York, Ontario

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This article is about the former city that was amalgamated into Toronto in 1998. For the regional municipality north of Toronto, see Regional Municipality of York. For the town that existed 1793–1834 and became Toronto, see York, Upper Canada. For other uses, see York (disambiguation).
York
Dissolved municipality
This time capsule outside the York Civic Centre is intended to be sealed for 196 years. It also depicts the city's logo and coat of arms, which contains the city's motto in Latin. The other former municipalities of Metropolitan Toronto all have mottoes in English.
This time capsule outside the York Civic Centre is intended to be sealed for 196 years. It also depicts the city's logo and coat of arms, which contains the city's motto in Latin. The other former municipalities of Metropolitan Toronto all have mottoes in English.
Motto: From individuals, a community (translated from Latin: E singulis communitas)
Location of York (red), as compared with the rest of Toronto.
Location of York (red), as compared with the rest of Toronto.
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Municipality Toronto Toronto
Incorporated 1793 (township)
1 January 1967 (borough)
June 1983 (city)
Changed Region 1954 Flag of Metropolitan Toronto.svg Metropolitan Toronto from York County
Amalgamated 1 January 1998 into Toronto
Government
 • Councillors Josh Colle, Joe Mihevc, Frances Nunziata, Cesar Palacio
 • MPs Carolyn Bennett, Andrew Cash, Joe Oliver, Mike Sullivan
 • MPPs Laura Albanese, Mike Colle, Eric Hoskins, Cristina Martins
Area[1]
 • Total 23.18 km2 (8.95 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 133,361
 • Density 6,482.1/km2 (16,789/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 416, 647

York is a former municipality within the current city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is located northwest of Old Toronto, southwest of North York and east of Etobicoke, where it is bounded by the Humber River. As a separate city, it was one of six municipalities that amalgamated in 1998 to form the current city of Toronto. The City of York was created by the amalgamation of several villages, including the present day neighbourhoods of Lambton Mills and Weston.

History[edit]

York Township was incorporated by Canada West in 1850 (Canada West later became Ontario in 1867 due to the Confederation), bounded in the west by the Humber River, in the east by what would become Victoria Park Avenue, and in the north by what would become Steeles Avenue. Etobicoke Township and Scarborough Township were located west and east, respectively, while the townships of Vaughan and Markham bordered on the north.

Humewood–Cedarvale was developed in the 1910s to attract development in the growing township. Oakwood–Vaughan was also developed during this time. In the 1920s, the character of the township changed, with its southern reaches abutting the city of Toronto taking on a more urban character, compared with the very rural character of the north. The decision was made to split the township in two, with the northern, rural portion becoming North York. The remaining, two pockets of unincorporated urban development at the north end of the city, were split by the village of North Toronto, which was by then a part of the City of Toronto. Within years, the Province of Ontario saw that this arrangement of having an exclave was impractical, and further subdivided York, creating the township of East York out of the eastern pocket. The Township of York contracted streetcar and bus services from the Toronto Transportation Commission (later became Toronto Transit Commission in 1954), but remained independent from Toronto. During this time, American novelist Ernest Hemingway resided in the Humewood–Cedarvale community, writing for The Toronto Star.

North and west of Oakwood–Vaughan is the Fairbank community. Silverthorn is west of Fairbank. Silverthorn (and Fairbank) is described as "Toronto's hidden San Francisco" in reference to its "steep streets, staircases, and unusual views of houses built in what must be the hilliest part of the city."[1] This is due to Toronto's topography being shaped by its ravines.

York was part of the federation of twelve suburban municipalities that joined Toronto in 1954 to form Metropolitan Toronto. In 1967, it absorbed the village of Weston, and became the Borough of York, later known as the City of York. It was amalgamated into the new City of Toronto on 1 January 1998. Its former council and administrative building, York Civic Centre, is located at 2700 Eglinton Avenue West, between Black Creek Drive and Keele Street.

York's first public library was the Mount Dennis branch, which operated out of rented premises since 1923.[2] In 1945, the Township of York Public Library Board was established, and proceeded to build three new library buildings, that opened in 1951, including the Jane/Dundas library, Main Library (Eglinton Avenue near Dufferin Street; the library was later renamed after Maria Shchuka), and the Mount Dennis Library.[2][3][4]

Schools[edit]

Runnymede Collegiate Institute on Jane Street, York Memorial Collegiate Institute at Eglinton Avenue, George Harvey Collegiate Institute on Keele Street, Weston Collegiate Institute on Pine Street and Vaughan Road Collegiate Institute (renamed Vaughan Road Academy in 1997) served as the high schools in the former city of York. Before the 1998 Amalgamation, the York Board of Education oversees public secular schools in the former city. As with the other school boards in Metro Toronto, they were amalgamated as the Toronto District School Board in 1998.

Transportation[edit]

York is served by the Toronto Transit Commission's buses and subway system. It formerly had its own bus and streetcar service until it was absorbed by the Toronto Transit Commission. Of the Toronto subway system, only the Heath Street exit of St. Clair West station is in the former city of York.

Eglinton Crosstown line[edit]

The TTC once had plans to construct the Eglinton West subway line along Eglinton Avenue in the former city of York. However, it was cancelled in 1995 and there have been no serious discussion about reviving the line until 2007, when the Eglinton Crosstown LRT line was proposed as part of Transit City.

Reeves and mayors [edit]

Following the 1966 election, the chief magistrate of York, formerly known as the reeve, assumed the title of mayor.

The following are the reeves of the Township of York:

The following individuals served as York's mayor:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.thestar.com/life/2014/09/26/a_walk_with_ward_12_candidate_lekan_olawoye.html
  2. ^ a b "History". Mount Dennis. Toronto: Toronto Public Library. 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  3. ^ "History". Jane/Dundas. Toronto: Toronto Public Library. 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  4. ^ "History". Maria Shchuka. Toronto: Toronto Public Library. 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 

Coordinates: 43°41′23″N 79°28′41″W / 43.689829°N 79.478066°W / 43.689829; -79.478066