|• Also spelled||Yattah (official)|
Mosque in Yatta
| within Palestine|
|• Head of Municipality||Khalil Younis|
|• Jurisdiction||133,080 dunams (133.0 km2 or 51.4 sq mi)|
Yatta or Yattah (Arabic: يطّا) is a Palestinian city located in the Hebron Governorate on a high approximately 8 km south of the city of Hebron in the West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics it had a population of 48,672 in 2007.
Located on a large, ancient hilltop, Yatta has been identified with the site of the Biblical town of Juttah. A Jewish burial complex dating to the 2nd century CE was found in the town in 1931. Eusebius (4th century) wrote that Yatta was "a very large village of Jews eighteen miles south of Beit Guvrin." Some Palestinian-Arab residents still believe they originate from the Jewish kingdom of Khaybar in the south-western Arabian peninsula and are descended from the Jewish tribes of Arabia. Research by Yitzhak Ben Zvi in 1928 also suggested that three out of the six extended families in Yatta belonged to the "Mehamra" group and possibly descended from an Arabian Jewish tribe.
Yatta, like the rest of Palestine, was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517, and in the census of 1596 the village appeared as being in the Nahiya of Halil of the Liwa of Quds. It had a population of 127 families, all Muslim, and paid taxes on wheat, barley, olives, goats and bee-hives.
In July 1863 Victor Guérin visited Youttha. He described it as a village of 2000 inhabitants, but at least half were living in tents, scattered in the all over, partly to finish the harvest, partly to avoid the military recruiters active in the area. In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Yatta as being a "large village standing high on a ridge. It is built of stone, but some of the inhabitants live in tents. The water supply is from cisterns. On the south there are rock-cut tombs, and rock wine-presses are found all round the village. The neighbourhood is extremely stony; south of the village are scattered olives, which are conspicuous objects; on the west, a little lower under a cliff, is a small olive yard in which the camp of the Survey party was pitched in 1874; to the south-west of camp were a few figs. The inhabitants are very rich in flocks; the village owned, it was said, 17,000 sheep, beside goats, cows, camels, horses, and donkeys. The Sheikh alone had 250 sheep. ... South of the village are several tombs; one has a shallow semicircular arch cut above a small square entrance. West of the village and of el Muturrif is a very fine rock-cut wine-press. A second occurs north of the village."
British Mandate era
In 1945 the population of Yatta was 5,260, all Arabs, and the land area was 174,172 dunams according to an official land and population survey. 3,254 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 67,498 used for cereals, while 216 dunams were built-up (urban) land.
At least seven Palestinians were killed in Yatta during the Second Intifada in different incidents from 2002-04. On March 8, 2012 Israeli soldiers shot dead 20-year-old Zakariya Abu Eram and injured two others during an raid in the town with the intent of arresting Abu Eram's uncle. The Israeli Army said they fired at the men after one of them stabbed a soldier during the arrest attempt.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 415
- Columbia Encyclopedia: Juttah
- 2007 PCBS Census Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.118.
- "Palestine City Populations". MongaBay. Retrieved 2014-02-27.
- Dauphin, 1998, p. 966
- Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 2, p. 190
- Ḥevrah la-haganat ha-ṭevaʻ (1990), Israel - land and nature, Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel, p. 83, retrieved 6 June 2011
- A tragic misunderstanding, The Sunday Times, January 13, 2009.
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 123
- Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 2, p. 628
- Guérin, 1869, pp. 205-6
- Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 310
- Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 380.
- Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Hebron, p. 10
- Mills, 1932, p. 34
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 50
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 94
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 144
- Palestinians killed by Israeli security forces in the Occupied Territories B'Tselem
- Palestinian shot dead in West Bank. Al Jazeera English. 2012-03-08.
- Stillman, 1979, pp. 59 - 60
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yatta.|
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922 (PDF). Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1883). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 3. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Dauphin, Claudine (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations. BAR International Series 726 (in French). III : Catalogue. Oxford: Archeopress.
- Guérin, Victor (1869). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 1: Judee, pt. 3. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). "Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine". Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Robinson, Edward; Smith, Eli (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838 2. Boston: Crocker & Brewster. (p. 193)
- Stillman, Yedida Kalfon (1979). Palestinian costume and jewelry. exhibition catalog of the Museum of International Folk Art (MOIFA) at Santa Fe (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press). ISBN 0-8263-0490-7.
- Welcome To The City of Yatta
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 21: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Yatta Town (Fact Sheet)
- Yatta Town Profile
- Yatta Town Areal Photo
- The priorities and needs for development in Yatta city based on the community and local authorities’ assessment