Water polo at the Summer Olympics

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Water polo at the Summer Olympics
Water polo pictogram.svg
Governing body FINA
Events 2 (men: 1; women: 1)
Games
1896 1900 1904 1908 1912 1920
1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000
2004 2008 2012 2016
Note: demonstration sport years indicated in italics
Medalists

Water polo has been part of the Summer Olympics program since the second games, in 1900. A women's water polo tournament was introduced for the 2000 Summer Olympics. Hungary, Italy and Great Britain have historically dominated this sport, with the first having won more gold medals than the other two combined.

The most famous water polo match in history is probably the 1956 Summer Olympics semi-final match between Hungary and the Soviet Union. As the athletes left for the games, the Hungarian revolution began, and the Soviet army crushed the uprising. The Hungarians defeated the Soviets 4–0 before the game was called off in the final minute to prevent angry Hungarians in the crowd reacting to Valentin Prokopov punching Ervin Zador's eye open.

Events[edit]

Notes
The X indicates that the torunament was held on the appropriate olympic game
The bullet () denotes that it was contested as a demonstration sport.
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Games
Men's tournament X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Women's tournament X X X X 4

Participating nations[edit]

Men[edit]

(Note: Where applicable, numbers refer to the number of teams from each country; italic number in header means demonstration tournament was held)

Nation 04 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Games
Argentina Y Y Y Y 4
Australia Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 15
Austria Y Y Y 3
Belgium Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 10
Brazil Y Y Y Y Y Y 6
Bulgaria Y Y 2
Canada Y Y Y Y 4
Chile Y 1
China Y Y Y 3
Croatia Y Y Y Y Y 5
Cuba Y Y Y Y Y 5
Czechoslovakia Y Y Y Y Y 5
East Germany Y 1
Egypt Y Y Y Y Y 5
France 4[1] Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 10
Germany Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 16
Great Britain Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 11
Greece Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 14
Hungary Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 21
Iceland Y 1
India Y Y 2
Iran Y 1
Ireland Y Y 2
Italy Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 18
Japan Y Y Y Y Y Y 6
Kazakhstan Y Y Y 3
Luxembourg Y 1
Malta Y Y 2
Mexico Y Y Y Y 4
Montenegro Y Y 2
Netherlands Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 16
Portugal Y 1
Romania Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 8
Russia Y Y Y 3
Serbia Y Y 2
Serbia and Montenegro Y Y Y 3
Singapore Y 1
Slovakia Y 1
South Africa Y Y 2
South Korea Y 1
Soviet Union Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 9
Spain Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 16
Sweden Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 8
Switzerland Y Y Y Y Y 5
Ukraine Y 1
Unified Team Y 1
United States Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 19
Uruguay Y Y 2
Yugoslavia Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 12
Nations 4 4 6 12 13 14 5 16 18 21 10 16 3 16 16 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12

Women[edit]

Nation 00 04 08 12 Games
Australia Y Y Y Y 4
Canada Y Y 2
China Y Y 2
Great Britain Y 1
Greece Y Y 2
Hungary Y Y Y 3
Italy Y Y Y 3
Kazakhstan Y Y 2
Netherlands Y Y 2
Russia Y Y Y Y 4
Spain Y 1
United States Y Y Y Y 4
Nations 6 8 8 8

Results[edit]

Men[edit]

Year Host Gold medal match Bronze medal match Number of teams
Champions Score Runners-up 3rd place Score 4th place
1900
Details
France
Paris

Great Britain

(Osborne Swimming Club)
7–2
Belgium
(Brussels Swimming and Water Polo Club)

France
(Libellule de Paris)

France
(Pupilles de Neptune de Lille #2)
[2] 8
1904
Details
United States
St. Louis
Water polo tournament was only demonstration sport Water polo tournament was only demonstration sport
1908
Details
United Kingdom
London

Great Britain
9–2
Belgium

Sweden
[3]
Netherlands
4
1912
Details
Sweden
Stockholm

Great Britain
8–0
Sweden

Belgium
5–4
Austria
6
1920
Details
Belgium
Antwerp

Great Britain
3–2
Belgium

Sweden
5–0
United States
12
1924
Details
France
Paris

France
3–0
Belgium

United States
3–2
Sweden
13
1928
Details
Netherlands
Amsterdam

Germany
5–2
Hungary

France
8–1
Great Britain
14
1932
Details
United States
Los Angeles

Hungary
Round-robin
Germany

United States
Round-robin
Japan
5
1936
Details
Germany
Berlin

Hungary
Round-robin
Germany

Belgium
Round-robin
France
16
1948
Details
United Kingdom
London

Italy
Round-robin
Hungary

Netherlands
Round-robin
Belgium
18
1952
Details
Finland
Helsinki

Hungary
Round-robin
Yugoslavia

Italy
Round-robin
United States
21
1956
Details
Australia
Melbourne

Hungary
Round-robin
Yugoslavia

Soviet Union
Round-robin
Italy
10
1960
Details
Italy
Rome

Italy
Round-robin
Soviet Union

Hungary
Round-robin
Yugoslavia
16
1964
Details
Japan
Tokyo

Hungary
Round-robin
Yugoslavia

Soviet Union
Round-robin
Italy
13
1968
Details
Mexico
Mexico City

Yugoslavia
13–11 (aet)
Soviet Union

Hungary
9–4
Italy
15
1972
Details
West Germany
Munich

Soviet Union
Round-robin
Hungary

United States
Round-robin
West Germany
16
1976
Details
Canada
Canada

Hungary
Round-robin
Italy

Netherlands
Round-robin
Romania
12
1980
Details
Soviet Union
Moscow

Soviet Union
Round-robin
Yugoslavia

Hungary
Round-robin
Spain
12
1984
Details
United States
Los Angeles

Yugoslavia
Round-robin
United States

West Germany
Round-robin
Spain
12
1988
Details
South Korea
Seoul

Yugoslavia
9–7
United States

Soviet Union
14–13
West Germany
12
1992
Details
Spain
Barcelona

Italy
9–8 (aet)
Spain

Unified Team
8–4
United States
12
1996
Details
United States
Atlanta

Spain
7–5
Croatia

Italy
20–18 (aet)
Hungary
12
2000
Details
Australia
Sydney

Hungary
13–6
Russia

Yugoslavia
8–3
Spain
12
2004
Details
Greece
Athens

Hungary
8–7
Serbia and Montenegro

Russia
6–5
Greece
12
2008
Details
China
Beijing

Hungary
14–10
United States

Serbia
6–4
Montenegro
12
2012
Details
United Kingdom
London

Croatia
8–6
Italy

Serbia
12–11
Montenegro
12
2016
Details
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro
12[4]
2020
Details
Japan
Tokyo

Women[edit]

Year Host Gold medal match Bronze medal match Number of teams
Champions Score Runners-up 3rd place Score 4th place
2000
Details
Australia
Sydney

Australia
4–3
United States

Russia
4–3
Netherlands
6
2004
Details
Greece
Athens

Italy
10–9 (aet)
Greece

United States
6–5
Australia
8
2008
Details
China
Beijing

Netherlands
9–8
United States

Australia
9–9 (aet)
(3–2) (ps)

Hungary
8
2012
Details
United Kingdom
London

United States
8–5
Spain

Australia
13–11 (aet)
Hungary
8
2016
Details
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro
8[4]
2020
Details
Japan
Tokyo

Medal table[edit]

Men[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Hungary (HUN) 9 3 3 15
2  Great Britain (GBR) 4 0 0 4
3  Yugoslavia (YUG) 3 4 1 8
4  Italy (ITA) 3 2 2 7
5  Soviet Union (URS) 2 2 3 7
6  Germany (GER) 1 2 0 3
7  Croatia (CRO) 1 1 0 2
7  Spain (ESP) 1 1 0 2
9  France (FRA) 1 0 3 4
10  Belgium (BEL) 0 4 2 6
11  United States (USA) 0 3 3 6
12  Sweden (SWE) 0 1 2 3
13  Russia (RUS) 0 1 1 2
14  Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) 0 1 0 1
15  Netherlands (NED) 0 0 2 2
15  Serbia (SRB) 0 0 2 2
17  Unified Team (EUN) 0 0 1 1
17  West Germany (FRG) 0 0 1 1
Total 25 25 26 76

Women[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 1 2 1 4
2  Australia (AUS) 1 0 2 3
3  Italy (ITA) 1 0 0 1
3  Netherlands (NED) 1 0 0 1
5  Greece (GRE) 0 1 0 1
5  Spain (ESP) 0 1 0 1
7  Russia (RUS) 0 0 1 1
Total 4 4 4 12

Total[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Hungary (HUN) 9 3 3 15
2  Italy (ITA) 4 2 2 8
3  Great Britain (GBR) 4 0 0 4
4  Yugoslavia (YUG) 3 4 1 8
5  Soviet Union (URS) 2 2 3 7
6  United States (USA) 1 5 4 10
7  Germany (GER) 1 2 0 3
7  Spain (ESP) 1 2 0 3
9  Croatia (CRO) 1 1 0 2
10  France (FRA) 1 0 3 4
11  Australia (AUS) 1 0 2 3
11  Netherlands (NED) 1 0 2 3
13  Belgium (BEL) 0 4 2 6
14  Russia (RUS) 0 1 2 3
14  Sweden (SWE) 0 1 2 3
16  Greece (GRE) 0 1 0 1
16  Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) 0 1 0 1
18  Serbia (SRB) 0 0 2 2
19  Unified Team (EUN) 0 0 1 1
19  Hungary (HUN) 0 0 1 1
Total 29 29 30 88

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ France had four teams compete in 1900. Bronze medals were given to the losers of both semifinals; France took both bronze.
  2. ^ There was no bronze medal match for the 1900 Games in Paris.
  3. ^ There was no bronze medal match for the 1908 Games in London. Belgium beat Netherlands in the only one first round match and beats Sweden in the only one semifinal.
  4. ^ a b Qualification System, fina.org