Ukrainian Naval Aviation
|Ukrainian Naval Aviation
|Founded||April 5, 1992|
|Role||Fleet reconnaissance, patrolling coasts for enemy ships and submarines|
|Garrison/HQ||Ochakiv Mykolaiv Oblast Ukraine|
|Ukrainian Navy Ensign|
|Transport||An-12, An-24, An-26, Mi-8, Mi-14PL|
During the breakup of the Soviet Union, significant portions of the Soviet Naval Aviation were based in Ukraine, which were intended to support the Black Sea Fleet. These forces included the 2nd Guards Maritime Missile Aviation Division (Gvardeyskoye, Crimean Oblast), with three regiments of maritime attack Tu-22M2s (5th, 124th at Gvardeskoye, Crimean Oblast and the 943rd at Oktyabrskoye?), and the 30th independent Maritime Reconnaissance Aviation Regiment (Saki-Novofedorovka, Crimean Oblast) of Tu-22Ps.
In the second half of 1997, when Ukraine and Russia finally agreed on how to split the Black Fleet, Ukraine received 12 planes and 30 helicopters, including Su-33s[clarification needed] and some Su-25UTG 
Ukraine inherited large naval aviation units from the Soviet Union. These included powerful weapons such as the Tupolev Tu-142 and Tupolev Tu-22M, however these were scrapped under the Budapest Memorandum. Fighter such as the Mig-29 were either decommissioned due to budgetary reasons or transferred to the air force. The remaining inventory included transport, attack, and anti-submarine warfare helicopters, as well as numerous transport aircraft. Ukraine's naval units, along with some aviation units participated in several deployments such as Operation Atlanta and Operation Ocean Shield.
2014 Crimean crisis
During the Russian occupation of Crimea, Ukrainian naval aviation managed to get a number of its aircraft and helicopters airborne from its Novofedorivka airbase to fly to bases in mainland Ukraine on 5 March. This included one Kamov Ka-27PL and three Mil Mi-14PL maritime helicopters, and one Beriev Be-12 amphibian and two Antonov An-26 transports. More than a dozen aircraft and helicopters, which were undergoing maintenance, had to be left behind. The long-term sustainability of the Ukrainian Navy's surviving helicopters is uncertain after the pro-Russian administration in Crimea nationalised all state owned enterprises, including the Sevastopol Aviation Enterprise, which had provided long-term maintenance and overhaul of the service's helicopters.
All the naval aircraft in service are controlled by the 10th Saky Naval Air Brigade, which includes both fixed and rotary wing squadrons.
|Antonov An-2 Colt||Soviet Union||Transport||An-2||1||current status unknown.|
|Antonov An-24 Coke||Soviet Union||Transport||An-24||1||current status unknown.|
|Antonov An-26 Curl||Soviet Union||Transport||An-26||2||both escaped to mainland Ukraine on March 5, 2014.|
|Beriev Be-12 Mail||Soviet Union||Amphibious anti-submarine / patrol aircraft.||Be-12||4||one escaped to mainland Ukraine on March 5, 2014.|
|Kamov Ka-27 Helix||Soviet Union||anti-submarine/SAR Helicopter||Ka-27PL/PS||16||one escaped to mainland Ukraine on March 5, 2014, another was still embarked on the Hetman Sahaidachnyi frigate.|
|Kamov Ka-29||Soviet Union||Assault transport helicopter||Ka-29||16||current status unknown.|
|Mil Mi-8 Hip||Soviet Union||Transport Helicopter||Mi-8||8||current status unknown.|
|Mil Mi-14 Haze||Soviet Union||Amphibious anti-submarine Helicopter||Mi-14PL||14||three escaped to mainland Ukraine on March 5, 2014|
- «Aviation and Time". 1996, № 5, page 35, and Michael Holm, Red Banner Black Sea Fleet, accessed December 2012.
- Новини Управління Прес-служби МО
- "Frigate "Hetman Sahaydachniy" joins EU’s operation “Atlanta”". Eu.for. 3 Jan 2014.
- Ripley, Tim. "Ukrainian navy decimated by Russian move into Crimea". IHS Jane's Defence Weekly. IHS Jane's. Retrieved 26 March 2014.