Wolfgang Reitherman

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Wolfgang Reitherman
WolfgangR.jpg
Born (1909-06-26)June 26, 1909
Munich, German Empire
Died May 22, 1985(1985-05-22) (aged 75)
Burbank, California
Other names Woolie Reitherman, Wooly Reitherman
Occupation Director/animator
Years active 1934–1981
Children Bruce, Richard and Robert Reitherman

Wolfgang Reitherman (June 26, 1909 – May 22, 1985), also known and sometimes credited as Woolie Reitherman, was a Disney animator and one of Disney's Nine Old Men.

Career[edit]

Reitherman began working for Disney in 1934, along with future Disney legends Ward Kimball and Milt Kahl. The three worked together on a number of classic Disney shorts, including The Band Concert, Music Land, and Elmer Elephant and in all, Reitherman worked on various Disney feature films produced from 1937 to 1981, including Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (Slave in the Magic Mirror) to The Fox and the Hound (co-producer). He did the climatic dinosaur fight in Igor Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring in Fantasia, the Headless Horseman chase in "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" section in The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad, the Crocodile in Peter Pan, and Maleficent as a dragon in Sleeping Beauty (the former three he animated and the latter he directed). Beginning with 1961's One Hundred and One Dalmatians, "Woolie", as he was called by friends, served as Disney's chief animation director. One of Reitherman's productions, the 1968 short Winnie the Pooh and the Blustery Day, won the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film. He also served as a producer and sequence director, and starred as himself in the 1941 feature film The Reluctant Dragon. All three of Reitherman's sons — Bruce, Richard and Robert — provided voices for Disney characters, including Mowgli in The Jungle Book, Christopher Robin in Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree, and Wart in The Sword in the Stone.

Reitherman directed several Disney animated feature films including, One Hundred and One Dalmatians (1961), The Sword in the Stone (1963), The Jungle Book (1967), The Aristocats (1970), Robin Hood (1973) and The Rescuers (1977). He is also known for reusing animation in movies directed by him. According to Floyd Norman, this was just one of his trademarks, and had nothing to do with time or cost savings: "Woolie was our director on The Jungle Book. Reuse was just Woolie’s thing. He never did it to save money. I really don’t think the “Old Guard” ever had any interest in saving money. I was never a big fan of reuse, but it wasn’t my place to tell these old guys what to do. One final thought. It never seemed to bother Walt, and I never heard him complain about reuse."

Personal life and death[edit]

Born in Munich, Germany, Reitherman's family moved to America when he was a child. After attending Pasadena Junior College and briefly working as a draftsman for Douglas Aircraft, Reitherman returned to school at the Chouinard Art Institute, graduating in 1933. Reitherman served in World War II for the United States Air Force, earning the Distinguished Flying Cross after serving in Africa, China, India and the South Pacific. Reitherman died in a single-car accident near his Burbank, California home in 1985 and was posthumously named a Disney Legend in 1989.

Filmography[edit]

Year Film Director Producer Animator Notes
1937 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs Yes
1940 Pinocchio Yes
Fantasia Yes
1941 The Reluctant Dragon Yes
Dumbo Yes
1942 Saludos Amigos Yes
1947 Fun and Fancy Free Yes
1949 The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad Yes
1950 Cinderella Yes
1951 Alice in Wonderland Yes
1953 Peter Pan Yes
1955 Lady and the Tramp Yes
1959 Sleeping Beauty Yes
1960 Goliath II [fn 1] Yes Short film
1961 101 Dalmatians Yes
1963 The Sword in the Stone Yes
1967 The Jungle Book Yes
1970 The Aristocats Yes Yes
1973 Robin Hood Yes Yes
1977 The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh Yes Yes
The Rescuers Yes Yes
1981 The Fox and the Hound Yes

Collaborations[edit]

Wolfgang Reitherman had cast certain actors in more than one of his films.

Sleeping
Beauty
Goliath II 101
Dalmatians
The Sword in
the Stone
The Jungle
Book
The Aristocats Robin Hood The Many
Adventures of
Winnie the Pooh
The Rescuers
Pat
Buttram
Yes Yes Yes
Sebastian
Cabot
Yes Yes Yes
Candy
Candido
Yes Yes Yes
Monica
Evans
Yes Yes
Verna
Felton
Yes Yes Yes
Eva
Gabor
Yes Yes
Phil
Harris
Yes Yes Yes
Sterling
Holloway
Yes Yes Yes Yes
Clint
Howard
Yes Yes
Barbara
Jo Allen
Yes Yes Yes
George
Lindsey
Yes Yes Yes
Barbara
Luddy
Yes Yes Yes Yes
Junius
Matthews
Yes Yes
John
Fiedler
Yes Yes Yes
J. Pat
O'Malley
Yes Yes Yes Yes
Bruce
Reitherman
Yes Yes
Carole
Shelley
Yes Yes
Bill
Thompson
Yes Yes
Martha
Wentworth
Yes Yes
Paul
Winchell
Yes Yes
Ben
Wright
Yes Yes
Rickie
Sorensen
Yes Yes

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]