Yatta, Hebron

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This article is about the city of Yatta. For the pop song, see Yatta (song).
Yatta[1]
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic يطّا
 • Also spelled Yattah (official)
Mosque in Yatta
Mosque in Yatta
Official logo of Yatta[1]
Municipal Seal of Yatta
Yatta[1] is located in the Palestinian territories
Yatta[1]
Yatta[1]
Location of Yatta[1] within Palestine
Coordinates: 31°26′52.00″N 35°05′24.00″E / 31.4477778°N 35.0900000°E / 31.4477778; 35.0900000Coordinates: 31°26′52.00″N 35°05′24.00″E / 31.4477778°N 35.0900000°E / 31.4477778; 35.0900000
Governorate Hebron
Government
 • Type City
 • Head of Municipality Khalil Younis
Area
 • Jurisdiction 133,080 dunams (133.0 km2 or 51.4 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 48,672
Website www.yatta-munc.org

Yatta or Yattah (Arabic: يطّا‎, Hebrew: יטא) is a Palestinian city located in the Hebron Governorate on a high approximately 8 km south of the city of Hebron in the West Bank.[2] According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics it had a population of 48,672 in 2007.[3][4]

History[edit]

Located on a large, ancient hilltop,[5] Yatta has been identified with the site of the Biblical town of Juttah.[6] A Jewish burial complex dating to the 2nd century CE was found in the town in 1931.[7] Eusebius (4th century) wrote that Yatta was "a very large village of Jews eighteen miles south of Beit Guvrin."[7] Some Palestinian-Arab residents still believe they originate from the Jewish kingdom of Khaybar in the south-western Arabian peninsula and are descended from the Jewish tribes of Arabia.[8] Research by Yitzhak Ben Zvi in 1928 also suggested that three out of the six extended families in Yatta belonged to the "Mehamra" group and possibly descended from an Arabian Jewish tribe.[7]

Ottoman era[edit]

Yatta, like the rest of Palestine, was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517, and in the census of 1596 the village appeared as being in the Nahiya of Halil of the Liwa of Quds. It had a population of 127 families, all Muslim, and paid taxes on wheat, barley, olives, goats and bee-hives.[9]

In 1838, Edward Robinson passed by, and noted that Yatta had the "appearance of a large modern Mohammedan town, on low eminence, with trees around."[10]

In July 1863 Victor Guérin visited Youttha. He described it as a village of 2000 inhabitants, but at least half were living in tents, scattered in the all over, partly to finish the harvest, partly to avoid the military recruiters active in the area.[11] In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Yatta as being a "large village standing high on a ridge. It is built of stone, but some of the inhabitants live in tents. The water supply is from cisterns. On the south there are rock-cut tombs, and rock wine-presses are found all round the village. The neighbourhood is extremely stony; south of the village are scattered olives, which are conspicuous objects; on the west, a little lower under a cliff, is a small olive yard in which the camp of the Survey party was pitched in 1874; to the south-west of camp were a few figs. The inhabitants are very rich in flocks; the village owned, it was said, 17,000 sheep, beside goats, cows, camels, horses, and donkeys. The Sheikh alone had 250 sheep.[12] ... South of the village are several tombs; one has a shallow semicircular arch cut above a small square entrance. West of the village and of el Muturrif is a very fine rock-cut wine-press. A second occurs north of the village."[13]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Yatta had a population 3,179; all Muslims,[14] increasing in the 1931 census to 4,034, still all Muslims.[15]

In 1945 the population of Yatta was 5,260, all Arabs, and the land area was 174,172 dunams according to an official land and population survey.[16] 3,254 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 67,498 used for cereals,[17] while 216 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[18]

1948–67[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Yatta came under Jordanian rule.

Post-1967[edit]

Elderly men in Yatta, 2012

After Six-Day War in 1967, Yatta has been under Israeli occupation.

At least seven Palestinians were killed in Yatta during the Second Intifada in different incidents from 2002-04.[19] On March 8, 2012 Israeli soldiers shot dead 20-year-old Zakariya Abu Eram and injured two others during an raid in the town with the intent of arresting Abu Eram's uncle. The Israeli Army said they fired at the men after one of them stabbed a soldier during the arrest attempt.[20]

Culture[edit]

A Jillayeh dress from Yatta from around 1910 is part of the Museum of International Folk Art (MOIFA) at Museum of New Mexico at Santa Fe.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 415
  2. ^ Columbia Encyclopedia: Juttah
  3. ^ 2007 PCBS Census Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.118.
  4. ^ "Palestine City Populations". MongaBay. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  5. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 966
  6. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 2, p. 190
  7. ^ a b c Ḥevrah la-haganat ha-ṭevaʻ (1990), Israel - land and nature, Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel, p. 83, retrieved 6 June 2011 
  8. ^ A tragic misunderstanding, The Sunday Times, January 13, 2009.
  9. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 123
  10. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 2, p. 628
  11. ^ Guérin, 1869, pp. 205-6
  12. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 310
  13. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 380.
  14. ^ Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Hebron, p. 10
  15. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 34
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 50
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 94
  18. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 144
  19. ^ Palestinians killed by Israeli security forces in the Occupied Territories B'Tselem
  20. ^ Palestinian shot dead in West Bank. Al Jazeera English. 2012-03-08.
  21. ^ Stillman, 1979, pp. 59 - 60

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]