Mykolaiv Oblast

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Mykolaiv Oblast
Миколаївська область
Mykolayivs’ka oblast’
Oblast
Flag of Mykolaiv Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Mykolaiv Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Миколаївщина (Mykolayivschyna)
Mykolaiv in Ukraine.svg
Coordinates: 47°26′N 31°48′E / 47.43°N 31.8°E / 47.43; 31.8Coordinates: 47°26′N 31°48′E / 47.43°N 31.8°E / 47.43; 31.8
Country  Ukraine
Administrative center Mykolaiv
Government
 • Governor Mykola Romanchuk[1] (Batkivshchyna[2])
 • Oblast council ? seats
 • Chairperson Tetiana Vasylivna Demchenko (Party of Regions)
Area
 • Total 24,598 km2 (9,497 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 14th
Population (September 1, 2013[3])
 • Total Decrease 1,170,924
 • Rank Ranked 18th
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 54000-56999
Area code +380-51
ISO 3166 code UA-48
Raions 19
Cities (total)
— Regional cities
9
5
Urban-type settlements 20
Villages 900
FIPS 10-4 UP16
Website www.mykolayiv-oda.gov.ua
www.kmu.gov.ua

Mykolaiv Oblast (Ukrainian: Миколаївська область, translit. Mykolayivs’ka oblast’; also referred to as Mykolayivschyna - Ukrainian: Миколаївщина) is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Mykolayiv.

Geography[edit]

The Mykolaiv Oblast is located in the southern half of Ukraine. Its area (24,600 km²), comprises about 4.07% of the total area of Ukraine.

The Mykolaiv Oblast borders upon the Odessa Oblast in the west-southwest, the Kirovohrad Oblast in the north, the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast in the northeast, and the Kherson Oblast on the southeast.

On the south the obalst' is also bordered by the Black Sea. On the shoreline, there are several ports and the Mykolaiv International Airport.

Points of interest[edit]

The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

Demographics[edit]

The current estimated population is 1.2 million people (as of 2005). The greater part of the oblast's population resides in urban type settlements (66%), with the remainder residing in agricultural areas. Also, almost 60% of the urban population resides in Mykolayiv, the industrial, cultural and administrative center of Mykolayiv Oblast.

The oblast's population density is one of the lowest in Ukraine – 52 people per 1 km². The oblast' is ranked 18 by the percentage of the population of Ukraine, that the Mykolaiv Oblast contain, which os 2.6%.

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 14.7% Increase (male 88,668/female 83,434)
15-64 years: 70.7% Decrease (male 396,342/female 432,808)
65 years and over: 14.6% Steady (male 56,527/female 114,987) (2013 official)

Median age[edit]

total: 39.7 years Increase
male: 36.3 years Increase
female: 42.9 years Increase (2013 official)

Administrative divisions[edit]

The Mykolaiv Oblast formed in September 1937. It is subdivided into: 19 raions (administrative districts), and 5 of its cities are designated as separate raions within the oblast.

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of the Mykolaiv Oblast:

  • Administrative Center - 1 (Mykolaiv)
  • Raions — 19;
  • City raions — 4;
  • Settlements — 922, including:
    • Villages — 896;
    • Cities/Towns — 26, including:
      • Urban-type settlement — 17;
      • Cities — 9, including:
        • Cities of oblast' subordinance — 5;
        • Cities of raion subordinance — 4;
  • Selsovets — 287.

The local administration of the oblast' is controlled by the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast' is the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Nomenclature[edit]

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Mykolaiv is the center of the Mykolayivs’ka oblast’ (Mykolaiv Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-schyna" or "-shchyna", as is the case with the Mykolaiv Oblast, Mykolayivschyna.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]