Tug of war at the Summer Olympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tug of war at the Summer Olympics
Tug of war pictogram.svg
Governing body TWIF
Events 1 (men)
Games
1896 1900 1904 1908 1912 1920
1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000
2004 2008 2012 2016
Medalists
Tug of war competition in 1904 Summer Olympics

Tug of war was contested as a team event in the Summer Olympics at every Olympiad from 1900 to 1920. Originally the competition was entered by groups called clubs. A country could enter more than one club in the competition, making it possible for one country to earn multiple medals. This happened in 1904, when the United States won all three medals, and in 1908 when the podium was occupied by three British teams.[1] Sweden was also among the top countries with two medals, one as a member of the mixed team.

During its time as an Olympic sport, it was considered to be part of the Olympic athletics programme, although the sports of tug of war and athletics are now considered distinct.[2]

Medal table[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Great Britain (GBR) 2 2 1 5
2  United States (USA) 1 1 1 3
3  Sweden (SWE) 1 0 0 1
 Mixed team (ZZX) 1 0 0 1
5  France (FRA) 0 1 0 1
 Netherlands (NED) 0 1 0 1
7  Belgium (BEL) 0 0 1 1
Total 5 5 3 13

Medal summary[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1900 Paris  Mixed team (ZZX)
 Edgar Aabye (DEN)
 August Nilsson (SWE)
 Eugen Schmidt (DEN)
 Gustaf Söderström (SWE)
 Karl Staaf (SWE)
 Charles Winckler (DEN)
 France (FRA)
Raymond Basset
Jean Collas
Charles Gondouin
Joseph Roffo
Emile Sarrade
Constantin Henriquez de Zubiera
none - only two teams competed
1904 St. Louis  United States (USA)
(Milwaukee Athletic Club)
Oscar Olson
Sidney Johnson
Henry Seiling
Conrad Magnusson
Patrick Flanagan
 United States (USA)
(Southwest Turnverein of Saint Louis No. 1)
Max Braun
William Seiling
Orrin Upshaw
Charles Rose
August Rodenberg
 United States (USA)
(Southwest Turnverein of Saint Louis No. 2)
Charles Haberkorn
Frank Kugler
Charles Thias
Harry Jacobs
Oscar Friede
1908 London  Great Britain (GBR)
(City of London Police)
William Hirons
Frederick Goodfellow
Edward Barrett
John James Shepherd
Frederick Humphreys
Edwin Mills
Albert Ireton
Frederick Merriman
 Great Britain (GBR)
(Liverpool Police)
Patrick Philbin
James Clarke
Thomas Butler
Alexander Kidd
George Smith
Thomas Swindlehurst
Daniel Lowey
William Greggan
 Great Britain (GBR)
(Metropolitan Police K Division)
Walter Tammas
William Slade
Alexander Munro
Ernest Ebbage
Thomas Homewood
Walter Chaffe
James Woodget
Joseph Dowler
1912 Stockholm  Sweden (SWE)
Arvid Andersson
Adolf Bergman
Johan Edman
Erik Algot Fredriksson
Carl Jonsson
Erik Larsson
August Gustafsson
Herbert Lindström
 Great Britain (GBR)
Alexander Munro
John Sewell
John James Shepherd
Joseph Dowler
Edwin Mills
Frederick Humphreys
Mathias Hynes
Walter Chaffe
none - only two teams competed
1920 Antwerp  Great Britain (GBR)
George Canning
Frederick Holmes
Edwin Mills
John James Shepherd
Harry Stiff
John Sewell
Frederick Humphreys
Ernest Thorn
 Netherlands (NED)
Willem van Rekum
Marinus van Rekum
Willem van Loon
Henk Janssen
Wilhelmus Bekkers
Johannes Hengeveld
Sijtse Jansma
Antonius van Loon
 Belgium (BEL)
Édouard Bourguignon
Alphonse Ducatillon
Raymond Maertens
Christin Piek
Henri Pintens
Charles Van den Broeck
François Van Hoorenbeek
Gustave Wuyts

Nations[edit]

Teams consisted of 6 members in 1900 (Denmark and Sweden competed together), 5 members in 1904, and 8 members in the last three appearances of the sport.

Nation 00 04 08 12 20 Years
Belgium 8 1
Denmark 3 1
France 6 1
Great Britain 24 8 8 3
Greece 5 1
Italy 8 1
Netherlands 8 1
South Africa 5 1
Sweden 3 8 8 3
United States 20 8 8 3
No. of nations 3 3 3 2 5 10
No. of pullers 12 30 40 16 40 128

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

http://www.tugofwar.co.uk/3078/134023.html - A History of Tug of War in the Olympics