Ukrainian Naval Aviation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ukrainian Naval Aviation
Морська Авіація
MAB VMSU.png
Founded April 5, 1992
Country Ukraine
Branch Navy
Type Aviation
Role Fleet reconnaissance, patrolling coasts for enemy ships and submarines
Size 2,500
Garrison/HQ Ochakiv Mykolaiv Oblast Ukraine
Commanders
Colonel Oleh Zahurskyi
Insignia
Ukrainian Navy Ensign Naval Ensign of Ukraine.svg
Roundel Roundel of the Ukrainian Naval Aviation.svg
Fin flash Lesser Coat of Arms of Ukraine.svg
Aircraft flown
Bomber Be-12
Patrol Ka-27
Trainer An-2
Transport An-12, An-24, An-26, Mi-8, Mi-14PL

The Ukrainian Naval Aviation (Ukrainian: Морська Авіація, Morska Aviatsiya) is a component of the Ukrainian Navy.

During the breakup of the Soviet Union, significant portions of the Soviet Naval Aviation were based in Ukraine, which were intended to support the Black Sea Fleet. These forces included the 2nd Guards Maritime Missile Aviation Division (Gvardeyskoye, Crimean Oblast), with three regiments of maritime attack Tu-22M2s (5th, 124th at Gvardeskoye, Crimean Oblast and the 943rd at Oktyabrskoye?), and the 30th independent Maritime Reconnaissance Aviation Regiment (Saki-Novofedorovka, Crimean Oblast) of Tu-22Ps.[1]

In the second half of 1997, when Ukraine and Russia finally agreed on how to split the Black Fleet, Ukraine received 12 planes and 30 helicopters, including Su-33s[clarification needed] and some Su-25UTG [2]

2014 Crimean crisis[edit]

During the Russian occupation of Crimea, Ukrainian naval aviation managed to get a number of its aircraft and helicopters airborne from its Novofedorivka airbase to fly to bases in mainland Ukraine on 5 March. This included one Kamov Ka-27PL and three Mil Mi-14PL maritime helicopters, and one Beriev Be-12 amphibian and two Antonov An-26 transports. More than a dozen aircraft and helicopters, which were undergoing maintenance, had to be left behind. The long-term sustainability of the Ukrainian Navy's surviving helicopters is uncertain after the pro-Russian administration in Crimea nationalised all state owned enterprises, including the Sevastopol Aviation Enterprise, which had provided long-term maintenance and overhaul of the service's helicopters.[3]

Organization[edit]

All the naval aircraft in service are controlled by the 10th Saky Naval Air Brigade, which includes both fixed and rotary wing squadrons.

One of the Kamov Ka-27 helicopters is stationed on the Hetman Sahaidachnyi (a Krivak III-class frigate). The frigate can however carry a maximum of two helicopters.

Aircraft inventory[edit]

A Ukrainian Naval Aviation Ka-27 preparing for take off from the USS Taylor
Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service Notes
Antonov An-2 Colt  Soviet Union Transport An-2 1 current status unknown.
Antonov An-24 Coke  Soviet Union Transport An-24 1 current status unknown.
Antonov An-26 Curl  Soviet Union Transport An-26 2 both escaped to mainland Ukraine on March 5, 2014.[3]
Beriev Be-12 Mail  Soviet Union Amphibious anti-submarine / patrol aircraft. Be-12 4 one escaped to mainland Ukraine on March 5, 2014.[3]
Kamov Ka-27 Helix  Soviet Union anti-submarine/SAR Helicopter Ka-27PL/PS 16 one escaped to mainland Ukraine on March 5, 2014,[3] another was still embarked on the Hetman Sahaidachnyi frigate.
Kamov Ka-29  Soviet Union Assault transport helicopter Ka-29 16 current status unknown.
Mil Mi-8 Hip  Soviet Union Transport Helicopter Mi-8 8 current status unknown.
Mil Mi-14 Haze  Soviet Union Amphibious anti-submarine Helicopter Mi-14PL 14 three escaped to mainland Ukraine on March 5, 2014[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ «Aviation and Time". 1996, № 5, page 35, and Michael Holm, Red Banner Black Sea Fleet, accessed December 2012.
  2. ^ Новини Управління Прес-служби МО
  3. ^ a b c d e Ripley, Tim. "Ukrainian navy decimated by Russian move into Crimea". IHS Jane's Defence Weekly. IHS Jane's. Retrieved 26 March 2014.