Oroquieta

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Oroquieta
Component City
Official seal of Oroquieta
Seal
Map of Misamis Occidental with Oroquieta highlighted
Map of Misamis Occidental with Oroquieta highlighted
Oroquieta is located in Philippines
Oroquieta
Oroquieta
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 08°29′N 123°48′E / 8.483°N 123.800°E / 8.483; 123.800Coordinates: 08°29′N 123°48′E / 8.483°N 123.800°E / 8.483; 123.800
Country Philippines
Region Northern Mindanao (Region X)
Province Misamis Occidental
District 1st District of Misamis Occidental
Cityhood January 1, 1970
Barangays 47
Government[1]
 • Type City Legislative Council
 • Mayor Jason P. Almonte (LP)
 • Vice-Mayor Harry J. Guantero (LP)
 • City council
Area[2]
 • Total 237.88 km2 (91.85 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 68,945
 • Density 290/km2 (750/sq mi)
 • Language(s) Cebuano, Filipino, English,
Demonym Oroquietanon
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code[4] 7207
Dialing code 88
Ecclesiastical Province Archdiocese of Ozamis
Patron Saint Our Lady of Holy Rosary
Website www.oroquietacity.gov.ph

Oroquieta is a city in and the capital of the province of Misamis Occidental, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 68,945 people.[3]

Etymology[edit]

Some sources reveal that the town got its name from the barrio in Spain where Father Toas Tomas Casado, the first parish priest, and General Domingo Mariones y Murillo, a hero in the battle of Oroquieta, were born.

Another version is that Oroquieta had derived its name from the words oro (gold) and quita or kita (to find), in reference to the early inhabitants who had found gold along the river.

History[edit]

Layawan was the original name of Oroquieta, which was the barrio in the province of Misamis since 1861 until 1879. The early settlers then of the barrio were Boholanos. They found so many stray animals along the river, thus they named the place Layawan, which means a place of stray animals. A little later, Misamis was divided into two provinces, Misamis Occidental and Oriental. Then in 1880, Layawan changed its name to Oroquieta when it became a town.

Oroquieta became the capital (cabecera) on January 6, 1930. As capital town, people of various neighboring provinces came and inhabited in the place where they earn their living through fishing, farming, merchandising and other forms of businesses. Soon afterwards its income increased simultaneously with increase in population.

In 1942, Oroquieta was made the capital of the free Philippines by the guerillas. (Personal interview with the late Atty. Vicente Blanco, Municipal Mayor during the Japanese Occupation) During this time, President Manuel L. Quezon, together with Sergio Osmeña Sr., a bodyguard and Major Manuel Nieto Sr., landed in Oroquieta after their evacuation from Corregidor to Australia.

The seat of government of the Free Philippines then was the Capitol. The Free Philippine Government was then issuing Misamis Occidental emergency notes. President Quezon, upon knowing that Oroquieta was made a capital of the Free Philippines and that the town was issuing emergency notes, authorized the Printing of the Mindanao emergency note.

Oroquieta was created a city under Republic Act 5518 and inaugurated as a chartered city on January 1, 1970. The charter converting the municipality of Oroquieta into a city were signed by President Marcos on June 25, 1969, in the presence of the then City Mayor Ciriaco C. Pastrano, with the newly elected councilors and other city officials.

Geography[edit]

Oroquieta City is bounded on the south by Aloran and the north by Lopez Jaena. On the eastern side is Iligan Bay, with Concepcion on the southwest and Sapang Dalaga on the northwest. Lowland plains and coastal lowlands are located in the City’s eastern side while highlands and mountains tower over its western side.

The City occupies roughly 26,393 hectares, the majority of which comprises the mountain barangays of Mialen, Toliyok, and Sebucal, averaging less than a thousand hectares per Barangay, the 47 barangays of the City outsize its urbanized counterparts.

Barangays[edit]

Oroquieta City is politically subdivided into 47 barangays.[2]

  • Apil
  • Binuangan
  • Bolibol
  • Buenavista
  • Bunga
  • Buntawan
  • Burgos
  • Canubay
  • Clarin Settlement
  • Dolipos Bajo
  • Dolipos Alto
  • Dulapo
  • Dullan Norte
  • Dullan Sur
  • Lower Lamac
  • Layawan
  • Lower Langcangan
  • Lower Loboc
  • Lower Rizal
  • Malindang
  • Mialen
  • Mobod
  • Ciriaco C. Pastrano (Nilabo)
  • Paypayan
  • Pines
  • Poblacion I
  • Poblacion II
  • Proper Langcangan
  • San Vicente Alto (Dagatan)
  • San Vicente Bajo (Baybay Dagatan)
  • Sebucal
  • Senote
  • Taboc Norte
  • Taboc Sur
  • Talairon
  • Talic
  • Toliyok
  • Tipan
  • Tuyabang Alto
  • Tuyabang Bajo
  • Tuyabang Proper
  • Upper Langcangan
  • Upper Lamac
  • Upper Loboc
  • Upper Rizal (Tipalac)
  • Victoria
  • Villaflor

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Oroquieta
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 52,500 —    
1995 56,012 +1.22%
2000 59,843 +1.43%
2007 65,349 +1.22%
2010 68,945 +1.97%

Health[edit]

Hospitals and healthcare facilities:

  • Misamis Occidental Provincial Hospital
  • St. Therese Hospital
  • Dignum Foundation Hospital
  • Oroquieta Community Hospital
  • Tamola-Tan Medical Center

Education[edit]

Students coming from Lanao del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga del Norte and Misamis Occidental come to Oroquieta to pursue their college education.

College/University Location
Misamis University (MU) Ozamis St. Poblacion 1, Oroquieta City
Mindanao University of Science and Technology (MUST) Rizal St. Mobod Highway, Oroquieta City
Dr. Solomon U. Molina College (DSUMC) Independence St. Villaflor Oroquieta City
C-Lan Institute of Technology LM Building, Lower Langcangan, Oroquieta City
Oroquieta Agro Industrial School (OAIS) Villaflor, Oroquieta City
Southern Capital College (SCC) Juan Luna St. Poblacion 2, Oroquieta City
Stella Maris College (SMC) Rizal St. Poblacion 1, Oroquieta City
Misamis Occidental Technological Institute (MOTI) Pastrano St. Poblacion 1, Oroquieta City
Kennedy School of Practical Nursing (KSPN) Ozamis St. Poblacion 2, Oroquieta City

Secondary Schools

  • Misamis Occidental National High School
  • Talairon National High School
  • Oroquieta City National High School
  • Mobod Integrated School
  • Misamis Occidental Science and Technology High School
  • Senote National High School
  • Rizal National High School

Media[edit]

  • Misamis Cable TV Network
  • MIT-RTVN DXNA Radio One FM 91.3
  • PEC Broadcasting Real Radio FM 103.5
  • Kaisar Broadcasting DXNT FM 96.5 Natural
  • Manila Broadcasting Radyo Natin FM DXRQ 106.1
  • Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT)
  • Tingog Misamisnon Channel
  • RMA Cable TV

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 14 July 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: MISAMIS OCCIDENTAL". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Oroquieta in Misamis ZIP Codes in the Philippines". 2010-09-26. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 

External links[edit]