John Lasseter

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John Lasseter
JohnLasseterOct2011.jpg
Lasseter at the Austin Film Festival on October 22, 2011.
Born John Alan Lasseter
(1957-01-12) January 12, 1957 (age 57)
Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, United States
Alma mater Pepperdine University,
California Institute of the Arts
Occupation Animator
film director
Chief Creative Officer; Pixar Animation Studios, Walt Disney Animation Studios, DisneyToon Studios
Principal Creative Advisor, Walt Disney Imagineering
Years active 1978–present
Notable work(s) Luxo Jr.
Toy Story
A Bug's Life
Toy Story 2
Cars
Cars 2
Spouse(s) Nancy Lasseter (1988–present)[1]
Signature John Lasseter signature.svg

John Alan Lasseter (born January 12, 1957) is an American animator, film director, screenwriter, producer and the chief creative officer at Pixar, Walt Disney Animation Studios, and DisneyToon Studios. He is also currently the Principal Creative Advisor for Walt Disney Imagineering.[2]

Lasseter began his career as an animator with The Walt Disney Company. Fired from Disney for promoting computer animation, he joined Lucasfilm, where he worked on the then-groundbreaking use of CGI animation. The Graphics Group of the Computer Division of Lucasfilm was sold to Steve Jobs and became Pixar in 1986. Lasseter oversees all of Pixar's films and associated projects as executive producer. In addition, he directed Toy Story, A Bug's Life, Toy Story 2, Cars, and Cars 2. Since 2007, he also oversees all of Walt Disney Animation Studios' (and its division, DisneyToon Studios') films and associated projects as executive producer.

He has won two Academy Awards, for Animated Short Film (for Tin Toy), as well as a Special Achievement Award (for Toy Story).[3]

Early years[edit]

Lasseter was born in Hollywood, California. His mother, Jewell Mae (née Risley) (1918–2005), was an art teacher at Bell Gardens High School, and his father, Paul Eual Lasseter (1924–2011), was a parts manager at a Chevrolet dealership.[4][5][6] Lasseter is actually a fraternal twin; his sister Johanna Lasseter-Curtis (who became a baker based in the Lake Tahoe area) is six minutes older.[7][8]

Lasseter grew up in Whittier, California. His mother's profession contributed to his growing preoccupation with animation. He often drew cartoons during church services at the Church of Christ his family attended. As a child, Lasseter would race home from school to watch Chuck Jones cartoons on television. While in high school, he read The Art of Animation by Bob Thomas. The book covered the history of Disney animation and explored the making of Disney's 1959 film Sleeping Beauty, which made Lasseter realize he wanted to do animation himself. When he saw Disney's 1963 film The Sword in the Stone, he finally made the decision that he should become an animator.[9]

His education began at Pepperdine University. It was the alma mater of both his parents and his siblings. However, he heard of a new character animation program at the California Institute of the Arts (CalArts) and decided to leave Pepperdine to follow his dream of becoming an animator. His mother further encouraged him to take up a career in animation, and in 1975 he enrolled as the second student in the CalArts character animation program created by Disney animators Jack Hannah and T. Hee. Lasseter was taught by three members of Disney's "Nine Old Men" team of veteran animators – Eric Larson, Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston – and his classmates included future animators and directors like Brad Bird, John Musker, Henry Selick, Tim Burton, and Chris Buck.[10][11][12] During his time there, he produced two animated shorts; Lady and the Lamp (1979) and Nitemare (1980), which both won the student Academy Award for Animation.[13]

While at CalArts, Lasseter first started working for the Walt Disney Company at Disneyland in Anaheim during summer breaks, and got a position as a Jungle Cruise skipper, where he learned the basics of comedy and comic timing to entertain captive audiences on the ride.[7][14]

First years at Disney[edit]

Upon graduating in 1979, Lasseter immediately obtained a job as an animator at Walt Disney Feature Animation on the basis of his early success with Lady and the Lamp.[15] To put that in perspective, the studio had reviewed approximately 10,000 portfolios in the late 1970s in search of talent, then selected only about 150 candidates as apprentices, of which only about 45 were kept on permanently.[15] In the fall of 1979, Disney animator Mel Shaw told the Los Angeles Times, "John's got an instinctive feel for character and movement and shows every indication of blossoming here at our studios ... In time he'll make a fine contribution."[15]

However, Lasseter soon realized something was missing; after 101 Dalmatians, which in his opinion was the film where Disney had reached its highest plateau, the studio had lost momentum and was criticized for often repeating itself without adding any new ideas or innovations.[16][17] In 1980 or 1981, he coincidentally came across some video tapes from one of the then new computer-graphics conferences, who showed some of the very beginnings of computer animation, primarily floating spheres and such, which he experienced as a revelation.[7] But it wasn't until shortly after, when he was invited by his friends Jerry Rees and Bill Kroyer, while working on Mickey's Christmas Carol, to come and see the first lightcycle sequences for an upcoming film entitled Tron, featuring (then) state-of-the-art computer generated imagery, that he really saw the huge potential of this new technology in animation. Up to that time, the studio had used a multiplane camera to add depth to its animation. Lasseter realized that computers could be used to make films with three-dimensional backgrounds where traditionally animated characters could interact to add a new level of visually stunning depth that had not been possible before. He knew adding dimension to animation had been a longtime dream of animators, going back to Walt Disney himself.[7]

Later, he and Glen Keane talked about how great it would be to make an animated feature where the background was computer animated, and then showed Keane the book The Brave Little Toaster by Thomas Disch, which he thought would be a good candidate for the film. Keane agreed, but first they decided to do a short test film to see how it worked out, and chose Where the Wild Things Are, a decision based on the fact that Disney had considered producing a feature based on the works of Maurice Sendak. Satisfied with the result, Lasseter, Keane and executive Thomas L. Wilhite went on with the project, especially Lasseter who dedicated himself to it, while Keane eventually went on to work with The Great Mouse Detective.[18]

Lasseter and his colleagues unknowingly stepped on some of their direct superiors' toes by circumventing them in their enthusiasm to get the project into motion. During a pitch meeting for the film to two of them, animation administrator Ed Hansen, and head of Disney studios, Ron W. Miller, the project was cancelled, due to lack of perceived cost benefits for the mix of traditional and computer animation.[19] A few minutes after the meeting, Lasseter was summoned by Hansen to his office. As Lasseter recalled, Hansen told him, "Well, John, your project is now complete, so your employment with the Disney Studios is now terminated."[20]:40 Wilhite was able to arrange to keep Lasseter around temporarily until the Wild Things test project was complete in January 1984, but with the understanding there would be no further work for Lasseter at Disney Animation.[20]:40 The Brave Little Toaster would later become a 2D animated feature film directed by one of Lasseter's friends, Jerry Rees, and co-produced by Wilhite (whom by then had left to start Hyperion Pictures), and some of the staff of Pixar would be involved in the film alongside Lasseter.

Lucasfilm/Pixar[edit]

John Lasseter with George Lucas in 2009.

While putting together a crew for the planned feature, Lasseter had made some contacts in the computer industry, among them Alvy Ray Smith and Ed Catmull at Lucasfilm Computer Graphics Group. After being fired, and feeling glum knowing his employment with Disney was to end shortly,[20]:40 Lasseter visited a computer graphics conference in November 1983 at the Queen Mary in Long Beach, where he met and talked to Catmull again.[21]:45 Catmull inquired about The Brave Little Toaster, which Lasseter explained had been shelved.[7][20]:40 From his experience at Lucasfilm, Catmull assumed Lasseter was simply between projects, since Hollywood studios have traditionally laid off people whenever they don't have enough movies in progress to keep them busy.[21]:45 Still devastated at being forced out of the only company he had ever wanted to work for, Lasseter couldn't find the strength to tell Catmull that he had been fired.[7][21]:45

Catmull later telephoned Smith that day and mentioned Lasseter was not working at Disney. Smith told Catmull to put down the phone and hire Lasseter right now.[21]:45 Before the day was over, Lasseter had made a deal to work freelance with Catmull and his colleagues on a project that resulted in their first computer animated short: The Adventures of André and Wally B. Because Catmull was not allowed to hire animators, he was given the title "Interface Designer";[22] "Nobody knew what that was but they didn't question it in budget meetings".[11] Lasseter spent a lot of time at Lucasfilm in the San Francisco Bay Area in the spring of 1984, where he worked together closely with Catmull and his team of computer science researchers.[20]:40–41 Lasseter learned how to use some of their software, and in turn, he taught the computer scientists about filmmaking, animation, and art.[20]:40–41 The short turned out to be more revolutionary than Lasseter first had visualized before he came to Lucasfilm. His original idea had been to create only the backgrounds on computers, but in the final short everything was computer animated, including the characters.

After the short CGI film was presented at SIGGRAPH in the summer of 1984, Lasseter returned to Los Angeles with the hope of directing The Brave Little Toaster at Hyperion Pictures.[20]:45 He soon learned that funding had fallen through and called Catmull with the bad news.[20]:45 Catmull called back with a job offer, and Lasseter joined Lucasfilm as a full-time employee in October 1984 and moved to the Bay Area.[20]:45 Lasseter and Catmull's collaboration, which has since lasted over thirty years, would ultimately result in Toy Story, the first-ever computer-animated feature film.

Due to George Lucas's financially crippling divorce, he was forced to sell off Lucasfilm Computer Graphics, by this time renamed the Pixar Graphics Group. It was acquired by Steve Jobs in 1986. Over the next 10 years, Pixar evolved from a computer company that did animation work on the side into an animation studio. Lasseter oversees all of Pixar's films and associated projects as executive producer. He also personally directed Toy Story, A Bug's Life, Toy Story 2, Cars, and Cars 2.

He has won two Academy Awards, for Animated Short Film (Tin Toy), as well as a Special Achievement Award (Toy Story).[3] Lasseter has been nominated on four other occasions – in the category of Animated Feature, for both Monsters, Inc. (2001) and Cars (2006), in the Original Screenplay category for Toy Story (1995) and in the Animated Short category for Luxo, Jr. (1986), while the short Knick Knack (1989) was selected by Terry Gilliam as one of the ten best animated films of all time.[23] In 2008, he was honored with the Winsor McCay Award, the lifetime achievement award for animators.

Lasseter received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in Hollywood on November 1, 2011. It is located at 6834 Hollywood Boulevard.[24]

Lasseter was also the recipient of the Austin Film Festival's 2011 Extraordinary Contribution to Filmmaking Award.

Lasseter is a member of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and served nine consecutive years on its board of governors from 2005 to 2014 when he had to relinquish his seat due to term limits.[25] His last position on the board was as first vice president.[25]

Back at Disney[edit]

Disney announced that it would be purchasing Pixar on January 24, 2006, and Lasseter was named chief creative officer of both Pixar and Walt Disney Feature Animation, the latter of which he renamed Walt Disney Animation Studios.[11] On January 25, 2006, Lasseter was welcomed by his new employees in Burbank with warm applause, as they hoped that he could save the studio from which he had been fired 22 years earlier.[21]:253–254 Lasseter was also named principal creative adviser at Walt Disney Imagineering, where he helps design attractions for Disney Parks. Since 2007, he oversees all of Walt Disney Animation Studios' films and associated projects as executive producer. He reports directly to Disney President and CEO Robert Iger, bypassing Disney's studio and theme park executives. He also received green-light power on films with Roy E. Disney's consent.

In December 2006, Lasseter announced that Disney will start producing animated shorts that will be released theatrically once more. Lasseter said he sees this medium as an excellent way to train and discover new talent in the company as well as a testing ground for new techniques and ideas. The shorts will be in 2D, CGI or a combination of both.[26] Recent shorts have included Paperman (2012) and Get a Horse! (2013).

In June 2007, Catmull and Lasseter were given control of DisneyToon Studios, a division of Walt Disney Animation Studios housed in a separate facility in Glendale. Since then, as president and chief creative officer, respectively, they have supervised three separate studios for Disney, each with its own production pipeline: Pixar, Disney Animation, and DisneyToon. While Disney Animation and DisneyToon are located in the Los Angeles area, Pixar is located over 350 miles (563 kilometers) northwest in the Bay Area, where Catmull and Lasseter both live. Since they could not be physically present at all three studios at once, they appointed a general manager for each studio to manage day-to-day business affairs, then established a routine of spending at least two days per week in Southern California.

Lasseter is a close friend and admirer of Japanese animator Hayao Miyazaki, and has been executive producer on several of Miyazaki's films for their release in the United States, also overseeing the dubbing of the films for their English language soundtrack. The gentle forest spirit Totoro from Miyazaki's My Neighbor Totoro makes an appearance as a plush toy in Toy Story 3.

Other work[edit]

Lasseter drew the most widely known versions of the BSD Daemon, a cartoon mascot for the BSD Unix operating system.[27]

He owns the "Marie E." steam locomotive, which is an H.K. Porter engine. The "Marie E." was once owned by Ollie Johnston, who was one of Walt Disney's "Nine Old Men". In May 2007 and again in June 2010, the locomotive visited, and was run by Lasseter at the Pacific Coast Railroad in Santa Margarita, CA alongside the original Santa Fe & Disneyland Railroad "Retlaw 1" coaches.[28]

Personal life[edit]

John Lasseter with his wife Nancy Lasseter at the 2006 Annie Awards red carpet at the Alex Theatre in Glendale, California.

Lasseter lives in Glen Ellen, California with his wife Nancy, a graduate of Carnegie Mellon University, whom he met at a computer graphics conference. Nancy majored in computer graphics applications, and worked for a while as a household engineer and a computer graphics engineer at Apple Computer.[29] They married in 1988,[1] and have five sons,[29][30] born between 1979/1980 and 1997.[31]

The Lasseters own Lasseter Family Winery in Glen Ellen, California.[32]

On May 2, 2009, Lasseter received an honorary doctorate from Pepperdine University.[33] He delivered a commencement address in which he encouraged the graduating class of more than 500 students never to let anyone tarnish their dreams.

His influences include Walt Disney, Chuck Jones, Frank Capra and Preston Sturges.[34]

Filmography[edit]

Feature films[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1981 The Fox and the Hound inbetweener (uncredited)
1985 Young Sherlock Holmes computer animation: ILM
1987 The Brave Little Toaster story artist
1991 Beauty and the Beast executive producer: 3D version
1992 Porco Rosso executive creative consultant: US version
1995 Toy Story Green alien (on helium) director/story/modeling & animation system development
1998 A Bug's Life Harry the fly director/story
1999 Toy Story 2 Blue Rock 'Em Sock 'Em Robot director/story
2000 Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins characters
2001 Monsters, Inc. executive producer
2002 Spirited Away executive producer: US version
2003 Finding Nemo executive producer
2004 The Incredibles executive producer
2005 Howl's Moving Castle executive producer: US version
2006 Cars director/story/screenplay
Tales from Earthsea executive producer: US[35]
2007 Meet the Robinsons executive producer
Ratatouille executive producer
2008 WALL-E executive producer
Tinker Bell executive producer
Bolt executive producer
2009 Up executive producer/senior creative team: Pixar
Ponyo executive producer: US, Director: English Dub
Tinker Bell and the Lost Treasure executive producer
The Princess and the Frog executive producer
2010 Toy Story 3 story/executive producer/senior creative team: Pixar
Tinker Bell and the Great Fairy Rescue executive producer
Tangled executive producer
2011 Cars 2 John Lassetire director/story/characters
Winnie the Pooh executive producer
The Muppets creative consultant[36]
2012 Secret of the Wings executive producer
Brave executive producer
Wreck-It Ralph executive producer
2013 Planes story/executive producer
Monsters University executive producer
Frozen executive producer
2014 The Pirate Fairy story/executive producer
Planes: Fire & Rescue executive producer
Big Hero 6 executive producer
2015 Legend of the NeverBeast executive producer
Inside Out executive producer
The Good Dinosaur executive producer
2016 Zootopia executive producer
Finding Dory executive producer

Short films[edit]

Year Title Notes
1983 Mickey's Christmas Carol creative talent
1984 The Adventures of André and Wally B. character design and animation, models: André/Wally B.
1986 Luxo Jr. writer, director, producer, models, animation
1987 Red's Dream writer, director, animator
1988 Tin Toy story, director, animator, modeler
1989 Knick Knack writer, director
1997 Geri's Game executive producer
2000 For the Birds executive producer
2002 Mike's New Car executive producer
2003 Exploring the Reef executive producer
Boundin' executive producer
2005 Jack-Jack Attack executive producer
One Man Band executive producer
2006 Mater and the Ghostlight original story, director
Lifted executive producer
2007 How to Hook Up Your Home Theater executive producer
Your Friend the Rat executive producer
2008 Presto executive producer
Glago's Guest executive producer
BURN-E executive producer
2008–present Cars Toons director, executive producer
2009 Super Rhino executive producer
Partly Cloudy executive producer
Dug's Special Mission executive producer
Prep & Landing executive producer
2010 Day & Night executive producer
Prep & Landing: Operation: Secret Santa executive producer
2011 Prep & Landing: Naughty vs. Nice[37] executive producer
La Luna executive producer
The Ballad of Nessie executive producer
Hawaiian Vacation executive producer
Pixie Hollow Games executive producer
Small Fry story/executive producer
2012 Tangled Ever After executive producer
Partysaurus Rex story/executive producer
Paperman executive producer
The Legend of Mor'du executive producer
2013 The Blue Umbrella executive producer
Party Central executive producer
Toy Story of Terror! executive producer
Pixie Hollow Bake Off executive producer
Get a Horse! executive producer
2014 Feast[38] executive producer
2015 Frozen Fever[39] executive producer
Lava[40] executive producer

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b O'Connor, Stuart (February 12, 2009). "How to tell a great toy story". The Guardian. Retrieved May 11, 2013. "I was doing a lot of amateur 3D photography – in 1988, when I got married to my wife Nancy, we took 3D wedding pictures." 
  2. ^ Grover, Ronald (March 10, 2006). "The Happiest Place on Earth – Again". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b IMDb. "John Lasseter – Awards". 
  4. ^ Baillie, Russell (June 3, 2006). "John Lasseter king of Toon town". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  5. ^ "John Lasseter Addresses Graduating Class at Seaver College Commencement Ceremony". Pepperdine University. April 2009. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Jewell Risley Lasseter". The Whittier Daily News. November 1, 2005. Retrieved December 15, 2009. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f Schlender, Brent (May 17, 2006). "Pixar's magic man". CNN Money. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  8. ^ Siig, Melissa (11 January 2013). "Bake Me a Cupcake: Cake Tahoe brings the cupcake craze to Truckee". Moonshine Ink. Retrieved 8 May 2014. 
  9. ^ McCracken, Harry (1990). "Luxo Sr. – An Interview with John Lasseter". Animato. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  10. ^ Garrahan, Matthew (January 17, 2009). "Lunch with the FT: John Lasseter". Financial Times. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c Day, Aubrey (June 3, 2009). "Interview: John Lasseter". Total Film. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  12. ^ King, Susan (10 December 2013). "Walt Disney Animation Studios turns 90 in colorful fashion". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  13. ^ "Pixar Filmmaker John Lasseter To Receive "Contribution To Cinematic Imagery Award" From Art Directors Guild". Pixar. January 12, 2004. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  14. ^ "John Lasseter does AM Radio, too?". The Blue Parrot's perch. February 2, 2007. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c Getlin, Josh (October 21, 1979). "Fate Of Next 'Snow White' Rests In CalArts' Hands". Los Angeles Times (Times Mirror Company). pp. V1–V4.  (Available through ProQuest Historical Newsstand.)
  16. ^ Lyons, Mike (November 1998). "Toon Story: John Lasseter's Animated Life". Animation World Magazine. Retrieved October 13, 2010. 
  17. ^ Lazarus, David (January 25, 2006). "A deal bound to happen". SFGate.com. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  18. ^ Ghez, Didier (May 2, 1997). "Interview with Glen Keane". The Ultimate Disney Books Network. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  19. ^ Hill, Jim (November 28, 2007). ""To Infinity and Beyond!" is an entertaining look back at Pixar's first two decades". Jim Hill Media. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i Paik, Karen (2007). To Infinity and Beyond!: The Story of Pixar Animation Studios. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. ISBN 9780811850124. 
  21. ^ a b c d e Price, David A. (2009). The Pixar Touch: The Making of a Company. New York: Vintage Books. ISBN 9780307278296. 
  22. ^ M. Buckley, A. Pixar: The Company and Its Founders. Google Books. p. 27. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  23. ^ Gilliam, Terry (April 27, 2001). "Terry Gilliam Picks the Ten Best Animated Films of All Time". The Guardian. 
  24. ^ Sperling, Nicole (November 1, 2011). "John Lasseter receives star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  25. ^ a b Kilday, Gregg (5 August 2014). "Academy: Cheryl Boone Isaacs Reelected as President". The Hollywood Reporter (Prometheus Global Media LLC). Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  26. ^ Solomon, Charles (December 3, 2006). "Disney tries out new talent in an old form, the cartoon short – Business – International Herald Tribune". The New York Times. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  27. ^ "The BSD Daemon". FreeBSD. Retrieved April 20, 2012. 
  28. ^ Pcrailroad at Gmail.Com (May 14, 2007). "Pacific Coast Railroad Co.: The 2007 Round-Up". Pcrailroad.blogspot.com. Retrieved December 31, 2010. 
  29. ^ a b "Trustees of Sonoma Academy 2011–12". Sonoma Academy. Retrieved December 25, 2013. 
  30. ^ "VIDEO: ‘A Day in the Life of John Lasseter’ Read more: VIDEO: ‘A Day in the Life of John Lasseter’". Stitch Kingdom. July 12, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  31. ^ Swartz, Jon (November 23, 1998). "Pixar's Lasseter – This Generation's Walt Disney". SFGate. Retrieved December 25, 2013. "Lasseter says he depends heavily on his and wife Nancy's "own test audience" of five sons – ages 16 months to 18." 
  32. ^ Boone, Virginie (September 26, 2011). "Lasseter winery coming into its own". The Press Democrat. Retrieved October 7, 2011. 
  33. ^ "John Lasseter Addresses Graduating Class at Seaver College Commencement Ceremony". Pepperdine University. April 2009. Retrieved June 9, 2011. 
  34. ^ Goodman, Stephanie (November 1, 2011). "'Pixar’s John Lasseter Answers Your Questions'". Arts Beat. Retrieved February 20, 2014. 
  35. ^ Honeycutt, Kirk (October 14, 2010). "Tales From Earthsea – Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 27, 2013. 
  36. ^ Kit, Borys (October 14, 2010). "Disney Picks Pixar Brains for Muppets Movie". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 24, 2011. 
  37. ^ ""PREP & LANDING: NAUGHTY VS. NICE," PRODUCED BY WALT DISNEY ANIMATION STUDIOS, AIRS MONDAY, DECEMBER 5 ON THE ABC TELEVISION NETWORK". ABC Medianet. Retrieved November 12, 2011. 
  38. ^ "Walt Disney Animation Studios' 'Feast' to Premiere at the Annecy International Animated Film Festival". Disney Post. 24 April 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  39. ^ Graser, Marc (September 2, 2014). "‘Frozen’ Characters to Return in ‘Frozen Fever’ Animated Short". Variety. Retrieved September 2, 2014. 
  40. ^ Koch, Dave (June 20, 2014). "Inside Out Adds Animated Short". Big Cartoon News. Retrieved June 20, 2014. 

External links[edit]