Diving at the Summer Olympics

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Diving at the Summer Olympics
Diving pictogram.svg
Governing body FINA
Events 8 (men: 4; women: 4)
Games
1896 1900 1904 1908 1912 1920
1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000
2004 2008 2012
Medalists

Diving was first introduced in the official programme of the Summer Olympic Games at the 1904 Games of St. Louis and has been an Olympic sport since. It was known as "fancy diving"[1] for the acrobatic stunts performed by divers during the dive (such as somersaults and twists). This discipline of Aquatics, along with swimming, synchronized swimming and water polo, is regulated and supervised by the International Swimming Federation (FINA), the international federation (IF) for aquatic sports.

History[edit]

The first Olympic diving events were contested by men and consisted of a platform diving event ("fancy high diving") and also a plunge for distance event, which heralded victorious the diver who could reach the farthest underwater, while remaining motionless after a ground-level standing dive. At the 1908 Summer Olympics, men's springboard diving was added to the programme replacing the plunge for distance, regarded as uninteresting.[2] Women's diving debut happened at the 1912 Summer Olympics in the platform event and was expanded to springboard diving at the 1920 Summer Olympics. A parallel platform diving event for men, called "plain high diving", was presented at the Games of the V Olympiad. No acrobatic moves were allowed, only a simple straight dive off the platform.[3] It was last contested at the 1924 Summer Olympics after which it was merged with "fancy high diving" into one competition renamed "highboard diving" (or just "high diving").[4]

By the time of the 1996 Summer Olympics, the diving events were exactly the same as in 1928. However, four years later in Sydney, the inclusion of a synchronized diving variant for the springboard and platform events elevated the list up to eight events.

Another important change to the sport occurred in the 1984 Summer Olympics, when China was first allowed to compete, ending the ban imposed upon them by FINA because of their nation's government. China has won many medals since then.[citation needed]

Medal table[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 49 42 44 135
2  China (CHN) 33 17 9 59
3  Sweden (SWE) 6 8 7 21
4  Russia (RUS) 4 8 6 18
5  Soviet Union (URS) 4 4 6 14
6  Italy (ITA) 3 4 2 9
7  Australia (AUS) 3 3 6 12
8  Unified Team of Germany (EUA) 3 1 0 4
9  Germany (GER) 2 8 10 20
10  East Germany (GDR) 2 2 3 7
11  Mexico (MEX) 1 6 6 13
12  Canada (CAN) 1 4 6 12
13  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 1 0 2
14  Denmark (DEN) 1 0 1 2
15  Greece (GRE) 1 0 0 1
16  Great Britain (GBR) 0 2 5 7
17  Unified Team (EUN) 0 2 1 3
18  Egypt (EGY) 0 1 1 2
19  France (FRA) 0 1 0 1
20  Ukraine (UKR) 0 0 2 2
21  Malaysia (MAS) 0 0 1 1
Total 114 114 116 344

Events[edit]

All events are named according to the International Olympic Committee labeling.[5]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
Men's 10 m platform     24
Men's 3 m springboard     25
Men's synchronized 10 m platform     4
Men's synchronized 3 m springboard     4
Plain high diving     3
Plunge for distance     1
Women's 10 m platform     23
Women's 3 m springboard     21
Women's synchronized 10 m platform     4
Women's synchronized 3 m springboard     4
Events     2 2 4 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 24

Nations[edit]

The numbers in each cell indicate the number of divers that nation sent to that Games.

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
 Argentina (ARG)     1 1 2 1 4
 Armenia (ARM)     2 1 2
 Australasia (ANZ)     1 1
 Australia (AUS)     1 1 X X X X X X 2 2 3 4 4 4 5 7 7 6 7 9 19
 Austria (AUT)     1 3 X X X X X X X 4 1 4 3 2 1 2 2 2 3 2 3 21
 Azerbaijan (AZE)     1 1 2
 Bahamas (BAH)     1 1
 Barbados (BAR)     1 1
 Belarus (BLR)     5 2 3 4 4
 Belgium (BEL)     1 3 2 1 1 1 6
 Bermuda (BER)     X X 1 3
 Bolivia (BOL)     1 1
 Brazil (BRA)     1 X X X X 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 13
 Bulgaria (BUL)     2 1 1 3
 Canada (CAN)     1 2 1 X X X X X X 3 4 8 9 7 6 8 6 7 6 10 20
 Chile (CHI)     X X 2
 China (CHN)     8 8 8 7 8 10 10 7
 Chinese Taipei (TPE)     2 4 2
 Colombia (COL)     X 1 3 2 2 1 3 7
 Costa Rica (CRC)     1 1
 Cuba (CUB)     X 2 2 6 6 5 6
 Czech Republic (CZE)     1 1
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)     2 X X X 1 1 1 2 8
 Denmark (DEN)     5 4 X X X X X X X 2 1 11
 Dominican Republic (DOM)     1 2 3 3
 East Germany (GDR)     5 7 7 9 4 6
 Ecuador (ECU)     1 1 2
 Egypt (EGY)     X X X X X 1 4 7
 Finland (FIN)     2 6 3 6 X X X X X X 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 18
 France (FRA)     1 12 X X X X X X X 3 2 1 1 2 2 1 6 1 2 19
 Georgia (GEO)     2 1 2
 Germany (GER)     3 5 4 X X X 6 7 8 10 14 11
 Great Britain (GBR)     16 3 5 11 X X X X X X 6 5 8 4 6 6 5 4 5 8 7 10 22
 Greece (GRE)     1 1 5 8 1 5
 Guatemala (GUA)     1 1
 Hong Kong (HKG)     2 2 1 1 4
 Hungary (HUN)     X X X X X 2 2 3 3 2 4 3 2 13
 India (IND)     2 1
 Indonesia (INA)     1 3 2
 Iran (IRI)     1 1
 Israel (ISR)     X X 2
 Italy (ITA)     1 1 1 1 X X X X 3 4 2 4 1 2 4 3 2 5 6 8 20
 Jamaica (JAM)     1 1
 Japan (JPN)     1 X X X X X X 9 4 3 3 3 4 3 3 1 2 2 17
 Kazakhstan (KAZ)     5 5 2
 Kuwait (KUW)     2 1 2 1 2 5
 Malaysia (MAS)     3 3 4 3
 Mexico (MEX)     X X X X X X X 3 6 4 5 6 6 3 8 5 7 5 7 19
 Netherlands (NED)     4 X X X X X 2 2 1 2 2 11
 New Zealand (NZL)     1 3 1 3
 North Korea (PRK)     4 3 5 3 3 5
 Norway (NOR)     3 4 X X 1 1 2 1 1 9
 Peru (PER)     X 1 2
 Philippines (PHI)     2 2 2
 Poland (POL)     X 5 3 2 1 1 6
 Portugal (POR)     1 1
 Puerto Rico (PUR)     1 2 1 2 1 1 6
 Rhodesia (RHO)     X 3 2
 Romania (ROU)     3 3 4 3 3 1 2 7
 Russia (RUS)     1 7 7 9 10 5
 South Africa (RSA)     X 1 1 1 4
 South Korea (KOR)     X 3 2 1 2 4 4 1 8
 Soviet Union (URS)     X X X 12 10 9 11 12 8 9
 Spain (ESP)     3 2 3 3 2 2 3 5 5 4 2 11
 Sri Lanka (SRI)     X 1 2
 Sweden (SWE)     10 34 12 11 X X X X X X X 2 1 2 3 2 2 2 1 3 1 1 2 23
 Switzerland (SUI)     1 1 X X X X X 1 1 2 1 3 1 13
 Syria (SYR)     X 1 2
 Tajikistan (TJK)     2 1
 Thailand (THA)     1 2 2 3
 Turkey (TUR)     1 1
 Ukraine (UKR)     6 9 8 9 4
 Unified Team (EUN)     7 1
 United States (USA)     7 2 2 14 10 X X X X X X X 12 11 8 11 7 7 7 8 7 10 12 23
 Unified Team of Germany (EUA)     X 9 2
 Uruguay (URU)     1 1
 Venezuela (VEN)     X 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 8
 West Germany (FRG)     X 8 9 4 4 6 6
 Yugoslavia (YUG)     1 2 3
 Zimbabwe (ZIM)     3 2 1 2 1 1 6
Nations     2 9 10 14 14 18 9 21 21 21 16 24 21 23 25 22 21 29 31 30 40 42 30 29 80
Divers     10 39 57 53 71 61 28 69 62 72 59 74 82 83 90 82 67 80 81 95 121 157 125 136  
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 24

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Aquatics - Diving". Sports. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2007-01-21. 
  2. ^ Bill Bryson. "A City Under Starter's Orders". Olympics 2000 Sydney. The Sunday Times. Retrieved 2007-01-22. 
  3. ^ "Aquatics - Diving". Summer Sports. Australian Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2007-01-22. 
  4. ^ "Diving". The Sports Yellow Pages!!. ThinkQuest. Retrieved 2007-01-22. 
  5. ^ "Olympic medal winners". Athletes. International Olympic Committee. 

References[edit]