Gymnastics at the Summer Olympics

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Gymnastics at the Summer Olympics
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg
Governing body FIG
Events 13 (men: 9; women: 4)
Games
1896 1900 1904 1908 1912 1920
1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000
2004 2008 2012 2016
Medalists (men • women)

Gymnastics events have been contested at every Summer Olympic Games since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens. For 32 years, only men were allowed to compete. Beginning at the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam, women were allowed to compete in artistic gymnastics events as well. Rhythmic gymnastics events were introduced at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, and Trampolining events were added at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney.

Artistic gymnastics[edit]

Events[edit]

Men[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
All-around, Team - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
All-around, Individual X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
Floor exercise - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 19
Horizontal bar X - X - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Parallel bars X - X - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Pommel horse X - X - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Rings X - X - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Vault X - X - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Rope climbing X - X - - - X - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4
Club swinging - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
Horizontal bar, Team X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
Parallel bars, Team X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
Free system, Team - - - - X X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2
Swedish system, Team - - - - X X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2
Combined - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
Triathlon - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
Indian clubs - - - - - - - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
Sidehorse vault - - - - - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
Tumbling - - - - - - - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
Events 8 1 11 2 4 4 9 7 11 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8

Women[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
All-around, Team - - - - - - - X - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 19
All-around, Individual - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 16
Balance beam - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 16
Floor exercise - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 16
Uneven bars - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 16
Vault - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 15
Team, portable apparatus - - - - - - - - - - - X X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2
Events 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 7 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

Medal table[edit]

(1896-2012)

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Soviet Union (URS) 72 67 43 182
2  United States (USA) 33 36 32 101
3  Japan (JPN) 29 33 33 95
4  China (CHN) 26 18 15 59
5  Romania (ROM) 25 20 27 72
6  Switzerland (SUI) 16 19 13 48
7  Hungary (HUN) 15 11 14 40
8  Italy (ITA) 14 5 9 28
9  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 12 13 10 35
10  Germany (GER) 12 11 12 35
11  Russia (RUS) 9 12 16 37
12  Unified Team (EUN) 9 5 4 18
13  Finland (FIN) 8 5 12 25
14  East Germany (GDR) 6 13 17 36
15  Ukraine (UKR) 6 3 7 16
16  Yugoslavia (YUG) 5 2 4 11
17  Sweden (SWE) 5 2 1 8
18  Greece (GRE) 4 3 2 9
19  France (FRA) 3 10 9 22
20  Bulgaria (BUL) 2 2 6 10
21  Spain (ESP) 2 1 1 4
22  Netherlands (NED) 2 0 0 2
 North Korea (PRK) 2 0 0 2
24  South Korea (KOR) 1 4 4 9
25  Denmark (DEN) 1 2 1 4
 Norway (NOR) 1 2 1 4
27  Poland (POL) 1 1 2 4
28  Unified Team of Germany (EUA) 1 1 1 3
29  Latvia (LAT) 1 1 0 2
30  Brazil (BRA) 1 0 0 1
 Canada (CAN) 1 0 0 1
32  Great Britain (GBR) 0 2 7 9
33  Belgium (BEL) 0 1 1 2
34  Croatia (CRO) 0 1 0 1
35  Belarus (BLR) 0 0 4 4
36  West Germany (FRG) 0 0 1 1
 Uzbekistan (UZB) 0 0 1 1
Total 325 305 304 939

Rhythmic gymnastics[edit]

Events[edit]

Event 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
Women's individual all-round X X X X X X X X 8
Women's group - - - X X X X X 5

Medal table[edit]

(1984-2012)

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Russia (RUS) 8 3 2 13
2  Spain (ESP) 1 1 0 2
3  Ukraine (UKR) 1 0 3 4
4  Unified Team (EUN) 1 0 1 2
 Soviet Union (URS) 1 0 1 2
6  Canada (CAN) 1 0 0 1
7  Belarus (BLR) 0 4 2 6
8  Bulgaria (BUL) 0 2 1 3
9  Italy (ITA) 0 1 1 2
10  Romania (ROM) 0 1 0 1
 China (CHN) 0 1 0 1
12  West Germany (FRG) 0 0 1 1
 Greece (GRE) 0 0 1 1

Trampolining[edit]

Events[edit]

Event 00 04 08 12 Years
Women's individual X X X X 4
Men's individual X X X X 4

Medal table[edit]

(2000-2012)

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  China (CHN) 3 1 4 8
2  Russia (RUS) 2 2 0 4
3  Canada (CAN) 1 3 2 6
4  Ukraine (UKR) 1 1 0 2
5  Germany (GER) 1 0 1 2
6  Australia (AUS) 0 1 0 1
7  Uzbekistan (UZB) 0 0 1 1

Nations[edit]

Nations competing in gymnastics, and the number of gymnasts each nation brought to each Olympics, are shown below.

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
 Algeria (ALG) 1 1 2
 Argentina (ARG) 7 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 8
 Armenia (ARM) 1 1 2
 Australia (AUS) 9 4 12 2 3 3 3 4 3 7 8 8 7 7 6 15
 Austria (AUT) 8 16 16 1 12 2 6
 Azerbaijan (AZE) 1 1
 Bangladesh (BAN) 1 1
 Barbados (BAR) 1 1
 Belarus (BLR) 14 12 3 7 2 5
 Belgium (BEL) 2 2 48 8 3 5 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 15
 Bohemia (BOH) 1 2 1 3
 Bolivia (BOL) 1 1
 Brazil (BRA) 2 2 2 2 2 7 7 8 8
 Bulgaria (BUL) 1 7 16 6 12 8 11 12 12 12 12 12 8 6 2 2 2 17
 Canada (CAN) 2 2 3 4 10 9 9 12 12 9 6 8 12 8 6 15
 China (CHN) 12 12 12 14 12 12 12 10 8
 Chinese Taipei (TPE) 8 4 1 1 4
 Colombia (COL) 1 2 2 3
 Croatia (CRO) 1 2 2 3
 Cuba (CUB) 7 3 1 2 6 12 6 3 6 2 3 11
 Czech Republic (CZE) 2 2 1 2 2 5
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) 16 8 8 16 16 16 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 6 5 15
 Denmark (DEN) 1 24 49 45 8 7 3 1 1 9
 Dominican Republic (DOM) 1 1
 East Germany (GDR) 12 12 12 12 12 5
 Ecuador (ECU) 3 1
 Egypt (EGY) 2 8 8 6 1 1 2 3 8
 Estonia (EST) 1 1
 Finland (FIN) 31 24 8 8 3 8 8 16 6 12 8 6 1 1 14
 France (FRA) 1 108 60 6 29 8 20 8 16 16 5 12 6 9 12 9 6 8 9 9 14 12 12 12 10 25
 Georgia (GEO) 1 1 1 2 4
 Germany (GER) 11 14 7 11 18 16 6 12 12 12 9 6 8 12 10 15
 Great Britain (GBR) 1 5 65 23 27 8 20 8 16 14 3 12 4 4 9 12 6 12 4 8 4 7 6 8 10 25
 Greece (GRE) 52 1 8 4 4 2 3 7
 Guatemala (GUA) 1 1 1 3
 Hong Kong (HKG) 2 1
 Hungary (HUN) 2 2 6 17 20 4 16 16 16 8 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 10 3 2 2 3 23
 Iceland (ISL) 1 1 1 3
 India (IND) 2 3 6 3
 Iran (IRI) 2 1
 Ireland (IRL) 1 1 2
 Israel (ISR) 3 1 4 1 1 1 3 7
 Italy (ITA) 1 32 18 27 8 20 7 16 16 16 6 12 6 9 12 9 4 9 8 9 8 8 12 10 24
 Japan (JPN) 3 8 5 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 9 13 8 8 12 10 17
 Kazakhstan (KAZ) 3 2 1 2 4
 Latvia (LAT) 1 1 2 1 4
 Lebanon (LIB) 2 1
 Liechtenstein (LIE) 1 1
 Lithuania (LTU) 1 1 1 2 4
 Luxembourg (LUX) 19 8 8 8 8 6 2 8 2 1 10
 Malaysia (MAS) 1 1 1 3
 Mexico (MEX) 3 5 1 12 7 3 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 14
 Monaco (MON) 2 1
 Mongolia (MGL) 3 4 2 3
 Morocco (MAR) 6 1
 Namibia (NAM) 1 1
 Netherlands (NED) 23 20 8 8 6 12 6 1 2 2 2 11
 New Zealand (NZL) 3 2 2 3
 North Korea (PRK) 6 12 9 1 3 8 2 7
 Norway (NOR) 30 46 26 11 1 2 6 7 1 1 1 1 12
 Philippines (PHI) 4 2 2 3
 Poland (POL) 8 16 6 12 12 12 12 6 9 1 2 2 2 13
 Portugal (POR) 9 4 1 2 1 2 1 2 8
 Puerto Rico (PUR) 1 2 1 1 1 2 6
 Romania (ROM) 8 16 6 6 12 12 12 12 8 12 12 13 12 12 12 10 16
 Russia (RUS) 4 14 12 12 12 10 6
 Saar (SAA) 6 1
 San Marino (SMR) 1 1 2
 Singapore (SIN) 1 1
 Slovakia (SVK) 1 1 1 1 2 5
 Slovenia (SLO) 1 2 2 1 4
 South Africa (RSA) 3 2 1 1 4
 South Korea (KOR) 2 9 1 8 9 8 8 7 7 7 6 11
 Soviet Union (URS) 16 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 10
 Spain (ESP) 1 12 4 6 6 9 9 8 8 12 12 8 6 13
 Sweden (SWE) 1 38 24 24 8 15 8 12 9 6 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 17
 Switzerland (SUI) 1 2 1 8 8 8 8 8 6 6 6 12 6 12 2 6 4 1 3 3 2 21
 Tunisia (TUN) 1 1 2
 Turkey (TUR) 1 1 2
 Ukraine (UKR) 14 12 12 8 6 5
 United States (USA) 111 4 8 8 19 16 16 16 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 14 12 12 12 10 22
 Uzbekistan (UZB) 2 1 1 2 1 5
 Venezuela (VEN) 1 2 1 3
 Vietnam (VIE) 1 3 2
 West Germany (FRG) 12 12 6 12 8 5
 Yemen (YEM) 1 1
 Yugoslavia (YUG) 8 8 16 16 16 9 6 7 12 1 10
No. of nations 9 8 3 14 12 11 9 11 6 16 19 30 21 33 33 30 28 23 20 19 28 28 36 43 42 38 55
No. of gymnasts 71 135 119 327 249 250 72 148 39 175 211 319 128 254 215 218 237 178 130 136 179 185 215 195 195 196 196

See also[edit]

References[edit]