|Nickname(s): Миколаївщина (Mykolayivschyna)|
|• Governor||Mykola Kruhlov (Party of Regions)|
|• Oblast council||? seats|
|• Chairperson||Tetiana Vasylivna Demchenko (Party of Regions)|
|• Total||24,598 km2 (9,497 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 14th|
|Population (September 1, 2013)|
|• Rank||Ranked 18th|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|ISO 3166 code||UA-48|
|Cities of oblast subordinance||5|
Mykolaiv Oblast (Ukrainian: Миколаївська область, translit. Mykolayivs’ka oblast’; also referred to as Mykolayivschyna - Ukrainian: Миколаївщина) is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Mykolayiv.
The Mykolaiv Oblast is located in the southern half of Ukraine. Its area (24,600 km²), comprises about 4.07% of the total area of Ukraine.
Points of interest
The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.
The current estimated population is 1.2 million people (as of 2005). The greater part of the oblast's population resides in urban type settlements (66%), with the remainder residing in agricultural areas. Also, almost 60% of the urban population resides in Mykolayiv, the industrial, cultural and administrative center of Mykolayiv Oblast.
The oblast's population density is one of the lowest in Ukraine – 52 people per 1 km². The oblast' is ranked 18 by the percentage of the population of Ukraine, that the Mykolaiv Oblast contain, which os 2.6%.
- 0-14 years: 14.7% (male 88,668/female 83,434)
- 15-64 years: 70.7% (male 396,342/female 432,808)
- 65 years and over: 14.6% (male 56,527/female 114,987) (2013 official)
- total: 39.7 years
- male: 36.3 years
- female: 42.9 years (2013 official)
The Mykolaiv Oblast formed in September 1937. It is subdivided into: 19 raions (administrative districts), and 5 of its cities are designated as separate raions within the oblast.
The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of the Mykolaiv Oblast:
- Administrative Center - 1 (Mykolaiv)
- Raions — 19;
- City raions — 4;
- Settlements — 922, including:
- Selsovets — 287.
The local administration of the oblast' is controlled by the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast' is the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.
Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Mykolaiv is the center of the Mykolayivs’ka oblast’ (Mykolaiv Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-schyna" or "-shchyna", as is the case with the Mykolaiv Oblast, Mykolayivschyna.
- State Administration of Mykolaiv Oblast - official site (Ukrainian)/(Russian)/(English)
- Information Card of the Region - official site of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine