamis Occidental, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 27,371 people.
Tudela is widely known for its colorful Binalbal Festival, where many revelers are clad in very gory costumes like a giant Halloween costume party. It is held every New Year's Day (Jan. 1). Close to the border of Tudela and Sinacaban, its neighboring town to the north, is the eco-tourism attraction Misamis Occidental Aquamarine Park (MOAP).
During the Spanish occupation of the Philippines, Tudela was previously known as Simbalagon. In 1847, a Spaniard named Juan Tejada founded the sitio of Simbalagon (after Simbalagon River, a tributary of Clarin River).
The origin of its name is ambiguous. One version claims that a certain Father Jimenez, a Spanish priest, changed its name from Simbalagon to Tudela after his birthplace in Spain. The other version states that in 1854 another Spanish priest named Apolinario Tudela was assigned in the town of 'Kuyamis' (later renamed 'Misamis', which is now the City of Ozamiz). Simbalagon, at that time a sitio of Kuyamis, was later renamed Tudela in honor of the priest, Apolinario Tudela.
A legendary derivation of the name of Tudela also tells that a group of people was sentenced to have their tongue cut off because of their false accusations against the Spanish government. The first syllable of Tudela was derived from the Spanish word todos, meaning all (the convicted), and dela of the native dialect, meaning tongue.
On February 21, 1921, during the American occupation, Governor General Francis Burton Harrison, through the efforts of Senator Jose F. Clarin, created the Municipality of Tudela through Executive Order No. 61 Series of 1920.
The first appointed Municipal President was Primitivo Ninang and its first Vice President was Pirigrin Sengidas. The following councilors appointed were Pio Adecir, Simeon Fuentes, Gregorio Madula, Casimeo Rubio, Julio Maliao, Florentino Olarte, Felix Codilla, and Isidro Sol.
The first appointed Municipal Secretary was Jose M. Castaños, known as “Secretario Municipal Interino”. The Provincial Fiscal nominated him and it was approved by Municipal Council Res. No. 123, series of 1923.
Spanish Language was used in the preparation of minutes, resolutions and ordinances from 1921 up to 1928 and in the later part of 1929 during the term of Ulpiano Balazo as Municipal President.
Originally, Tudela had 36 barangays. Since 1995, it has 33 barangays, when 3 barangays (Tuno, Lalud, and Lampasan) were annexed to the newly created municipality of Don Victoriano.
Tudela is bounded on the north by the municipality of Sinacaban, to the south by the municipality of Clarin, to the east by Iligan Bay, and to the west by the municipality of Don Victoriano Chiongbian and Mount Malindang. It is 20-minute drive from Ozamiz City to the south, and 45-minutes drive from Oroquieta City to the north.
- Canibungan Proper
- Casilak San Agustin
- Centro Hulpa (Pob.)
- Centro Napu (Pob.)
- Centro Upper (Pob.)
- Colambutan Bajo
- Calambutan Settlement
- Pan-ay Diot
- San Nicolas
|Population census of Tudela|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Places of worship:
- San Isidro Labrador Parish Church (Roman Catholic) - Upper Centro
- San Isidro Labrador Parish Church (Philippine Independent Church) - Centro Hulpa
- United Church of Christ in the Philippines - Upper Centro
- Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses - Purok 1, Taguima
- Sevent Day Adventist Church - Basirang; Nailon
- Kristohanon (Church of Tudela) - Barra
The majority hardly depends on agriculture and fishing. Commerce is also progressive in this municipality. There are many Tudelanhon businessmen. People in the municipality and of the neighboring barangays of Clarin and Sinacaban towns depend on the local market, instead of going to Ozamiz City, the economic hub in the province.
Products: aquaculture products: shrimps, prawns, crabs, tilapia, bangus (milkfish); furniture; poultry products; breads and pastries (the pineapple pie of Lee Bakery is one of the most requested for pasalubong); fishes and shells.
- Misamis Occidental Aquamarine Park: located along the mangroves of Tigdok and Libertad Bajo, baranggays of Tudela and Sinacaban, respectively - a wildlife park that serves as sanctuary for other endangered animals like the monkey-eating eagle and the tarsier, also found in the forests of nearby Mount Malindang National Park. A ten-minute boat ride away from the main park is Dolphin Island, a sanctuary for dolphins (and other endangered sea animals).
- Binalbal Festival - every January 1.
- Araw ng Tudela - every February 21
- Mount Malindang National Park
- Barra Beach
- Tudela Market Place and Bagsakan Center
The governance of the Municipality of Tudela was managed by elected, appointed and OIC Mayors from 1921 to 2014, as follows:
- 1921-1928 - Primitivo Ninang, first appointed
- 1928-1935 - Ulpiano Balazo, appointed
- 1935-1937 - Alberto Raagas, appointed
- 1938-1940 - Jose Singson, elected
- 1940-1943 - Alberto Raagas, elected
- 1943-1946 - Eladio Lagura, elected
- 1946-1947 - Eligio Dajao, appointed
- Feb. 1947 - Dec.1947 - Antonio Enriquez, appointed
- 1948-1959 - Gregorio Gamotin, elected
- 1960-1986 - Antero Singidas, elected
- 1986-1988 - Bernadette P. Encinareal, OIC
- Dec. 1988 - Feb. 1989 - Panfilo S. Olarte, OIC
- Mar. 1989 - Apr. 1989 - Nilo Y. Obut, OIC
- 1989- 1992 - Bernadette P. Encinareal, elected
- 1992- 2001 - Felix L. Sarigumba, elected
- 2001-2007 - Nilo Y. Obut, elected
- 2007- to date - Estela Obut-Estaño, elected
- Tudela is accessible by plane and served by Ozamiz City Airport, a short ride of motorcycle from the airport to the Ozamiz City Integrated Bus Terminal (IBJT).
- Served by Port of Ozamiz City.
- The public mode of transportation within this municipality is by tricycle and habal-habal.
- Telecommunications and internet are available. Mobile phone networks (Smart, Globe and Sun Cellular) operate extensively in the municipality.
- PhilPost has its office in the Municipal Hall. Most of the municipality is serviceable by commercial couriers (e.g. LBC, JRS Express, Air21, 2GO, etc.) based in Ozamiz City.
- All 33 barangays were energized by Misamis Occidental II Electric Cooperative, Inc. (MOELCI II).
- Poblacion area is served by Misamis Occidental Water District (MOWD). Rural barangays have their own water systems funded by the government.
There are 5 Primary Schools and 26 Elementary Schools a total of 31 schools that exist in the municipality.
- Tudela Central Elementary School
- San Isidro Academy Elementary Department
- Basirang Elementary School
- Sebac Elementary School
- Gumbil Elementary School
- Barra Elementary School
- Locsoon Elementary School
- Pan-ay Diot Elementary School
- Ozamiz Elementary School-located in barangay Cabol-anonan, named in honor of late Sen. José Ozámiz.
- San Isidro Academy Pre-school Department
- Ozamiz Elementary School Pre-school Department
- there are also church-operated pre-schools in the Poblacion.
- Tudela National Comprehensive High School.
- San Isidro Academy
- Northwestern Mindanao Christian Colleges. Founded as Northern Mindanao Academy on 1946.
- Colambotan Bajo National High School. The oldest public secondary school in the municipality.
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
- "Province: MISAMIS OCCIDENTAL". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
- Binalbal Festival
- Tudela Binalbal Festival Official Souvenir, published January 1, 2003, (Local Government Unit of Tudela, Misamis Occidental); Panfilo S. Olarte, Secretary to the Sanggunian 1988-2003
- Tito P. Daaca, page 1 of “History and Cultural Life of Tudela,” (Bureau of Public Schools, National Library, 1953)
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
- Splendour of the Far East: The Philippines
|Don V. Chiongbian||Iligan Bay|